Dyan Mazurana, Ph.D., is Associate Research Professor at the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University and Research Director of Gender, Youth and Community at the Feinstein International Center, Tufts University, USA. She is also the Cathy Cohen Lasry Visiting Professor of Comparative Genocide Studies at the Strassler Center for Holocaust and Genocide Studies, Clark University, Worcester, Massachusetts. Mazurana’s areas of specialty include women, children and armed conflict, documenting serious crimes committed during conflict, and accountability, remedy and reparation. Her books include Research Methods in Conflict Settings: A View From Below (Cambridge University Press, 2013) with Karen Jacobsen and Lacey Gale, After the Taliban: Life and security in rural Afghanistan (Rowman & Littlefield, 2008) with Neamatollah Nojumi and Elizabeth Stites; Gender, conflict, and peacekeeping (Rowman & Littlefield 2005) with Angela Raven-Roberts and Jane Parpart; Where are the girls? Girls in fighting forces in Northern Uganda, Sierra Leone, and Mozambique (Rights & Democracy, 2004) with Susan McKay; and Women, Peace and Security: Study of the United Nations Secretary-General as pursuant Security Council Resolution 1325 (United Nations, 2002) with Sandra Whitworth. She has published more than seventy scholarly and policy books, articles, and international reports in numerous languages.
Mazurana works with a variety of governments, UN agencies, human rights and child protection organizations regarding improving efforts to assist youth and women affected by armed conflict, including those associated with fighting forces. She has written and developed training materials regarding gender, human rights, armed conflict, and post-conflict periods for civilian, police, and military peacekeepers involved in UN and NATO operations. In conjunction with international human rights groups, she contributed to materials now widely used to assist in documenting serious violations and abuses against women and girls during conflict and post-conflict reconstruction periods. She serves as an advisor to a number of governments, UN agencies and NGOs regarding protection of children and women during armed conflict. She has worked in Afghanistan, the Balkans, southern, west and east Africa, and Nepal.
Her current research focuses on efforts of war affected communities to heal (physically, mentally, spiritually), rebuild individual and societal relations, and restore moral boundaries in the midst or aftermath of extreme violence. Within this work, she has a strong focus on documenting serious crimes suffered and the necessary remedy and reparation for survivors that support recovery and healing.
Teaching and Courses
DHP D232: Gender, Culture and Conflict in Complex Humanitarian Emergencies
This course examines situations of armed conflict, civilian experiences of these crises, and the international and national humanitarian and military responses to these situations from a gender perspective and highlights the policy and program implications that this perspective presents. Topics covered include gender analyses of current trends in armed conflict and terrorism, and of the links among war economies, globalization and armed conflict; the manipulation of gender roles to fuel war and violence; gender and livelihoods in the context of crises; masculinities in conflict; sexual and gender-based violations; women’s rights in international humanitarian and human rights law during armed conflict; peacekeeping operations; peace building; and reconstruction. Case studies are drawn from recent and current armed conflicts worldwide. This course is cross-listed with the Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy.
Fall semester. Dyan Mazurana, Elizabeth Stites
Gender and Human Security in Transitional States and Societies
This course uses gender as a key analytical tool to examine states and societies transitioning from armed conflict or other large-scale social and political upheaval. It explores key gender dimensions of such transitions and their implications for states, societies and citizens, including those that have moved toward more democratic forms of governance and those that transitioned (or appear to be transitioning) into more authoritarian or fundamentalist regimes.
The course balances a population-focused approach (examining the evolving roles, expectations, norms and positions for both men and women, and to a lesser extent boys and girls) with an analysis of the security, justice/legal, humanitarian and development sectors. Using both a thematic approach and case studies, we will conduct gender analyses of peace accords, negotiations, disarmament, demobilization and reintegration (DDR) of combatants, and violence and continuing upheaval in `post-conflict’ societies. We will focus on key gender dimensions of defense, police, and penal reform, constitution drafting, accountability for serious crimes, and a range of factors within remedy and reparation. We will investigate post-conflict humanitarian and development responses, including the actions of civil society and local human rights defenders to engage in the topic areas considered throughout the course. Throughout, we will examine how social and political space for gendered freedom of expression, access to power, representation and influence evolves as part of these transitions.
