Keyword Archives: pastoralism
The pastoralists of Shinile Zone in the Somali Region of Ethiopia experience multiple livelihoods challenges and various types of conflict.
Sadler, K., Kerven, C., Calo, M., Manske, M. and Catley, A. (2010). Pastoralism 1(2), 291-324
The pastoralist communities in Kenya’s arid lands rely on their livestock for food and income, and basic veterinary care is one of the best ways to protect livestock assets and pastoralist livelihoods in these areas. This report examines the impact of a privatized, community-based veterinary service in the far northeast of Kenya, and focuses on the outcomes of clinical services provided by community-based animal health workers (CAHWs). Fatality rates in herds in treated by CAHWs using medicines from rural pharmacies were significantly lower than in herds where treatments were provided by untrained livestock keepers. The report adds to the substantial body of evidence already collected in Kenya on the impact and financial rationale for CAHW systems. Although many other countries have now legalized these systems and developed national guidelines for CAHW training, Kenya has yet to officially recognize CAHWs and overall, veterinary services in pastoralist areas often remain in the hands of untrained workers and unlicensed drug vendors.
Support to the export of pastoralist livestock from the Horn of Africa is often viewed by aid organizations as a key poverty reduction strategy. Drawing on existing literature and field research in Ethiopia, Kenya and Sudan, this report examines if and how different wealth groups benefit from the export trade. It looks in detail at the household-level economic strategies of different pastoralist wealth groups and their marketing behaviors, and concludes that in terms of poverty reduction, poorer herders benefit least from livestock exports.
MicroLINKS, a microenterprise knowledge sharing website funded by USAID, recently featured an interview with Research Director for Policy Process Andrew Catley. Watch the screencast (requires Flash Player) at MicroLINKS.
This report is the outcome of the first phase of Milk Matters. We find that the demand for and perceived benefit of animal milk for young children is high and that, when it is available, it makes a large contribution to the dietary intake of young children in study communities.
This literature review is one component of the first phase of the project. Broad themes investigated in the review include: The epidemiology and causes of malnutrition in children in pastoralist communities; including debate on how we measure malnutrition in these communities; The role of milk and milk products in the diets of pastoralists and the critical contribution it makes to improving dietary quality for women and young children; and key interventions that have aimed to improve access to human and animal milk in pastoralist regions and their impact on the nutritional status of children.
Presentation slides for the Livelihoods, Power and Choice project findings.
By M. Barasa, A. Catley, D. Machuchu, H. Laqua, E. Puot, D. Tap Kot, and D. Ikiror (2008). Transboundary and Emerging Diseases 55, 339-351