Last week, while others were worrying about Sharknado, I was worrying about how we were going to preserve all the Sharknado tweets, memes, and news references.
Perhaps not that exactly. But in between homages to Anne of Green Gables, I was engaged in numerous discussions about how archivists should be preserving and making big data sets and software available and accessible at the Open Repositories conference held on Prince Edward Island.
The plenary speaker, Victoria Stodden, spoke about the increasing necessity for access to research data and the code used to manipulate the data in order to reproduce and verify results. Articles are useful references that advertise research, but the data sets and code are integral parts of the scientific process and necessary to preserve as well. However, how to require submission, where to deposit, and mechanisms for equitable open access are the tricky elements to making this vision a reality.
Closing plenary speaker, Jean-Claude Geudon, envisioned a potential future where publishers would provide free access to the articles but required payment for access to the data and code. Repositories should claim this territory as their own as part of their efforts to support quality of scientific research over competition of scientific publishing.
Open access publishing is something DCA supports. It is time to look at open access data as well.
June 9, 2013 is
The International Archives Day.
Exhibitions, conferences, visits, debates and other events will be organized by the International Council of Archives. and many archives and archivists across the globe to promote archives and the archives profession.
The Universal Declaration of Archives recognizes the essential, unique, collective role that archives play in accountability, transparency, efficiency, protection, and preserving the memory of individuals, institutions and communities.
The family history of Dr. Martin H. Deranian, whose papers are preserved at DCA as the Hagop Martin Deranian papers, 1931–2008, has been the topic of a recent article in Tufts Now.
“Resilient Women” talks about Armenian women and the Armenian genocide, in particular the experiences of two women who inspired Joyce Van Dyke’s play ‘Deported’ first performed in Boston in 2012. The two women who were deported and eventually immigrated to the USA were friends: Elmas Sarajian, the playwrite’s grandmother, and Vartar Nazarian, the mother of Dr. Martin Deranian. Dr. Deranian taught dental history at Tufts School of Dental Medicine for 40 years and still has a dental practice in Worcester, Mass.
DCA is currently working with Dr. Deranian to obtain, among other material, his unique collection of diary-like binders which go back to his student years and which include much of his family’s history and Dr. Deranian’s consistent efforts regarding Holocaust and Genocide Studies.
Tufts has organized a Edward R. Murrow Forum since 2006. The guest of this year’s forum on “International Reporting in the 21st Century: Coverage, Context and Courage” was Christiane Amanpour, Chief International Correspondent, CNN Global Affairs Editor, ABC News. While Johnathan Tisch talked with Christiane Amanpour about her upbringing in Iran as well as her personal and journalistic experiences since then, questions from the audience elicited discussion of such issues as the professional coverage of emotionally draining events or e.g the importance of the camera crew in creating news.
If you missed the event, you can watch her interview, the first live broadcast of a Murrow Forum, on Made in Medford or read an article about Amanpour in Tufts Now.
When Edward R. Murrow and William Shirer reported from Vienna, Austria, and London about Hitler’s March into Austria on March 12th, 13th and 14th of 1938, they began a type of news round up for CBS that eventually would turn into the CBS World News Roundup. This week, CBS Evening News celebrated the 75th Anniversary of this program with a broadcast titled ‘Broadcast legends on 75 years of CBS World News Roundup.’ Since the world largest collection of Edward R. Murrow Papers resides at DCA, Tufts University, CBS Evening News worked with the archives to locate historical material and photographs for this anniversary broadcast.
You can watch the CBS Evening News Anniversary Story online.
If you want to learn more about news reporting and Edward R. Murrow, visit our exhibit essays at The Life and Work of Edward R. Murrow. There you will find photographs, details, and stories related to Edward R. Murrow, his wife Janet Brewster Murrow, and the so-called Murrow Boys who included one woman. Our collection brochure describes the approximately 55 linear feet of paper record and photographs next to the audio-visual material and artifacts available at DCA for your research. Finally, the digital library search portal provides you with the Edward R. Murrow Papers finding aid which also links you to over 300 photographs from this collection.
DCA is pleased to announce it has recently signed a donor agreement with the Cambridge based organization, Cultural Survival, to preserve its historical records. Cultural Survival (CS) was founded in 1972 to assist indigenous peoples across their globe in ‘struggles for human rights, sovereignty, and autonomy.’
CS was founded by David Maybury-Lewis, Evon Vogt, Jr., Orlando Patterson, and Pia Maybury-Lewis and was originally loosely affiliated with Harvard University where David Maybury-Lewis was a professor of anthropology. To find out more about CS, take a look at its online history.
CS boxes from 2nd shipment
This week DCA received the second major transfer of historical records including office records, project and special project files, CS publications, reports, publicity material and limited runs of smaller indigenous publications that might be difficult to obtain elsewhere. Among these records, photographs, slides, and VHS tapes created by indigenous peoples will be invaluable in documenting a history long ignored in Euro-American discourse regarding indigenous issues, self-empowerment, and the development of indigenous organizations across the globe.