Spring semester. Dyan Mazurana and Elizabeth Stites
Victims of serious violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law have a clearly established right to remedy and reparation. This right must be recognized without discrimination of any kind. Processes of remedy and reparation therefore must neither … Read More
Humanitarian aid is largely guided by anecdotes rather than evidence. Currently, the humanitarian system shows significant weaknesses in data collection, analysis and response in all stages of a crisis or emergency. As a result, the present humanitarian system is much less evidence-driven than it should be and than it would like to be.
“Forced Marriage within the Lord’s Resistance Army, Uganda” demonstrates that forced marriage includes acts codified as crimes in international customary and human rights law. These crimes include rape, sexual slavery, enforced pregnancy, forced labor, enslavement, and torture. However, the crime of forced marriage is unique from the above mentioned crimes, as it contains the element of forced conjugality.
Youth have been both the primary victims and the primary actors in the twenty-two year war between the Government of Uganda and the Lord’s Resistance Army. It was not clear, however, exactly who is suffering, how much, and in what ways. For instance, researchers knew little about the experience of youth: what is the magnitude, incidence, and nature of the violence, trauma, and suffering of youth in northern Uganda? An understanding of the effects of war on women and girls was particularly lacking, whether they were abducted or affected by the violence in other ways.
Karamoja is the poorest and least developed region of Uganda. The population experiences chronic food insecurity, little access to basic services, the weakening of traditional livelihood systems, ongoing insecurity, human rights violations and a near complete lack of law and order institutions. Armed raiding of livestock and associated loss of life and destruction of property are common and pervasive. Economic investment and development is minimal due to the threat of road ambushes and lack of transport and communication infrastructure. Attention to the region, however, on the part of national and international agencies, donors, and Ugandan legislators is growing. This field-based report provides an in-depth analysis of key aspects affecting livelihood strategies and human security in the region, as well as broad recommendations for local, national and international actors seeking to expand their knowledge, policies or programming in the Karamoja region.
New survey data on war-affected youth suggest that past approaches and programs are insufficient to meet the needs of youth newly returning from the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) as well as those who have already returned.
The protracted conflict in northern Uganda has created profound insecurity, brought the widespread loss of agrarian livelihoods, and pushed nearly two million people into internal displacement camps. With the current cessation of hostilities between the rebel Lord’s Resistance Army and the government of Uganda, many people are increasingly on the move in northern Uganda, whether moving in and out of camps on a daily or seasonal basis, moving between camps and semi-settled villages, or returning to their pre-war homes.
Multi-Country Demobilization and Reintegration Program (MDRP) of the World Bank and UNIFEM, 2006. Taking a Gender-Perspective to Strengthen the Multi-Country Demobilization and Reintegration Program (MDRP) in the greater Great Lakes Region. (Dyan Mazurana author). Available at http://www.mdrp.org/PDFs/MDRP_UNIFEM_Gender_DDR_010207_en.pdf
This report documents and analyzes recent countrywide trends in the relationship between human security and livelihoods throughout rural Afghanistan from 2002-2003. All countrywide information is generated by analyses of 2003 Nationwide Risk and Vulnerability Assessment (NRVA) survey data. All analyses of NRVA data, unless otherwise noted, are conducted by the Tufts University team. In addition, the report includes detailed analyses on six provinces based on primary research by the Tufts team in Badghis, Balkh, Herat, Kabul, Kandahar, and Nangarhar.
The war and humanitarian crises engulfing northern Uganda are intricately linked with the armed conflict and unrest in eastern Uganda and southern Sudan. As a result of the links between the upheavals in these three areas, a vicious cycle of interlocked armed conflict and insecurity exists across the region. Yet the current policy of key international donor governments, the World Bank, the United Nations, and the African Union of addressing these conflicts in relative isolation may ultimately guarantee that armed conflict continues in the region.
