Tufts University and the Feinstein International Center are pleased to announce the publication of a two part review of emergency livestock interventions in Sudan. Livestock production is a crucial livelihood strategy for farmers and pastoralists throughout Sudan, and contributes to a wider economy linked with livestock marketing, livestock products, fodder, water and support services. In Sudan there is a long experience of livestock interventions that predates the development of the international “Livestock Emergency Guidelines and Standards”, including for example provision of veterinary services (vaccination, training of CAHWs), animal fodder, restocking and destocking livestock, etc. Given this wide-ranging history and experience, this study reviewed recent emergency livestock interventions and the introduction of the Livestock Emergency Guidelines and Standards to Sudan.
This study was funded by UKAID under their support to UNEP’s Sudan Integrated Environment Programme.
Part One provides a review of emergency livestock interventions in Sudan, including their recent history in Sudan’s emergency context and the types of livestock projects implemented. Frameworks for funding and response are reviewed, including an analysis of funding trends from 2010 to 2013. This showed that veterinary services and training of CAHWs were the most common activity. During this period, livestock projects were far more likely to target IDPs and returnees, than nomads and pastoralists. Although the interest in targeting pastoralists increased during this time. An analysis of programme funding found that agriculture and income-generating activities combined, generally garnered about three times the funding of all livestock activities together. This first report ends by identifying further opportunities for the humanitarian community to enhance the impact of such programmes on livelihoods.
Part One authored by Merry Fitzpatrick and Helen Young. 2013. Livestock, Livelihoods and Disaster Response: Part One A Review of Livestock Based Livelihood Projects in Sudan. Feinstein International Center, Tufts University, SOS Sahel Sudan, Ministry of Livestock, Fisheries and Rangelands.
Part Two presents three case-studies of emergency livestock programmes in North Darfur, Kassala and Blue Nile States, reviewing the range of livestock interventions, and highlighting examples of innovative programming (demarcation of livestock routes, and peacebuilding linked natural resource conflict). Lessons learned from the case-studies are presented in a final chapter, linked with specific recommendations intended to improve future planning and implementation of livestock emergency response in both Sudan and globally. These include recommendations in relation to diversifying response; increasing coverage; improving assessment and targeting; strengthening impact assessment; and taking into consideration environmental issues.
Part Two authored by Getachew Gebru, Hanan Yousif, Abdelhafiz Mohamed, Belihu Negesse, and Helen Young. 2013. Livestock, Livelihoods and Disaster Response: Part Two Three Case Studies of Livestock Emergency Programmes in Sudan, and Lessons Learned. Feinstein International Center, Tufts University, SOS Sahel Sudan, Ministry of Livestock, Fisheries and Range.