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Copyright and Citations

Fair Use and Copyright

It is the patron’s obligation to determine and satisfy materials’ copyright status when publishing or otherwise distributing materials found in DCA collections. Learn more about copyright, fair use, and open access.

How to Cite Archival Sources

There is no one correct way to cite material discovered in Digital Collections and Archives, but we can provide some tips along with examples in common citation styles. Keep in mind that you might be required to use a specific citation format for your research, such as MLA, APA, or Turabian. The citation style we use at DCA is based on Turabian. When you cite archival sources, your citations are slightly different depending on whether you accessed the material digitally or physically. Two individuals might cite the same photograph or thesis, but if one of them used the physical copy available in DCA and the other used the electronic copy available in the Tufts Digital Library, the citations would be slightly different.

Citation elements

When you are citing material from DCA, you will need to know:

  • Archives holding the material. This will always be "Tufts University. Digital Collections and Archives. Medford, MA."
  • Creator (e.g. author, photographer)
  • Title
  • Date of the original material
  • Publication information (if previously published)

If you are citing something from our physical collections, you will also need to know:

  • Catalog number (this will look something like: UA007/001-002#00006)

The catalog number for items is provided on the collection guide for the appropriate collection. If you have questions about how to cite a subset of a collection (instead of just a photograph or file) contact an archivist. If you are citing something from the Tufts Digital Library, you will also need to know:

  • Citable URL. Note: This is labeled "Citable URL" under the title in the Tufts Digital Library. This is not the URL that appears in your browser’s address bar. It will look something like: http://hdl.handle.net/10427/11111.
  • The date you view the item in the Tufts Digital Library.

Examples

For a physical photograph

Photographer. "Title of Photograph." Date of photograph. Catalog number. Tufts University. Digital Collections and Archives. Medford, MA.

Example: Unknown. College Athlete of the Year. 1971. UA046/003-032#00017. Tufts University. Digital Collections and Archives. Medford, MA.

For a digital photograph

Photographer. "Title of Photograph." Date of photograph. Tufts University. Digital Collections and Archives. Medford, MA. Citable URL (accessed date).

Example: Munro, Melville S. Football player Fred Ellis, September 27. 1926. Tufts University. Digital Collections and Archives. Medford, MA. http://hdl.handle.net/10427/896 (accessed January 27, 2010).

For an entire collection

Name of collection. Tufts University. Digital Collections and Archives. Medford, MA.

Example: Atomic Veterans, records, 1947-1989. Tufts University. Digital Collections and Archives. Medford, MA.

For a previously published paper, accessed digitally

Author. "Title of paper." Journal Title vol.# (Year): page numbers. Available from Tufts Digital Library, Digital Collections and Archives, Medford, MA. Citable URL (accessed date).

Example: Dennett, Daniel C. "Are Dreams Experiences?" Philosophical Review, vol. 85 (1976): 151-171. Available from Tufts Digital Library, Digital Collections and Archives, Medford, MA. http://hdl.handle.net/10427/47718 (accessed September 4, 2010).

For more information, see the Copyright and Citation page that applies specifically to the material that interests you: