This report explores what has happened to the livestock trade in the greater Darfur region during nine years of conflict, since 2003. Livestock is one of Darfur’s main economic assets and makes a major contribution to Sudan’s national livestock and meat exports. The report documents how Darfur’s livestock trade has been negatively affected by the conflict, contracting in volume and losing competitiveness as trading costs have soared and as the quality of animals brought to the market has deteriorated. Physical market infrastructure has also deteriorated and the region has only one, poorly functioning slaughter-house, although such facilities could play a critical role in stimulating Darfur’s livestock trade and in efficiency gains if livestock no longer had to be trekked on the hoof to Omdurman, especially during the dry season. A positive development, however, has been the flourishing trade in hides and skins in Darfur during the conflict years. The report makes a number of recommendations, first, for immediate action to support the livestock trade in the current environment in Darfur, and second, at a policy and strategic level to support the eventual recovery of Darfur’s economy and to contribute to the national economy.
This report is based on fieldwork carried out across the Darfur region during 2011.
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By Catley, A., Admassu, B., Bekele, G. and Abebe, D. (2013). Published in Disasters, in press. Contact the lead author firstname.lastname@example.org
By Andy Catley and Adrian Cullis (2012). Journal for Humanitarian Studies
Research in Uruzgan suggests that insecurity is largely the result of the failure of governance, which has exacerbated traditional tribal rivalries. While respondents within the international military did report some short-term benefits of aid projects in facilitating interaction with and collecting information from communities, it appears that corruption, tribal politics, and the heavy-handed behavior of international forces neutralized whatever positive effects aid projects might have delivered. Post-2001, a group of tribally affiliated strongmen was seen to have taken advantage of their networks to secure government positions, and then to have used those positions to further consolidate political and economic power and weaken or drive away their rivals, sometimes involving the international forces by labeling their rivals as either Taliban or involved in the narcotics trade. As elsewhere, the Taliban have been adept at taking advantage of the openings provided by grievance and resentment. Similar to the four other provinces included in the study, respondents were highly critical of aid projects, mainly because aid was perceived to be both poorly distributed and highly corrupt, benefitting mainly the dominant powerholders. Uruzgan provided ample evidence of the destabilizing effects of aid projects. Given the characterization of aid projects as monopolized by people who were cruel and unjust, there was skepticism about the extent to which aid projects could contribute to security. In the context of the Dutch handover and the 2014 Transition, the research also raises the question of whether relying on individuals to deliver security is consistent with the professed objective of strengthening the state.
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By Daniel Maxwell, Nicholas Haan, Kirsten Gelsdorf and David Dawe (2012). Global Food Security , Special Edition on the Somalia Famine 2011-2012. (forthcoming)
By Daniel Maxwell and Merry Fitzpatrick (2012). Global Food Security , Special Edition on the Somalia Famine 2011-2012. (forthcoming)
By Daniel Maxwell, John Parker and Heather Stobaugh (2012). World Development Special Edition on “Impacts of Innovative Food Assistance Instruments” (forthcoming)
By Erin Lentz, Christopher Barrett, Miguel Gomez and Daniel Maxwell (2012). World Development , Special Edition on “Impacts of Innovative Food Assistance Instruments”. (forthcoming)
By Daniel Maxwell, Luca Russo and Luca Alinovi (2012). Proceedings of the National Academy of Science , Vol. 109(31), pp. 12321-12325
By Daniel Maxwell and John Parker (2012). Food Security , Vol. 4(1), pp. 25-40.