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Continuing with this year’s new faculty feature, let’s read about the most recent research and professional activities of Fletcher’s professors.
Dyan Mazurana, Associate Research Professor, Research Director at the Feinstein International Center at the Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy
Along with Fletcher doctoral candidate Phoebe Donnelly, I recently published the international report “Stopping Sexual Assault Against Humanitarian and Development Aid Workers,” which has been influencing international discussions in countries around the world. In the last few months, Phoebe and I have appeared in numerous media outlets, including: the Associated Press, BBC NewsNight, BBC 2 News, BBC News Channel, BBC Online, BBC Radio 5 Live, Belgium Public Television, Canadian Broadcast Corporation, CNN, Devex, France Television 24, The Guardian, International Public Radio, Fox News, Morning Wave Radio in Busan South Korea, NBC, Tufts Now, and more. I have been consulted by numerous UN agencies and international NGOs providing humanitarian aid on this topic and am now serving as an External Expert for the UK’s Department for International Development on their work to strengthen safeguarding internally and with their partners.
I am also leading an international team of researchers working with lawyers representing over 2,000 victims in the Prosecutor V. Ongwen case currently before the International Criminal Court, at the Hague. My team and I have been tasked to interview the victims to document they harms they and their households have allegedly suffered due to being a victim of one of three massacres the Lord’s Resistance Commander Dominic Ongwen is alleged to have ordered and participated in northern Uganda. Our report’s findings cover a range of serious crimes, mental and physical health, food security, nutrition, education, livelihoods, and access to education, health care and water. The findings will be presented by the team before the International Criminal Court in April 2018, where lawyers for the victims will argue the findings should influence the sentencing of Ongwen and reparations ordered by the court. I have been carrying out research in northern Uganda since 2001.
Abiodun Williams, Professor of the Practice of International Politics
My new co-edited book The UN Secretary-General and the Security Council was recently published by Oxford University Press.
Patrick Schena, Adjunct Assistant Professor of International Business
The focus of my research bridges issues of global finance and public policy. Most recently, a significant component of that work has involved sovereign and public investment funds. Currently, my specific interest is on public funds that have a discrete mandate to invest in the national development and transformation of their home economies (often referred to as sovereign development or strategic investment funds). My engagement includes both my own research and writing, as well as cooperating with multilateral (e.g. The World Bank) and transnational (e.g. the International Forum of Sovereign Wealth Funds (IFSWF)) institutions on research projects and workshops in this area. My recent publications on this theme include a co-authored article published in March 2017 in World Economics, a law review article published in Vol 4 (December, 2017) of the Wake Forest Law Review, and two forthcoming co-authored articles to appear respectively in Global Policy and the Harvard International Review. I am also currently organizing a member workshop of the IFSWF in cooperation with the World Bank planned for June 2018 on focused sovereign funds and sustainable development. My near-term projects extend the scope of this research agenda into the role of sovereign and public funds as responsible, long-term investors.
Rockford “Rocky” Weitz, Professor of Practice, Entrepreneur Coach, and Director of the Fletcher Maritime Studies Program
My research focuses on the public-private dimensions of maritime security. Using The Fletcher School’s strength as an interdisciplinary research institution, I focus my energy on finding lessons from the private sector that can influence better public policy decisions and analyze challenges where the public and private spheres intersect. An example of this is a forthcoming monograph on the lessons the U.S. Navy can learn from the private sector on retaining high-quality talent. The Fletcher Maritime Studies Program fosters this interdisciplinary engagement among our students through experiential learning. We sponsored 35 students and alumni to attend the annual Arctic Circle Assembly in Reykjavik, Iceland in October and bring in guest lecturers for our Global Maritime Affairs and Maritime Security courses. We also expand our reach outside of academia. I have been a frequent contributor on maritime issues with Asia Times and China Global Television Network. Our students and staff are also publishing, including op-eds in hometown newspapers in Portland, Maine and southern New Jersey.
Diana Chigas, Professor of Practice of International Negotiation and Conflict Resolution
and Cheyanne Scharbatke-Church, Professor of Practice in Human Security
Our current joint research focuses on understanding corruption in the criminal justice sector in fragile and conflict-affected states and finding new approaches to combating corruption effectively. We are particularly interested in the use of systems thinking for analyzing corruption, understanding the role of social norms in sustaining corruption, and integrating this learning into policy and practice. To develop a new analytic methodology, the project tested the systems-based approach in DRC, Uganda and Central African Republic. The first version of the resulting analysis methodology is also available complete with interview guides and meeting agendas.
We are currently working on pieces on how to address social norms to fight corruption in fragile and conflict-affected states, and on the connection of corruption to peacebuilding. We host a learning-focused blog series at the Institute for Human Security to challenge status quo thinking and foster a space for conversation between actors working in the field of anti-corruption in fragile states. Diana is traveling to Berlin in April to share our research as part of a lab sponsored by the U4 Anti-Corruption Resource Center in Norway to design innovative experiments that can help advance the anti-corruption agenda. Cheyanne will be in Ottawa at Global Affairs Canada in April presenting the methodology as part of a wider training of civil servants on conflict and fragility.
David Wirth, Visiting Professor of International Law
Throughout this year, I have written and shared the results of my research widely.
In addition to publications and speaking opportunities, here are some recent media contributions:
Referenced in Anna Dubenko, “Right and Left React to the Paris Climate Agreement News,” The New York Times.
“Fulbright Scholar on Working and Living in Moscow,” Faculty of Law, National Research University Higher School of Economics website.
If you’re ever visiting Fletcher’s Ginn Library and you’d like to see something a little different than books, desks, and hard-working students, swing over to the Fletcher Perspectives Gallery. There you’ll find a collection of student photography from travels near and far.
If you’re not going to be on campus or in the library any time soon, all of the photos, going back to 2016, can be found on the Perspectives website.
Tagged with: Ginn Library
A quick return to the topics submitted by Admissions Blog readers on the survey. Today, I’ll answer a two-part question.
Part One: “I’d like to hear more about the MALD-JD dual degrees.”
There’s pretty complete information on all the dual degrees on the website. As you’ll see, our two official dual-law-degree relationships are with Harvard Law School and Boalt Hall at UC-Berkeley. If you scroll down on the page, you’ll also see the explanation of how to arrange an ad hoc dual degree. With the JD required for anyone wishing to practice law in the U.S., and with only two official partners, a good number of our MALD-JD students have put together their own programs at other law schools. It’s totally doable! But getting the maximum benefit of doing the two degrees together (that is, reducing five years of study to four) requires that the law school accept four Fletcher credits. There are many that will accept transfer/dual-degree credits, but some schools simply insist on students pursuing all their coursework at that school. Check with their admissions office or registrar for details.
Part Two: “I’d also love to hear about students who have gone on to get a PhD at Fletcher after the MALD.”
Once again, I’m going to let the website do the talking. The Student Profiles page includes both MALD-to-PhD students and direct-entry students. Among the former MALDs are:
Ana de Alba, Shahla Al Kli, Neha Ansari, Deborshi Barat, Prisca Benelli, Sarah Detzner, Matthew Herbert, Roxanne Krystalli, Phoebe Donnelly, Torrey Taussig, Andrea Walther-Puri, Jamilah Welch
The key must-do points for students in the MALD (or MIB) program who wish to move on to the PhD are:
- Maintain a GPA of 3.6 or higher.
- Complete a traditional academic thesis to fulfill the Capstone Project requirement.
- Establish strong relationships with members of the faculty who can write your recommendation letters, will agree to serve as your academic advisor, and may chair or serve on your dissertation committee.
Only three simple points, but all of them require effort. It’s also helpful to attend the information session on applying to the PhD program that is offered every fall.
And those are the basics on the MALD-JD and on getting a PhD at Fletcher!
