Saturday, 23 of June of 2018

RDF tools for the archivist

This posting lists various tools for archivists and computer technologists wanting to participate in various aspects of linked data. Here you will find pointers to creating, editing, storing, publishing, and searching linked data. It is a part of yet-to-be published LiAM Guidebook.


The sites listed in this section enumerate linked data and RDF tools. They are jumping off places to other sites:

RDF converters, validators, etc.

Use these tools to create RDF:

  • ead2rdf ( – This is the XST stylesheet previously used by the Archives Hub in their LOCAH Linked Archives Hub project. It transforms EAD files into RDF/XML. A slightly modified version of this stylesheet was used to create the LiAM “sandbox”.
  • Protégé ( – Install this well-respected tool locally or use it as a hosted Web application to create OWL ontologies.
  • RDF2RDF ( – A handy Java jar file enabling you to convert various versions of serialized RDF into other versions of serialized RDF.
  • Vapour, a Linked Data Validator ( – Much like the W3C validator, this online tool will validate the RDF at the other end of a URI. Unlike the W3C validator, it echoes back and forth the results of the content negotiation process.
  • W3C RDF Validation Service ( – Enter a URI or paste an RDF/XML document into the text field, and a triple representation of the corresponding data model as well as an optional graphical visualization of the data model will be displayed.

Linked data frameworks and publishing systems

Once RDF is created, use these systems to publish it as linked data:

  • 4store ( – A linked data publishing framework for managing triple stores, querying them locally, querying them via SPARQL, dumping their contents to files, as well as providing support via a number of scripting languages (PHP, Ruby, Python, Java, etc.).
  • Apache Jena ( – This is a set of tools for creating, maintaining, and publishing linked data complete a SPARQL engine, a flexible triple store application, and inference engine.
  • D2RQ ( – Use this application to provide a linked data front-end to any (well-designed) relational database. It supports SPARQL, content negotiation, and RDF dumps for direct HTTP access or uploading into triple store.
  • oai2lod ( – This is a particular implementation D2RQ Server. More specifically, this tool is an intermediary between a OAI-PMH data providers and a linked data publishing system. Configure oai2lod to point to your OAI-PMH server and it will publish the server’s metadata as linked data.
  • OpenLink Virtuoso Open-Source Edition ( – An open source version of OpenLink Virtuoso. Feature-rich and well-documented.
  • OpenLink Virtuoso Universal Server ( – This is a commercial version of OpenLink Virtuoso Open-Source Edition. It seems to be a platform for modeling and accessing data in a wide variety of forms: relational databases, RDF triples stores, etc. Again, feature-rich and well-documented.
  • openRDF ( – This is a Java-based framework for implementing linked data publishing including the establishment of a triple store and a SPARQL endpoint.

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