Jewels, Hair and Accessories of the Middle Ages
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Plantagenet (1154-1399)

Plantagenet (1154-1399): Wimple, Barbette, Fillet and Crespine

Barbette- supposedly introduced by Eleanor of Aquitaine, was a band of linen encircling the face and pinned into place. At first it was only worn by royal ladies with a circlet or coronet (Fig 11) but was eventually adopted by all classes
Wimple- appeared by 1190, a length of fine linen or silk draped underneath the chin, across the throat. The ends were pinned at the crown of the head. During this time period, it always accompanied a veil , and usually a circlet. (Fig 12).
Fillet- a stiffened band of linken or silk worn around the head, over the barbette. Sometimes worn under a crown, with the tips showing. Became narrower over time. Young girls wore the fillet and barbette with flowing hair (fig 17), but more often the hair was braided ( fig 13) The fillet and barbette became narrower over time in this period.
Crespine- or crespinette, a net or caul usually worn and attached to the barbette and fillet (Fig 15 and 16) Great ladies wore crespines of silk and jewels.

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