Tagged with: Dual Degrees
I continue to welcome blog topic suggestions via the two-question survey, and even as I do, I’m working on writing posts in response. Recently a reader asked about post-Fletcher jobs. The question was specifically about the LLM program, but I want to point out a few resources that would be useful for anyone.
First, there are reports on both full-time employment and summer internships on the website of the Office of Career Services (OCS). When you’re on the employment report pages, click on the sectors that interest you for specific employer information. The online reports compile data from 2011-2016. More recent data from the class of 2017 will, I’m sure, be available soon.
The list of hiring organizations for LLM graduates overlaps significantly with those for the MALD or other programs, except for the many law firms, which are definitely over-represented relative to MALD/MIB/MA employers. I heard today that there are several additional LLM employers that will be added to the online list: United Nations Global Compact; United Nations (Associate Political Affairs Officer on Human Rights); HSBC (Financial Crime Risk); U.S. Navy Judge Advocate General Corps; Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Korea; and Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan.
I’d also like to remind you of the narrative job reports provided by alumni in the blog. Check out the updates by alumni five years post-Fletcher and one year after graduation. Several reports from the classes of 2013 and 2017 are sitting in my inbox, just waiting for me to have a chance to publish them, which I’ll try to do very soon.
And, last, a brief summary of how OCS works with students. During students’ first semester, they participate in the OCS Professional Development Program which sets them up well for the internship search or (in the case of one-year programs) job search that will start soon after PDP concludes. The role of OCS is as a partner for students in their career exploration and job search. That is, Fletcher doesn’t place students in internships or jobs, but working with OCS helps students identify opportunities. Ideally, students keep their professional objectives in mind as they plan out each semester and academic year. Classes that link to several career directions are suggested here. I don’t write nearly enough about OCS in the blog, but there’s still a handful of posts that cover key topics. Scroll back far enough and you’ll find four posts from the sector coaches at OCS in 2010 that are still largely relevant.
In a professional school with a multidisciplinary curriculum, it’s no surprise that the away-from-Fletcher activities of the faculty take different forms. Though there’s certainly a common thread of research and writing, the research could be quantitative or qualitative, in the field or from a desk, and the media through which they publish will vary. This is the fourth post in which we’ll highlight Fletcher professors’ current activities.
My recent work focuses on communications security and privacy, and my new book, Listening In: Cybersecurity in an Insecure Age, was just published by Yale University Press. I am participating in a National Academies study on encryption tradeoffs, am a member of the Forum on Cyber Resilience, a National Academies roundtable, and recently served on a National Academies study on bulk signals intelligence collection, Bulk Collection of Signals Intelligence: Technical Options. I have been a senior staff Privacy Analyst at Google, a Distinguished Engineer at Sun Microsystems, and a faculty member at Worcester Polytechnic Institute, the University of Massachusetts Amherst, and Wesleyan University.
(Professor Landau was inducted into the Cybersecurity Hall of Fame in 2015, was a 2012 Guggenheim fellow, a 2010-2011 fellow at the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, and received the 2008 Women of Vision Social Impact Award. She is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and the Association for Computing Machinery. She is also Visiting Professor in Computer Science, University College London.)
Hurst Hannum, Professor of International Law
I am on sabbatical leave in 2017-18, split between Washington, DC, and the Bonavero Instutite of Human Rights at the University of Oxford, during which time I will complete a book on the future of human rights, to be published in 2019 by Cambridge University Press. My latest publications are the 6th edition of my co-authored International Human Rights: Problems of Law, Practice, and Policy (Aspen 2017); “Reinvigorating Human Rights for the Twenty-first Century,” 16 Human Rights Law Review 409 (2016); “Sovereignty, Self-Determination, and Autonomy,” in The United States, China, and International Law (Jacques de Lisle and William Burke-White eds., forthcoming Oxford University Press 2018); and “Human Rights,” in The Oxford Handbook on International Law in Asia and the Pacific (Simon Chesterman and Ben Saul eds., forthcoming OUP 2018).
