At the end of its transition period, Burundi faces many issues that can undermine the peace process. This study tries to evaluate the impact of INGOs and the CSOs (civil society organizations) in Burundi and is based on field research conducted in the Great Lakes region – Uganda, Kenya, and especially Burundi- during the months of April and May 2004. Findings on the numbers and types of active INGOs and civil society organizations in Burundi was used to research the impact that these organizations had on the peace process and how they influenced the political process. It was concluded that the impact of INGOs and civil organizations on the peace process was rather limited. As a result of the findings, the author specifically formulates recommendations that can strengthen the action and the policy orientations of these organisations’ activities.