Keyword Archives: nutrition
By Eileen Kennedy, Patrick Webb, Peter Walker, Edward Saltzman, Daniel Maxwell, Miriam Nelson and Sarah Booth (2011). Food and Nutrition Bulletin , Vol. 31(1), pp. 60-68.
Households in the Karamoja region of northeastern Uganda have seen a precipitous drop in access to and availability of animal milk in recent years. The declining milk supply affects livelihoods, food security, and markets, but has the greatest impact on the diets and nutrition of young children.
Bangladesh has the fourth-highest number of children – around 600,000 at any one time – suffering from severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in the world. Currently, ongoing national programs (such as the National Nutrition Program) do not include an effective mechanism of identifying or treating young children who suffer from SAM. This prospective cohort study examined the effectiveness and feasibility of adding the diagnosis and treatment of SAM to the community case management package delivered by community health workers outside health facilities in Barisal, Bangladesh.
Calls have been made recently for new approaches to the design and implementation of interventions aimed at achieving household food security; approaches that address more than just food availability by integrating actions enhancing food access and utilization as well. But what exactly should be ‘integrated’ and how? This report represents a lessons learned assessment of an integrated agriculture, nutrition, and health intervention implemented in Malawi in the late 1990s and early 2000s. The review contributes to the ongoing international search for best practices in programming for food security.
Sadler, K., Kerven, C., Calo, M., Manske, M. and Catley, A. (2010). Pastoralism 1(2), 291-324
This report is the outcome of the first phase of Milk Matters. We find that the demand for and perceived benefit of animal milk for young children is high and that, when it is available, it makes a large contribution to the dietary intake of young children in study communities.
Nutrition and mortality indicators have long been used to guide decision-makers in humanitarian and development programmes. This study provides guidance to IPC practitioners on the significance and use of nutrition and mortality indicators for the classification of different food security phases. The study is based on an in-depth literature review, combined with a two‐day technical consultation held in Rome in July 2009, attended by 33 experts representing 18 agencies and institutions, who reviewed the draft document and provided valuable feedback.
This study examined community participation throughout the food aid program cycle to understand the role of recipient communities in the targeting of food assistance under the conflict conditions in Darfur – one of the largest food aid programs in the world. The Darfur conflict is now in its sixth year, and has drawn in a complex web of local, national, and transnational interests, which play out in different types of inter-connected conflict throughout the region. From the start of the conflict in 2003, protection threats and restricted access have been major challenges to the humanitarian community.
This literature review is one component of the first phase of the project. Broad themes investigated in the review include: The epidemiology and causes of malnutrition in children in pastoralist communities; including debate on how we measure malnutrition in these communities; The role of milk and milk products in the diets of pastoralists and the critical contribution it makes to improving dietary quality for women and young children; and key interventions that have aimed to improve access to human and animal milk in pastoralist regions and their impact on the nutritional status of children.
Presentation slides for the Livelihoods, Power and Choice project findings.