A17: Act Out Electricity!

Brief Description:

Students will learn how a circuit works by acting as various components of a circuit.

Grades: 4, 5, 6, 7, 8

Time: 20-30 Minutes

Keywords: circuit, electricity, resistors, current, switches, battery, electrons, charge, introduction to electricity

Lesson Objectives

  • Students will begin to understand how electrons flow.
  • Students will be able to recognize the function of different components in a circuit.
  • Students will practice teamwork by working as a class to create the demonstration.


  • Plastic balls (half labeled with a positive sign and the rest labeled with a negative sign)
  • Two buckets: one will act as the proton side of the battery, and the other will act as the negative side of the battery.


  • Note: If If you do not have plastic balls to use for this activity, the students themselves can serve as electrons. They will walk in a circle (representing the wire), slow when they come across a resistor, and stop when the switch is open.


Signs that students can wear– resistor, switch, light bulb, battery or motor. (Students linking hands will serve as the wire.)


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