Avery Cohn, William R. Moomaw Assistant Professor of International Environment and Resource Policy
All of my work focuses on global environmental change and what people can do to confront it and cope with it. I’m currently involved in three main research themes. The first investigates the business case for protecting tropical ecosystems, given that these ecosystems regulate the local climate and therefore are important for agricultural productivity. Initially, our focus is the world’s largest agricultural frontier — the Southern fringes of the Brazilian Amazon basin. The work involves close collaboration with a coalition of businesses and NGOs working to find sustainable pathways for agricultural development in the tropics. The second theme identifies the ingredients of scalable forest governance. Here, I’m finding and analyzing cases of how public and private interests have cooperated to help forests achieve their potential. Finally, I’m quantifying societal costs of climate change and how people can adapt to this emerging threat. On this theme, I have been constructing profiles of resilient urban and rural households in sub-Saharan Africa, drawing on evidence from detailed agricultural surveys combined with remotely sensed indicators of climate, the environment, and infrastructure. All of these projects are team affairs, involving many students and other collaborators from Fletcher, Tufts, and beyond. Have a look here.
Once upon of time, The Fletcher Forum was Fletcher’s premiere print publication — our twice-yearly journal of international affairs. These days, The Forum is still Fletcher’s premiere print publication, but with a robust online presence. And just last week, the editors of The Forum contacted me to share this news.
Some of you may already be aware of The Fletcher Forum, the student-managed journal of international affairs published at Fletcher since 1976. This year’s editorial team has made a major effort to expand The Forum’s digital media offerings, and we’re happy to highlight the release of the first episode of The Fletcher Forum podcast. You can find it here or (soon) in iTunes.
This short episode features a behind-the-scenes roundtable with some of the managing editors discussing the production of The Forum’s winter edition, which focused on “dueling narratives and the global battle for truth.” Released in January, the winter issue features analytical articles from expert contributors as well as interviews with guests such as Lord Michael Dobbs, author of House of Cards. You can read that interview online and hear more about the conversation on the podcast. Have a listen, and keep an eye out for future episodes.
Why launch a podcast? These comments from the editorial staff shed light on the question.
Colin Steele, F18, Managing Editor for Digital Affairs: “Podcasts are a popular medium for many of us and our peers, and the format allows us to tell new kinds of stories in new ways. Most of all, they’re a lot of fun to produce.”
Maria Selde, F18, Editor-in-Chief: “Digital media has been a big emphasis for us this year, and podcasting has been an important part of that effort. I’m proud of our team for bringing this new project to life.”
Maria Ory, F19, Producer: “Producing this podcast was a great way for me to build on my previous work experience and support The Forum‘s digital development. I’m looking forward to continuing this project through the rest of the spring and into next year.”
The Forum invites participation from incoming students each fall. With print, web-based, and podcast content, there are ample opportunities for students with a range of interests to get involved.
Tagged with: Fletcher Forum
My request for suggestions last week yielded one that follows neatly on Friday’s post. A blog reader asked about opportunities to audit or take language courses while at Fletcher. The reader specifically asked about taking courses in a third language (in addition to the testing language and native language), but my answer about the policy would pertain to anyone, including folks who want to brush up before taking the language exam.
The answer is that YES, students definitely have the opportunity to take or audit classes. MALD and MIB students can take two language classes for credit, following a simple request process. A good number of students will go that route, particularly if the language is key to their future career goals. Language courses can be taken at Tufts (super convenient!) or Harvard (not as convenient, but doable if you’re committed to it). Tufts currently offers classes in Arabic, Chinese, French, German, Hebrew, Italian, Japanese, Portuguese, Russian, and Spanish.
Auditing language classes is the route more commonly chosen. The terms of the audit will be up to the instructor and some will ask for a significant investment of time — definitely something to discuss at the outset. The advantage of auditing is that you don’t need to use a Fletcher credit for a language class. While a student who tested in French but still wants to develop Arabic skills would see value in using a course credit to do so, most of our students arrive with language skills and would prefer to focus their course selections on the Fletcher curriculum.
