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Copyright and Citations

Fair Use and Copyright

It is the patron’s obligation to determine and satisfy materials’ copyright status when publishing or otherwise distributing materials found in DCA collections. Learn more about copyright, fair use, and open access.

How to Cite Archival Sources

There is no single correct way to cite material discovered in the Digital Collections and Archives. Here are some tips along with examples to get you started. You should always defer to your instructor’s or publisher’s directions. If you have any questions, don’t hesitate to contact the Public Services and Outreach Archivist.

Citation elements

When citing a particular record within an archival collection, keep in mind that at the very least you will want to include the creator/author,  ‘title’ of collection, call number, location (box and folder number or URL), and the repository in which you found this material.

Remember: The goal of your citation is to provide a road map for other researchers to retrace your footsteps.

The following elements may be included:

  • Creator/Author
  • Collection name (in its entirety)
  • Series title
  • Folder title
  • Item title or other identifying information
  • Call number
  • Citable URL (as applicable)
  • Repository (Digital Collections and Archives, Tufts University)

Examples

For a physical photograph:

Photographer. Title of Photograph. Date of photograph. Catalog number. Tufts University. Digital Collections and Archives. Medford, MA.
Example: Unknown. College Athlete of the Year. 1971. UA046.003.032.00017. Tufts University. Digital Collections and Archives. Medford, MA.

For a digital photograph:

Photographer. Title of Photograph. Date of photograph. Tufts University. Digital Collections and Archives. Medford, MA. Citable URL (accessed date).

Example: Munro, Melville S. Football player Fred Ellis, September 27. 1926. Tufts University. Digital Collections and Archives. Medford, MA. http://hdl.handle.net/10427/896 (accessed January 27, 2010).

For an entire collection

Name of collection. Tufts University. Digital Collections and Archives. Medford, MA.

Example: Atomic Veterans, records, 1947-1989. Tufts University. Digital Collections and Archives. Medford, MA.

For an item in a collection:

Name of collection. Series title. Folder title. Title or identifying information. Call number. Tufts University. Digital Collections and Archives. Medford, MA.

Example: Office of the President records, 1828-2007. Alonzo Ames Miner, records, 1850-1883. Prohibition. Letter April 15, 1867 from George H. Emerson. UA001.002.001.00001. Tufts University. Digital Collections and Archives. Medford, MA.