Keyword Archives: conflict
It is well known in the Darfur region that peoples’ livelihoods have been devastated as a result of the conflict, both as a result of the direct asset-stripping of conflict affected households, but also as a result of the continuous erosion of the livelihood asset base of all groups in Darfur – even those who have not been directly affected by conflict.
Competing livelihoods in the absence of good local governance has led to localized and ultimately devastating conflict over natural resources in Darfur. The lack of comprehensive livelihoods analysis in international peace processes and humanitarian assistance risks entrenching the Darfur conflict even further.
The paper presents a livelihoods conceptual framework that allows an integrated and coherent analysis of livelihoods in Darfur. The Darfur Peace Accord is full of references to livelihoods and the importance of addressing those conditions that hamper sustainable livelihoods for different groups in order to achieve peace and recovery. The paper explains the advantages of a livelihoods analysis in this context, including its capacity to bring together and make manageable complex yet related strands relating to the wider political economy of conflict, its regional dimensions, relevant customary law and institutions, markets and trade etc.
The war and humanitarian crises engulfing northern Uganda are intricately linked with the armed conflict and unrest in eastern Uganda and southern Sudan. As a result of the links between the upheavals in these three areas, a vicious cycle of interlocked armed conflict and insecurity exists across the region. Yet the current policy of key international donor governments, the World Bank, the United Nations, and the African Union of addressing these conflicts in relative isolation may ultimately guarantee that armed conflict continues in the region.
This study uses a livelihood framework to examine and analyze household livelihood strategies across three time periods in six rural villages in Bosnia-Herzegovina. The three time periods examined are the ending of the Cold War (1989), the height of the conflict, and late 2004. The study focuses on the ways in which households adapted their livelihood strategies to respond to drastic changes in access to assets, shifts in coping strategies, and the resulting livelihood outcomes as they experienced changes in their political, social, and economic environment.
Through a livelihoods lens: a case study on the impact of humanitarian assistance in Bosnia-Herzegovina
By Elizabeth Stites and Sue Lautze. London: Overseas Development Institute, HPG Background Paper, July 2005.
By Dyan Mazurana, Angela Raven-Roberts, and Jane Parpart (eds.). 2005. Rowman & Littlefield: Oxford & Boulder.
By Sue Lautze, Jennifer Leaning, Angela Raven-Roberts, Randolph Kent, Joanna Macrae, and Dyan Mazurana. 2004 (December). Lancet (Special issue on armed conflict and instability).
Where are the Girls? Girls in Fighting Forces in Northern Uganda, Sierra Leone, and Mozambique: Their Lives During and After War
By Susan McKay and Dyan Mazurana. 2004. International Centre for Human Rights and Democratic Development, Montréal, Canada. (Published in English and French)
By Dyan Mazurana. 2003 (March). Canadian Woman Studies Journal.