Comments by the Chairman of the Board for the World Peace Foundation, Philip Khoury, at the January 17, 2012 reception honoring the Foundation’s 101st anniversary and marking the official launch of the World Peace Foundation Program at the Fletcher School.
The World Peace Foundation was first established as the International School of Peace, in July 1910, making it America’s oldest secular peace foundation. It took on its current name and form in December 1910, 101 years and one month ago.
It was founded with the objectives of:
“Educating the people of all nations to a full knowledge of the waste and destructiveness of war and of preparation for war, its evil effects on present social conditions and on the wellbeing of future generations, and to promote international justice and the brotherhood of man, and generally by every practical means to promote peace and goodwill among all mankind.”
We have no intention of changing these objectives.
Our founder, Edwin Ginn, was a strong believer in the power of a liberal education in changing the world. He made his money through publishing school textbooks, and his great innovation was to change the textbook from an instrument for rote learning into a window for broadening the mind. He commissioned contributions to his textbooks from the leading thinkers of the age.
Ginn was also an optimist. When he died in January 1914, and in his will, he provided an additional $1 million to the World Peace Foundation, but also specified that “at some time, and I hope not in the far-distant future,” the cause of international peace would achieve “such success as to make it unnecessary or unwise” to for his money to be spent on it.
Hence, every year, the board members of the Ginn Trust are obliged to make a determination whether or not world peace had been accomplished. Should they determine that it has indeed been achieved, the funds are instead to be directed to Ginn’s residual legatee, the Charlesbank Home for working girls and students in Boston.
The working girls are still waiting.
The Foundation was at the forefront of campaigning for a strong League of Nations, with the United States as a leader. It participated in the disarmament conferences and campaigns of the 1920s and 1930s. Some of the artwork from that era, drawn from our archives, is on display in the library here today.
Ginn’s educational mission, his horror at the evils of war, and his conviction that the affairs of the world could be more peaceably ordered by means of international cooperation, are as relevant today as 100 years ago.
Which is why, a year ago, when the Foundation began its thinking about its role in its second century of existence, we found it natural to explore whether we could have a home here. And we found a very warm reception, from the leadership of the University.
I am delighted that the Foundation marks its centenary plus one, with an association with the Fletcher School and a presence here. In many ways it is a homecoming, symbolized by our presence here in the Ginn Library.
Tagsadvocacy Africa African Union arms trade atrocities AU book review Bosnia conflict data corruption Democratic Republic of Congo Disorder Drugs Egypt elections Eritrea Ethiopia famine foreign policy gender genocide human rights memorial Indonesia intervention Iraq justice Libya Mali mediation memorialization new wars peace political marketplace Re-Framing the Debate Research Somalia South Africa South Sudan Sudan Syria trafficking UN Unlearning violence US Zenawi