This case study on Kenya, researched and written by Mark Bradbury and Michael Kleinman, is the first in a series of publications presenting the findings of a two-year FIC comparative study on the relationship between aid and security in northeastern Kenya and in five provinces of Afghanistan. The overall study has focused in particular on trying to determine the effectiveness of aid in promoting stabilization and security objectives, including by helping to “win hearts and minds” of local populations.
The last few years have witnessed a renewed interest in the export of live animals and meat from Kenya and Ethiopia. In both cases, the private sector has taken the lead in initiating or advocating for the revival of the export business, prompting the respective governments to pay attention to the potentials of livestock trade.
The pastoralist communities in Kenya’s arid lands rely on their livestock for food and income, and basic veterinary care is one of the best ways to protect livestock assets and pastoralist livelihoods in these areas. This report examines the impact of a privatized, community-based veterinary service in the far northeast of Kenya, and focuses on the outcomes of clinical services provided by community-based animal health workers (CAHWs). Fatality rates in herds in treated by CAHWs using medicines from rural pharmacies were significantly lower than in herds where treatments were provided by untrained livestock keepers. The report adds to the substantial body of evidence already collected in Kenya on the impact and financial rationale for CAHW systems. Although many other countries have now legalized these systems and developed national guidelines for CAHW training, Kenya has yet to officially recognize CAHWs and overall, veterinary services in pastoralist areas often remain in the hands of untrained workers and unlicensed drug vendors.
Support to the export of pastoralist livestock from the Horn of Africa is often viewed by aid organizations as a key poverty reduction strategy. Drawing on existing literature and field research in Ethiopia, Kenya and Sudan, this report examines if and how different wealth groups benefit from the export trade. It looks in detail at the household-level economic strategies of different pastoralist wealth groups and their marketing behaviors, and concludes that in terms of poverty reduction, poorer herders benefit least from livestock exports.
By M. Mochabo, O.K. Kitala, P.M. Gathura, P.B. Ogara, W.O. Eregae, T.D. Kaitho, and A. Catley (2006). The Kenya Veterinarian 30 (1), 1-10
By M. Mochabo, O.K. Kitala, P.M. Gathura, P.B. Ogara, W.O. Eregae, T.D. Kaitho, and A. Catley (2006). Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research 73/4, 269-274
By K.O.M. Mochabo, P.M. Kitala, P.B. Gathura, W.O. Ogara, A. Catley, E.M. Eregae, and T.D. Kaitho (2005). Tropical Animal Health and Production 37/3, 187-204
By A. Catley, P. Irungu, K. Simiyu, J. Dadye, W. Mwakio, J. Kiragu, and S.O. Nyamwaro (2002). Medical and Veterinary Entomology 16, 1-12