Keep sending me suggestions via the survey and I’ll do my best to answer!
Tagged with: Language requirement
Every now and then I like to share some Fletcher news that stood out to me but that may not have crossed your inbox. This is the February/March installment.
Just this past weekend, Miranda Bogen, F16, spoke to the NPR program “On the Media” on why Google shows different maps to different countries.
Professor Monica Toft discussed the establishment of the new Center for Strategic Studies.
Professor Avery Cohn co-authored an article on how climate change will affect agriculture and nutrition.
Also in the environment realm, the Center for International Environment and Resource Policy recently signed an agreement with the Woods Hole Research Center to support Paris Climate Agreement goals.
And, last for today, current first-year MALD student Nicholas Glavin was interviewed by the BBC regarding the capture of British Islamic State militants.
In an annual personal trial, I have collected information on a month’s events, as many as I could track down, knowing that still other opportunities may have passed students’ way. I did a pretty comprehensive round-up for February 2017 and for March 2016. Having decided to do the same this year, I recalled that compiling the previous years’ lists was a surprising amount of work, and all month I chided myself for not working on the 2018 edition bit-by-bit. I ultimately sat down last week to a mess of email notices that finally defeated me. Rather than abandon the idea, I thought I would narrow the scope to highlight a few features of February’s events. (You’ll note that it’s already March — clearly I have not achieved my goals on this one.)
Fletcher students often say that there is more going on here than they can possibly take advantage of. In that regard, let me first point you to one of the busiest lunch hours of the month. On Monday and Wednesday, there are no classes from 12:30 to 1:30, which can result in a tantalizing array of choices. For Monday, February 26, these were the options:
The IBGC (International Business in the Global Context) Speaker Series hosted lunch and a talk entitled, “Disruption or Innovation: How Global Banks are Positioning for the Future,” by Mariya Rosberg, F04, partner at Oliver Wyman.
The International Security Studies Program and the Center for Strategic Studies presented a lunch lecture by Major John Spencer, Deputy Director of the Modern War Institute and Co-Director of the Urban Warfare Project, who spoke on, “If warfare has moved into cities, why is the military not preparing?”
The Fletcher Initiative on Religion, Law and Diplomacy and the Fares Center presented lunch and discussion with Dr. Aykan Erdemir, Senior Fellow at the Foundation for Defense of Democracies and former member of the Turkish Parliament (2011-2015). He spoke on “Bridging the Bonded: Faith, Politics, and Diplomacy in a Polarized Age.”
The Russia and Eurasia Program invited the community to lunch and a roundtable discussion on Russian public diplomacy with another alumnus, Alex Dolinskiy, F09, one of the pioneers in developing the concept of public diplomacy in Russia.
And, finally, the Center for International Environment and Resource Policy hosted lunch and a research discussion with Rich Swanson, who spoke on “Energy for Africa, Prioritizing Investments Under Climate Change.”
I suppose that lunch was the reward for making the choice of which event to attend.
The second aspect of the busy month that I’ll highlight is the range of student-organized activities. Starting on the 8th with a Tech@Fletcher happy hour (“Come to chat intersection of tech and [insert any topic here]… or for the free apps!”) we then returned the following Monday to “Random Acts of Kindness” week.
February must inspire creativity, because on the 14th, the Japan Club organized an Origami Workshop, along with Japanese snacks.
And creative expressions were not limited to crafts. On the 15th, students presented, “A Memory, A Monologue, A Rant and a Prayer; Writings to End Violence Against Women & Girls,” an anthology featuring monologues from several authors and playwrights that explore violence on all levels.
For those who prefer sports to the arts, there were two Fletcher Futbol games, on the 16th and the 25th.
And returning to more traditional offerings, on the 16th, the International Law Society presented a Student Law Panel, featuring Fletcher students.