As part of this donor agreement, Ted MacDonald, CS first project director, also transferred about 25 linear feet of historical materials to DCA. His files cover the first 15 years of projects developed, funded, or rejected by CS and will reveal many gems: take here a look at a very early example of self-demarcation by the indigenous Ye’kuana in Southern Venezuela (creating ethno-cultural maps) completed in 1995.
Ye’kuana Self-Demarcation Project (1995)
And then read a CS Quarterly article about this project, The Ye’kuana Self-Demarcation Process, published fifteen years later when such demarcation projects had become wide-spread.
On September 11 2001, about 400 students and staff gathered at Tufts’ Hillel to grieve, to spend the day together, or to talk about possible actions in the face of the attacks. Within a couple of hours students decided to create a Patches for Peace Quilt to provide a creative outlet and set a message of hope, peace and community. Hillel provided logistical and infrastructure support, and members of the Hillel student board approached many of the approximately 160 student organizations and groups for their participation in the project. Eventually 88 student organizations — ranging from the Association of Latin American Students to the Arab Student Association, from the Chamber Singers to the Inter Greek Council, and from the No Homers Club to the Women’s Soccer Team — each produced a patch.
See the quilt at the online Patches for Peace quilt exhibit, or see the actual quilt on temporary display at the Tufts Campus Center from September 11 to October 11, 2011.
It was my privilege to attend SHEAR (Society for the Historians of the Early American Republic) last month in Philadelphia. I gave a short presentation on the New Nation Votes project in conjunction with two papers that have made good use of our data.
The first was from David Houpt, a graduate student at the Graduate Center at City University New York. His paper, “Critical Masses: Celebratory Politics and Political Mobilization in the Congressional Election of 1794″ discussed the rather surprising win of a Republican candidate in, what until then, had been the Federalist stronghold of Philadelphia. His paper made use of these election results, with special detail on the ward level results.
The other paper was from Daniel Peart. Entitled “An ‘Era of No Feelings’? Rethinking the Periodization of Early U.S. Politics”, it made use of a variety of elections throughout the Era of Good Feelings (1815 – 1824), measuring voter turnout in all of the existing states and refuting the notion that voter turnout declined as the Republican party gained a stronghold and Federalist competition declined, instead showing that the areas with the highest turnout were the areas with the least amount of Federalist competition. Daniel recently completed his PhD at University College London and will start this month as a lecturer at Queen Mary, University of London. He was inspired to pursue this idea when he heard a presentation at the 14th Annual Conference of The Association of British American 19th Century Historians given by Phil and the previous coordinator, Krista Ferrante.
I added a bit of context about the site and showed off one particularly interesting election – the 1824 North Carolina Presidential Election which contravenes the long-held notion that Andrew Jackson was the clear winner of the 1824 election.
Overall, it was a great opportunity to connect with the scholars who are making use of this project and to get some valuable feedback as well. One result: a new feature on the home page that notes what the most recently updated data is.
This week we are taking a step back from highlighting our collections to highlight our local professional organization: New England Archivists (NEA). NEA is hosting their spring conference this weekend at Brown University in Providence, Rhode Island. The program committee for this conference was chaired by none other than our own Eliot Wilczek, University Records Manager, and Jennifer Phillips, former Archivist for Digital Collections, served on the program committee before she left for Colorado last January. Other DCA staff will be taking part in the program as well: Director and University Archivist, Anne Sauer, will be taking part in a session on cloud computing, and Veronica Martzahl, Records Archivist, will be part of a session on coordinated disaster preparedness programs. Even our student assistants from Simmons College will be taking part. Derek Mosley and Stacie Williams are presenting a poster called “Foot in the Door: A guide to maximizing student internships” and Molly Bruce will be helping out with registration.
FYI: For anyone attending the conference and hoping to tweet about it, the hashtag is #nea11sp.
On November 11, we honor military veterans by observing Veteran’s Day. People serving in the armed forces have been an important presence at Tufts throughout its history, and the DCA is host to numerous collections that document that presence.
In 1942, Tufts was one of eight universities granted a Naval ROTC unit, which allowed students to complete their college studies and receive military training prior to being commissioned in the navy. The Tufts Digital Library has numerous images of the NROTC from the NROTC/V-12 collection of memorabilia. DCA also has a collection of artifacts from the Tufts War Museum, which includes items such as medallions, coins, and shrapnel taken from soldiers’ bodies! Other collections relevant to the history of veterans include the School for War Veterans records, World War II posters and publications, the Melville Munro collection’s series on Tufts and the War and the War Years at Tufts, and the Atomic Veterans collection, which recognizes members of the United States Armed Forces and citizens who were exposed to ionizing radiation from atomic and nuclear weapons testing.
Tomorrow, Tufts honors veterans and those currently serving in the armed forces in ceremonies on Memorial Steps and in Ballou Hall.