Effective communication requires sound research. This assignment, especially the initial bibliography, teaches you the skills of searching scientific literature and discrimination against different source types as appropriate or inappropriate for use in your project. Furthermore, the initial bibliography allows for feedback on your types of sources and direction of research prior to storyboard creation.
RESEARCH TIPS: Expectations and Appropriate Research sources
Science communications demands that the author(s) knows the facts. Too often people are selective and use the information to support their pet hypothesis. Generally, scientific studies are based on experiments and presented to the public as scientific papers that include an introduction (context), methods, results and discussion (new hypotheses). Importantly, each study must be reviewed by other scientists before it is published. There is often a rich and vast literature of scientific journals reporting the first-hand results of studies on a topic (primary literature). Subsequently these ideas are synthesized into reviews, videos, etc. that are more speculative, opinionated and anecdotal (secondary literature).
How does this apply to your digital story?
Due to the subjective angle given by opinions and anecdotes, as well as the more limited science described, reviews, newspapers and new pieces should not be your only source. It is your job as investigative storytellers to present information that is informed not just by the information presented by others, but to search deeper and gain a nuanced and solid scientific understanding of your specific topic.
Regina Raboin, Science Reference and Instruction Librarian, has given detailed information on the Research Guide that explains in more detail the types of scientific literature and how to evaluate and find appropriate sources.
To meet with Regina for assistance in finding the above sources, contact her via email email@example.com or phone 617-627-4221.
INITIAL BIBLIOGRAPHY ASSIGNMENT EXPECTATIONS & DETAILS (click for template):
1. Read the information below and on the Research Guide regarding appropriate scientific resources.
2. Using appropriate databases, begin researching your project
3. For the initial bibliography, have a minimum of each of the following:
- Four (4) articles from the primary literature (at least two of which were published in the last five years)
- Two (2) or more reviews in reputed publications (secondary literature)
- Unlimited number of newspaper articles or news pieces
4. Annotate* two (2) of the primary literature articles and one (1) of the secondary literature articles
5. Format citations in your bibliography using the Council of Science Editors summary document.
Please note: there are only two cases in which journal articles are conventionally cited with URLs. They are:
a. Articles from online-only journals with no print edition available
b. Articles available “online-first”, i.e. you have accessed them before they are published in print
Initial bibliography template: please use this document template to help organize your sources for evaluation.
Initial Bibliography due in electronic form via Trunk by 11:55 pm, October 19, 2012.
*An annotated bibliography entails writing a short paragraph for the citations describing the paper and how it relates to your topic. This does not mean highlighting or notes on a hardcopy of the article.
Final bibliography template: Please follow this template and provide all the information required. The final bibliography should include both sources used in making your final project as well as sources used in the development of your project, even if not incorporated into the final project (e.g., used for storyboard,but not after, etc.).
The final bibliography is via Trunk by 5:00 pm on December 13, 2012.
CITATION DETAILS: please use the following information and instructions for citing sources in your videos and your bibliographies.
Citing sources within your videos–*
Your video must have closing credits. Your closing credits should be a list of all the sources of your images, audio, and sound effects.
Music: List the name of the piece, artist, and site from which it was downloaded. If the piece is one you created or recorded yourself, you must also provide a citation listing the software you used to create it. Follow these examples:
Ballad of the Metronome
by Elle Lefant from the album Pulse
by Your Name
created in Garage Band
Sound Effects: List the name of the effect, artist, and site from which it was downloaded. If the effect is one you created or recorded yourself, you must also provide a citation listing the software you used to create it. Follow this example for citing what you use:
by Your Name
created using Audacity
Images: List the name of the image, the name of the person who uploaded it, and the site. Note that the reason for going through the Creative Commons page is to insure that what you use will be copyright-friendly. If the image is one you took or created yourself, you must also provide a citation listing the date you created it. Follow these examples:
My Younger Brother Throwing a Tantrum
by Your Name
taken September 2010
Video: If you are using a video clip of another person’s work (under the Fair Use guidelines) you must attribute the source in your closing credits. Include the title, followed by the director/creator, year of production, and production company (if applicable). For non-commercial clips (such as found through a database or video site), a second example is provided below.
dir. David Hand, 1942 Disney Co.
Planes Descend on Pearl Harbor
creator, year, location of source (e.g. Discovery Education, Vimeo, or URL of site)
If your video uses only footage you took, with no extra images or audio, finish with the following statement (adding your own name, of course):
All footage taken by: Your Name(s).
Citing sources in your Bibliography–
*Please refer to the CSE citation formatting guide for information on proper citation styles
*Adapted from Next Vista for Learning, http://nextvista.org/contests/nebraska90/citations.phtml