Since 2010, the Feinstein International Center have embarked on a major three-year research project on Pastoralism, Trade and Markets, which is part of the UNEP Sudan Integrated Environment Project funded by UKaid, from the Department for International Development. The pastoralist project aims to promote understanding of pastoralists’ livelihoods systems among local, national and international stakeholders and to strengthen the capacity of pastoralist leaders, organizations and other advocates to articulate the rational for pastoralism.
This work is in close partnership with a number of national and international partners, including UNEP Sudan, SOS Sahel Sudan, the Darfur Development and Reconstruction Agency, the Nomads Development Council and the International Institute of the Environment and Development. It also depends on the support and participation of a wide network of national and local organizations, professionals and academics.
Our activities are wide-ranging, and include stakeholder surveys, participatory policy reviews, policy trainings, research studies and also case-studies of actual livestock programmes. We undertake a wide range of national meetings, workshops, regional state level events and stakeholder briefings in order to disseminate and review our findings with a wide range of audiences.
Studies and Research Reports
- Livestock, Livelihoods and Disaster Response: Part One A Review of Livestock Based Livelihood Projects in Sudan(PDF); Livestock, Livelihoods and Disaster Response: Part Two Three Case Studies of Livestock Emergency Programmes in Sudan, and Lessons Learned(PDF)
Tufts University and the Feinstein International Center are pleased to announce the publication of a two part review of emergency livestock interventions in Sudan. Livestock production is a crucial livelihood strategy for farmers and pastoralists throughout Sudan, and contributes to a wider economy linked with livestock marketing, livestock products, fodder, water and support services. In Sudan there is a long experience of livestock interventions that predates the development of the international “Livestock Emergency Guidelines and Standards”, including for example provision of veterinary services (vaccination, training of CAHWs), animal fodder, restocking and destocking livestock, etc. Given this wide-ranging history and experience, this study reviewed recent emergency livestock interventions and the introduction of the Livestock Emergency Guidelines and Standards to Sudan.
- Standing Wealth: Pastoralist Livestock Production and Local Livelihoods in Sudan (PDF); Arabic Summary of Standing Wealth (PDF); Appendices (PDF)
The report highlights the importance of pastoralist livestock production for the country’s economy, and outlines ways in which pastoralism can be supported in the future, to benefit livelihoods and the economy of Sudan. The economic value of pastoral livestock production is largely hidden, both in the official statistics, and in relation to the domestic market and subsistence economy (e.g. milk). The report argues for an informed, effective and equitable integration of pastoral systems within national policy and legal frameworks, in order to legitimate this form of land use and to underpin a more constructive approach to modernization of the livestock sector. The findings indicate that unleashing the potential of the livestock sector in Sudan requires securing the conditions for livestock mobility, so that livestock can access pastures selectively, when the nutritional value of plants is at their peak. This requires the return of security in pastoral areas and along livestock routes, and a tailored regulation of markets in land (in pastoral areas), water for livestock, and crop residues.
- Pastoralism and Pastoralists in Sudan: A Stakeholder Mapping and Survey (PDF)
The report describes the stakeholder groups, their sectoral involvement, and their awareness and opinions of the policy issues and challenges affecting pastoralists and pastoralist livelihood systems. More than 50 percent of the challenges identified by survey respondents related to environment and natural resources. A review of the UN work plan for 2011 indicates that pastoralists are generally under-represented or poorly considered in the UN humanitarian and recovery programs. This echoes the gaps within the national and state level government.
- LEGS Final Report (PDF)
- LEGS Presentations (PDF)
This workshop report, with additional presentations, is one of several published outputs as part of a major three-year research project on Pastoralism, Trade and Markets in Sudan, under the UNEP Sudan Integrated Environment Project. The aims of this workshop were: to promote a wider understanding of the international and national LEGS initiatives; to review LEGS related programmes in Sudan; and to introduce the concepts, tools, and applications of Participatory Impact Assessment (PIA) with a view to identifying specific case-studies in Sudan for further review and learning. This report presents the seven expert presentations from national and international agencies, and summarizes the discussions during the workshop. It also presents the participants reflections on the relevance and implications of these initiatives for their work and for their organisations.
- Pastoralism and Policy Training First Test Workshop Report Khartoum (PDF); Pastoralism and Policy Training Second Test Workshop Report Khartoum (PDF) ; Pastoralism and Policy Training Validation Workshop Report Wad Medani Gazira State (PDF)
These three reports describe the adaptation process of the Pastoralism and Policy Options course to the Sudan context. The adaptation process in Sudan started in May 2011 with a workshop to test the validity of adapting the eastern Africa training to Sudan. The first phase of adapted material was prepared for a first test training in November 2011 to judge the relevance of the adapted material to date. A second test training was conducted in March 2012 and constituted a second round of testing of previously adapted material while also serving as a platform to test new material adapted since then.
- Economics of Pastoral Livestock Production in Sudan(PDF)
This Working Paper is part of a series of policy review working papers undertaken as a foundational activity to inform subsequent briefing papers, research studies, policy trainings and other events. This working paper first reviews the contribution of livestock and pastoralists to the Sudanese national economy and assesses the reliability of statistical data on this subject. Next it discusses several key national government policies on taxation and trade that affect the economic welfare of pastoralists. The final section reviews the impact of current economic trends on pastoral production systems, focusing on the effect of increased commercial involvement on herd management practices and on the distribution of wealth in pastoral communities
- Standing Wealth: Pastoralist Livestock Production and Local Livelihoods in Sudan
- Standing Wealth Policy Paper – Arabic Version(PDF)
This briefing paper highlights the importance of pastoralist livestock production for Sudan’s economy, and outlines ways in which pastoralism can be supported in the future. It is based on a research report (UNEP, 2013 ‘Standing Wealth: Pastoralist Livestock Production and Local Livelihoods in Sudan’), authored by Saverio Krätli, Omer Hassan el Dirani and Helen Young.
- Economics of Pastoral Livestock Production in Sudan(PDF); Arabic Version(PDF)
Livestock is by value the largest subsector of Sudan¹s domestic economy, larger even than petroleum. To a remarkable extent the economy of Sudan is based on a combination of pastoral and agro-pastoral livestock production by farming and herding households in almost every region and state, the majority of which depend to some degree on livestock mobility. Livestock has consistently provided more than 60% of the estimated value added by agriculture to the Sudanese economy and is a substantially more important contributor to national agricultural GDP than crop farming. At no time in the last decade has the contribution of petroleum to GDP come close to equaling the contribution of agriculture, of which livestock provides the biggest part.This Briefing Paper is the first in a series of Pastoralism Briefing Papers, which form part of the UNEP Sudan Integrated Environment Project, funded by UKaid from the UK Department for international Development (DFID).