Keyword Archives: literature review
In the disaster context emphasis has been generally placed on the initial humanitarian and emergency response. However, recently there has been an increasing recognition of the importance and value of disaster risk reduction (DRR) programming. This comes from the understanding that though humanitarian efforts are important and required in the aftermath of a disaster, a comprehensive view of risk and vulnerability are important elements in preventing, reducing and mitigating the negative impacts of shocks on lives and livelihoods.
This literature review is one component of the first phase of the project. Broad themes investigated in the review include: The epidemiology and causes of malnutrition in children in pastoralist communities; including debate on how we measure malnutrition in these communities; The role of milk and milk products in the diets of pastoralists and the critical contribution it makes to improving dietary quality for women and young children; and key interventions that have aimed to improve access to human and animal milk in pastoralist regions and their impact on the nutritional status of children.
This review summarizes current thinking on impact assessment in humanitarian assistance, and considers how recent field based initiatives have addressed some of the key issues and challenges facing impact assessment in the sector.
By Susanne Jaspars, Sorcha O’Callaghan and Elizabeth Stites. London: Overseas Development Organization, HPG Working Paper, December 2007.