Clinical Case Challenge

feline photo

A 15-year-old castrated male domestic shorthair cat presented for evaluation of polyuria/polydipsia and weight loss despite a good appetite. He weighed 9 pounds (4.1 kg) with a body condition score of 4/9. Moderate atrophy of the epaxial muscles was noted. Physical examination was otherwise unremarkable. A CBC revealed a mild, non-regenerative anemia (Hct, 25%; reference range, 31-46%).The biochemistry profile revealed hyperglycemia (glucose, 583 mg/dl; reference range, 70-120 mg/dl) and azotemia (BUN, 99 mg/dl; reference range, 15-33 mg/dl; creatinine, 3.2 mg/dl; reference range, 0.9-2.1 mg/dl). Urinalysis revealed a specific gravity of 1.015 with 4+ glucose and no proteinuria. T4 was within the reference range. A complete diet history revealed that the cat was eating ½ cup over-the-counter (OTC) dry adult maintenance cat food plus two 3 oz. cans of cat food per day (both made by good quality major manufacturers – specific varieties and flavors were included in the diet history). The cat did not receive any cat treats, table food, or dietary supplements.

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Clinical Case Challenge

Oral Mass in a Cat

History and Physical Exam:  An 11-year-old, castrated male domestic shorthair cat presented for evaluation of a rapidly growing mass along his left rostral maxilla. The owners reported that hyperemia of the mucus membranes had been noticed in that region at his annual physical exam by his local veterinarian.  The lesion progressed over the next 5 months and caused loosening of his maxillary canine and incisor teeth.  The cat also had a history of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and hyperthyroidism.  Physical examination revealed an approximate 3.5 x 3 x 2 cm gingival mass in the left rostral maxilla displacing the lip.  Additional findings included loose teeth, blood-tinged saliva, a moderately enlarged left mandibular lymph node, a palpable thyroid slip and a grade III/VI heart murmur. Continue reading

Clinical Case Challenge

Anxious Greyhound

Greyhound with Anxiety

History
An 8-year-old neutered male Greyhound was evaluated at the Tufts Animal Behavior Service for intermittent episodes of extreme anxiety. The first anxiety attack occurred in late October of 2008 and lasted for 3 days. Physical examination, CBC and serum biochemistry analysis performed by the referring veterinarian were within reference limits.

The dog had no history of cardiovascular or Continue reading