As part of a larger project entitled “Livelihoods and Human Security in Karamoja,” this briefing paper presents findings on causal factors and broad patterns in out-migration among the Bokora population. The paper also seeks to provide context for the specific case study of the population picked up on the streets of Kampala and sent to a reception site at Kobulin in Bokora County of Moroto District. Using a gender and generational analysis, the briefing paper presents data on the main factors underlying out-migration, the mechanics of this process, people’s experiences in the cities, the return to Kobulin, and the population’s current situation and hopes for the future.
Dyan Mazurana, Karen Jacobsen, and Lacey Gale (editors). 2013. Research Methods in Conflict Settings: A View from Below. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge and New York.
By Neamattolah Nojumi, Dyan Mazurana, and Elizabeth Stites. 2008. Rowman & Littlefield: Oxford & Boulder.
By Dyan Mazurana, Angela Raven-Roberts, and Jane Parpart (eds.). 2005. Rowman & Littlefield: Oxford & Boulder.
By Susan McKay and Dyan Mazurana. 2004. International Centre for Human Rights and Democratic Development, Montréal, Canada. (Published in English and French)
By Dyan Mazurana and Susan McKay. 1999. Montréal, Canada: International Centre for Human Rights and Democratic Development. Distributed by the Centre and Women Ink.: New York, New York. (Published in English and French)
Burton, Barbara, Nouray Ibryamova, Ranjana Khanna, Dyan Mazurana, and Lily Mendoza. 2002. “Cartographies of Scholarship: The Ends of Nation-states, Cold Wars and International Study.” Encompassing Gender: Integrating International Studies and Women’s Studies, Mary Lay, Janice Monk, Deborah Rosenfelt and Beverly … Read More
Mazurana, Dyan and Angela Raven-Roberts. 2002. “Integrating the Human Rights Perspective.” Challenges of Peacekeeping & Peace Support: Into the 21st Century, Annika Hilding-Norberg, ed. Oxford University Press.
Walker, Peter, Dyan Mazurana, Amy Warren, George Scarlett, and Henry Louis, 2012, “The Role of Spirituality in Humanitarian Crises and Recovery,” in Sacred Aid: Faith and Humanitarianism, Michael Barnett and Janet Gross Stein, Oxford University Press.
Mazurana, Dyan and Lacey Gale, 2013, “Preparing for Research in Active Conflict Zones: Practical Considerations for Personal Safety,” in Dyan Mazurana, Karen Jacobsen, and Lacey Gale (editors), Research Methods in Conflict Settings: A View from Below. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge … Read More
Mazurana, Dyan, Lacey Gale and Karen Jacobsen, 2013, “Introduction,” in Dyan Mazurana, Karen Jacobsen, and Lacey Gale (editors), Research Methods in Conflict Settings: A View from Below. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge and New York.
Mazurana, Dyan, et al. 2012. “Women and Girls and Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration.” Carol Cohn (ed.). Women and Wars: Contested Histories Uncertain Futures. Polity Press: Cambridge.
Mazurana, Dyan. 2012. “Women and Girls in Non-State Armed Opposition Groups.” Carol Cohn (ed.). Women and Wars: Contested Histories Uncertain Futures. Polity Press: Cambridge.
By Khristopher Carlson and Dyan Mazurana. 2010. Sharanjeet Parmar, Mindy Jane Roseman, Saudamini Siegrist, and Theo Sowa (eds.) Children and Transitional Justice: Truth-Telling, Accountability and Reconciliation. Harvard University Press.
By Dyan Mazurana and Khristopher Carlson. 2009. Ruth Rubio (ed.) Gender and Reparations (Cambridge University Press: Cambridge).
By Dyan Mazurana and Khristopher Carlson. 2008. Dubravka Zarkov (ed.). Gender, Violent Conflict, and Development. Zubaan Press: New Delhi.
Annan, Jeannie, Christopher Blattman, Dyan Mazurana and Khristopher Carlson, “Civil War, Reintegration and Gender in Northern Uganda,” Journal of Conflict Resolution, Volume 55 Issue 6 December 2011 pp. 875 – 906.
Benelli, Prisca, Dyan Mazurana and Peter Walker, 2012, “Using Sex and Age Disaggregated Data to Improve Humanitarian Response in Emergencies,” Gender & Development Vol. 20, No. 2, July 2012 pp. 219-232.
