Keyword Archives: food security
This final report covers the last round of the participatory impact assessment conducted in Tsaeda Amba Woreda in Eastern Tigray in July 2010, and summarizes findings from both rounds of the household survey. These results demonstrate the impact of the drought and the high price of food in 2008 and 2009. Results also demonstrate the impact of ACRP in terms of capacity building, establishing and consolidating Community Disaster Preparedness Committee and mainstreaming Disaster Risk Reduction into on-going programs.
Based on data collected in January 2010 through focus groups and household-level interviews in Tsaeda Amba woreda, this assessment depicts the breadth of institutional constraints to risk reduction and livelihood security. Major areas of findings include access to land and natural resources, credit and the risks of default, and traditional practices and institutions. While a participatory baseline assessment, published in December 2009, focused mostly on forms of covariate risk and the measures proposed the ACRP to address them, this second report highlights more idiosyncratic forms of risk.
This report provides information on baseline conditions at the household level and at the level of Kebele Disaster Preparedness – the institutions whose task it is to manage risk at the local level. It also provides as assessment of risks and hazards as perceived by local communities and their leaders. The report concludes with some recommendations to ACRP managers. This is the first of three reports under this research program.
Nutrition and mortality indicators have long been used to guide decision-makers in humanitarian and development programmes. This study provides guidance to IPC practitioners on the significance and use of nutrition and mortality indicators for the classification of different food security phases. The study is based on an in-depth literature review, combined with a two‐day technical consultation held in Rome in July 2009, attended by 33 experts representing 18 agencies and institutions, who reviewed the draft document and provided valuable feedback.
This study examined community participation throughout the food aid program cycle to understand the role of recipient communities in the targeting of food assistance under the conflict conditions in Darfur – one of the largest food aid programs in the world. The Darfur conflict is now in its sixth year, and has drawn in a complex web of local, national, and transnational interests, which play out in different types of inter-connected conflict throughout the region. From the start of the conflict in 2003, protection threats and restricted access have been major challenges to the humanitarian community.
This study examined community participation throughout the food aid program cycle to understand the role of recipient communities in the targeting of food assistance under the conflict conditions in Somalia, a country that has not had a central government since the fall of the President Siad Barre in 1991.
Can community-based approaches to the targeting of humanitarian assistance in complex emergencies improve participation and reduce targeting error? Although the literature suggests that community-based targeting works best in slow-onset emergencies with no conflict or displacement, participatory approaches to targeting assistance have been attempted in complex emergencies.
The population of Southern Sudan was caught in a civil war from 1983 to 2005. During the war, several major famines led to a massive food aid intervention by the World Food Programme – intervention that continues to the present. Much of this food was delivered to vulnerable people by air drops, with the actual targeting of assistance on the ground left to local leaders and traditional authorities. The main objective of targeting was to minimize exclusion.
Measuring Food Insecurity: Can an Indicator Based on Localized Coping Behaviors be Used to Compare Across Contexts?
By Daniel Maxwell, Richard Caldwell and Mark Langworthy (2008). Food Policy Vol.33(6) 533-540.
By Daniel Maxwell, Kate Sadler, Amanda Sim, Mercy Mutonyi, Rebecca Egan and Mackinnon Webster. 2008. Humanitarian Practice Network, Good Practice Review Number 10. London: Overseas Development Institute.