Julie Schaffner is Adjunct Professor of Development Economics in the Fletcher School at Tufts University and the author of Development Economics:  Theory, Empirical Research, and Policy Analysis (Wiley, 2014). Her research relates to labor markets and poverty dynamics in developing countries, and to program evaluation.  Her teaching emphasizes the skills required for rigorous, evidence-based work in poverty reduction and development.  In 2008 and 2016 she received the Fletcher School’s James L. Paddock Teaching Award.   Before coming to the Fletcher School, she served as Assistant Professor in the Department of Economics, and Deputy Director of the Center for Research on Economic Development and Policy Reform, at Stanford University. She received her Ph.D. in Economics from Yale University.