Mazurana, Dyan, Prisca Benelli and Peter Walker, 2013 (forthcoming). “How Sex- and Age-Disaggregated Data and Gender and Generational Analyses Can Improve Humanitarian Response”, Disasters.
By Khristopher Carlson and Dyan Mazurana. Humanitarian Practice Network, November/December, 2006.
By Sue Lautze, Jennifer Leaning, Angela Raven-Roberts, Randolph Kent, Joanna Macrae, and Dyan Mazurana. 2004 (December). Lancet (Special issue on armed conflict and instability).
Mazurana, Dyan and Susan McKay. 2004 (August/September). “Girls in Fighting Forces in Northern Uganda, Sierra Leone, and Mozambique.” Journal of Development Policy and Practice 2,1.
Mazurana, Dyan. 2004 (September). “Where Are the Girls?” Women’s Review of Books (Special issue on women and war).
Mazurana, Dyan. 2004 (September). “The Role of Education in Girls’ Reintegration from Fighting Forces in Africa.” Insights Education (Special issue on education in conflict and post-conflict zones).
By Dyan Mazurana. 2003 (March). Canadian Woman Studies Journal.
Mazurana, Dyan. 2002 (October). “Juana Alicia’s Las Lechugueras/The Women Lettuce Workers.” Meridians: Feminism, Race, Transnationalism 3,1.
Other Major Publications
United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights and the Uganda Human Rights Commission. 2012. “The Dust Has Not Yet Settled” : Victims’ Views on The Right to Remedy and Reparation A Report from the Greater North of … Read More
United Nations. 2007. Report of the Secretary-General on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination and Violence against the Girl Child. United Nations document E/CN.6/2007/2. (Published in Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, and Spanish). Mazurana served as a lead contributing … Read More
Mazurana, Dyan. 2006. Women in Armed Opposition Groups in Africa and the Promotion of International Humanitarian and Human Rights Law. Geneva Call and the Program for the Study of International Organization(s), University of Geneva: Geneva. http://www.icrc.org/eng/resources/documents/misc/women-war-011006.htm
Mazurana, Dyan and Khristopher Carlson. 2006. The Girl Child and Armed Conflict: Recognizing and Addressing Grave Rights Violations of Girls’ Human Rights. United Nations document EMG/DVGC/2006/EP.12. http://www.fasngo.org/assets/files/resources/UN_girl_soldiers.pdf
Mazurana, Dyan and Khristopher Carlson. 2004. From Combat to Community: Women and Girls in Sierra Leone. Women’s Policy Commission, Women Waging Peace: Washington DC and Harvard University. http://www.peacewomen.org/assets/file/Resources/NGO/PartPPGIssueDisp_CombatToCommunty_WomenWagePeace_2004.pdf
Mazurana, Dyan. 2004. Women in Armed Opposition Groups Speak on War, Protection, and Obligations under International Humanitarian and Human Rights Law. Geneva Call and the Program for the Study of International Organization, University of Geneva: Geneva. http://www.genevacall.org/resources/conference-reports/f-conference-reports/2001-2010/gc-2004-29aug-women.pdf
Mazurana, Dyan and Eugenia Piza-Lopez. 2001. Gender and Peace Support Operations: Opportunities and Challenges to Improve Practice. International Alert: London. http://www.giz.de/Themen/en/dokumente/en-international-alert.pdf
Mazurana, Dyan with Eugenia Piza-Lopez. 2002. Gender Mainstreaming in Peace Support Operations: Moving Beyond Rhetoric to Practice. International Alert: London. http://www.peacewomen.org/portal_resources_resource.php?id=128
United Nations. 2002. Report of the Secretary-General on Women, Peace and Security to the United Nations Security Council (UN document S/2002/1154). New York: United Nations. (Published in Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, and Spanish). Mazurana served as a contributing author. … Read More
United Nations. 2002. Women, Peace and Security: Study of the United Nations Secretary-General as Pursuant Security Council Resolution 1325. New York: United Nations. (Published in Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, and Spanish). Mazurana served as a lead author. http://www.un.org/womenwatch/daw/public/eWPS.pdf