Challenge: The right eye of an 8 year old MC German shepherd presented for an annual recheck of his eyes. The nucleus of the lens is noted to be cloudy bilaterally. The rest of the ocular examination is normal.
- What is the diagnosis?
- What is the prognosis?
Cataracts in dogs: what are the options?
The term cataract refers to any opacity of the optical lens that causes abnormal light scattering or prevents light from reaching the retina. Cataracts affect multiple species and if left untreated often lead to progressive blindness. In fact, according to the World Health Organization, cataract disease is the most frequent cause of visual impairment in humans, effecting 18 million people worldwide and causing 48 percent of all blindness. Continue reading
Treatment of cataract disease
One of the most common misperceptions of cataract disease is that it is non-progressive, which unfortunately may create a bias toward conservative treatment options. If left untreated, patients with cataract disease will undergo a continuous degeneration of the lens, and in the latest stages, sequelae such as chronic uveitis, secondary glaucoma and retinal detachment may develop. Complications from surgery are much less likely to develop if surgical treatment is performed early. Continue reading