|Name of Activity||Transportation Design|
|Keywords||Transportation, vehicle, client, Engineering Design Process, LEGO Building|
|Grade Level||K, 1, 2, 3|
|Time||4 Hours Total|
|Brief Description||Students will act as real engineers to design a vehicle for a client that answers a specific client problem. Students will use the Engineering Design Process to solve the challenge.|
|Lesson Objectives:||- Learn how to build for client specifications.
– Use the Engineering Design Process to achieve the goal.
– Connect LEGO building to real engineering.
|Materials Needed:||- LEGO Simple Machines kits for each student pair.
– ‘Client Design Bags’ – in attached file.
– ‘Transportation Design Book’ – in attached file.
|Preparation and Set Up:||- Make a copy of the ‘Transportation Design Book’ for each students.
– Collect materials for each client problem specified on the ‘Client Problems’ sheet to make up a ‘Client Design Bag’ for each student pair.
- Arrange students in pairs.
The engineering design process is an eight step process that engineers use to design:
Step 1. Identify the need/problem
Step 2. Research the need/problem
Step 3. Develop possible solutions
Step 4. Select the best possible solution
Step 5. Construct a prototype
Step 6. Test and evaluate the solution(s)
Step 7. Communicate the solution(s)
Step 8. Redesign
|Procedure||Use the Engineering Design Process to explain and teach this lesson:
This entire challenge will take between 2 – 4 class periods depending on the age level of the students and how efficiently the class works. The following is a 4-day breakdown of the activities: Day 1:
|Extensions or Modifications:||Extensions:
– Change vehicles to drive over a different terrain.
– Change vehicles to drive up a steep incline.
– Create specific extensions that relate to individual client problems.
– Have students create and advertisement for their design.
– Have students create an engineering design company and make their own business cards.