The data presented and analyzed by the study in three cases-Afghanistan, Kosovo, and Sierra Leone-offers intriguing and provocative look at the wide-ranging security needs of local communities and the uneven extent to which these are understood and responded to by major international institutions.
There is growing agreement that separated children are best cared for in community settings, rather than in institutions. However, even in a community setting, there is a need for standards of care that allow for monitoring of children’s well-being. This is particularly important in countries such as Sierra Leone which is recovering from a brutal civil war and suffering from poverty, malnutrition, and limited access to adequate medical care. Since the civil war ended in Sierra Leone, child fostering—whether informal or facilitated by humanitarian agencies and the government—has become the preferred solution for the estimated 800,000+ orphaned, abandoned, and vulnerable children.
By Susan McKay and Dyan Mazurana. 2004. International Centre for Human Rights and Democratic Development, Montréal, Canada. (Published in English and French)
Carlson, Khristopher and Dyan Mazurana. 2005. “Combatants & Captives: Girls and Young Women in Sierra Leone’s Fighting Forces.” Femmes et Conflits Armés. Réalités, Leçons et Avancement des Politiques. Laval University Press: Quebec. (Published in French).
By Lacey Gale. 2007. Anthropological Quarterly, Vol. 80 no.2: 355-379.
By Lacey Gale. 2006. The International Journal of Sociology of Family, Vol 32, No. 2:273-287.
Mazurana, Dyan and Susan McKay. 2004 (August/September). “Girls in Fighting Forces in Northern Uganda, Sierra Leone, and Mozambique.” Journal of Development Policy and Practice 2,1.
Other Major Publications
Mazurana, Dyan and Khristopher Carlson. 2004. From Combat to Community: Women and Girls in Sierra Leone. Women’s Policy Commission, Women Waging Peace: Washington DC and Harvard University. http://www.peacewomen.org/assets/file/Resources/NGO/PartPPGIssueDisp_CombatToCommunty_WomenWagePeace_2004.pdf