Human factors and ergonomics are the studies that analyze “human capabilities, limitations, requirements and expectations in the design of products, workplaces and work systems” (Sutton, 2015). People who work in this field perform studies and do research in order to reduce human error and increase safety. Human factors is an interdisciplinary field, “viewed from the unified perspective of the science, engineering, design, technology, and management of human-compatible systems” (Salvendy, 2012). These contributing perspectives are shown in Figure 1 below.
As a junior majoring in cognitive and brain sciences, I have studied many things related to human factors without realizing it. I am very excited to finally be taking a class solely dedicated to engineering psychology. My interest in this field began when I was abroad this fall in Barcelona. I did a project on The Hospital de Sant Pau and learned about how it worked well as a hospital because of its design. The architect included many windows and green spaces because “access to nature reduces stress associated with the typical clinical environment and has a positive healing effect on patients” (“Hospital Plants Green ‘Healing’ Roof,” 2011). After learning this, I began to do more research on design of workplaces and other environments. Here is a link to a virtual tour of the hospital: https://www.santpaubarcelona.org/en/virtual-visit it is a very interesting and innovative place.
With this blog I will talk about human factors in ergonomics in relation to home design. I plan to analyze room layout, colors, furniture, and other design components.
“Hospital Plants Green ‘Healing’ Roof.”Green Places, no. 72, 2011.
Salvendy, Gavriel. Handbook of Human Factors and Ergonomics. 4th ed., John Wiley & Sons Inc., 2012.
Sutton Ian. “Human Factors and Ergonomics.” Plant Design and Operations, Elsevier, 2015.