There were plenty of other student-organized events, but I’ll close out the post by pointing you toward the Fletcher calendar. Not every event is included, but poke around and you’ll get a sense of the scope of conferences, lectures, club meetings, and luncheons that take place each month.
Today I’d like to share the second installment of Faculty Facts. As I put together these summaries of research and professional activities, I’ll continue to try to show the breadth of professors’ interests by profiling representatives of various fields in each post. In a professional school with a multidisciplinary curriculum, the range of activities is especially broad. In case you missed it, the first Faculty Facts post appeared last week.
Tom Dannenbaum, Assistant Professor of International Law
I have recently completed a book on the criminalization of aggression, which will come out in the next few months. The book argues that the revival of the crime has more significant implications for soldiers on either side of such wars than has thus far been appreciated. It builds on a recent article, Why Have We Criminalized Aggressive War?, which provides an account of the criminal wrongfulness of aggression, and which was awarded the Lieber Prize by the American Society of International Law. Moving forward, I am working on several projects, including a piece on the legitimacy of the International Criminal Court, a piece on the law and ethics of medical care in armed conflict, and a theory of war crimes.
Monica Duffy Toft, Professor of International Politics
I continue to research the role of religion in global politics and the onset of large-scale violence. I am finishing a book on demography and national security and beginning a major project on U.S. military interventions.
Ayesha Jalal, Mary Richardson Professor of History at Tufts University
I am working on a new project tentatively entitled “Islamic Universalism, Liberalism and the Age of Empire” that probes Muslim responses to liberal values and thought projected by Western empires, most notably the British in India as well as in West and South East Asia. This builds on my most recent research and writing examining the inter-connectivities, and especially the intellectual, cultural and political exchanges, between the Indus-Gangetic plain and the wide world of Islam on the Indian Ocean Rim, which is being brought out as a jointly edited volume called Islam is the Ocean.
My purpose in conducting this inquiry is to assess the validity of the claim — initially made by Orientalist scholars, often linked with colonial administrations in different parts of Asia but which since has been accepted as something of an academic “orthodoxy” — that Muslims cannot be liberal in the true sense of the word because of the limitations imposed on their thinking by the imperatives of their faith. In addition to subjecting the concept of liberalism to rigorous historical and intellectual scrutiny with a view to questioning its exclusively Western trajectory, I am in the process of tracing debates during the late 19th and early 20th centuries in which Muslims, operating at a transnational level, took the initiative of challenging Western writers and policymakers who portrayed the Faithful as averse to reform and progress. In subsequent phases of the research, I will be looking at the impact of the post-WWII international system based on modern nation-states in molding conceptions of “liberal” thinking in the Muslim world during the Cold War and the post-Cold War periods. In sum, this project addresses many of the key issues discussed in the contemporary debate on Muslims and liberalism by offering an analytically focused, sharply critical and historically grounded perspective.
John Shattuck, Professor of Practice in Diplomacy
I am on leave from Fletcher this semester and I’m serving as a Visiting Scholar at the Institute of International Studies, University of California, Berkeley, where I am engaged in a comparative research and writing project on illiberal governance and democratic resilience in the U.S. and Europe. My research on democratic resilience in the U.S. will be issued this spring as a report by the Carr Center for Human Rights Policy, where I am a Senior Fellow. I delivered the keynote address, “The Crisis of Democracy in the U.S. and Europe,” at the Genron Institute international conference on challenges to democracy in Tokyo in November; and will be a keynote speaker this spring at conferences at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, Georgetown University, Harvard Law School, and Brandeis University. I chair the international advisory board of the Center on Ethics, Justice and Public Life at Brandeis University.
I’ve recently published two research papers, and a third is forthcoming.
“How Resilient is Liberal Democracy in the US?,” published by the Carr Center for Human Rights Policy, Harvard Kennedy School, February 15, 2018
“Democracy and Illiberal Governance,” The American Prospect, August 29, 2017
“Will Democracy in America Survive Donald Trump?,” forthcoming from The American Prospect, March/April 2018
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