Tufts Gets Green

Office of Sustainability's Blog

Month: October 2013 (page 1 of 6)

What I Learned from Planning Dairy Day

The information which I found most striking while researching for Dairy Day were the extent of the power of dairy lobbies, the adverse environmental effects of industrial dairy farming, and how so much of our country’s dairy is owned by so few companies. I knew that lobbies held a lot of power in our food system, but I had always heard of this in terms of beef and agricultural giants. As a staple of the food system, dairy is no exception to that trend.

Pasteurization of milk in the United States began at the industrial level in 1895, and was mandated by 1917. The first milk marketing orders were put into place 20 years later, in 1937. Milk advertising was subsidized by the government in the 1940s, and in 1946, milk became a staple of the new National School Lunch Act, currently the NSLP. Nutritional labeling of milk began in 1974, and in 1992, the first food pyramid was released by the USDA, giving dairy a prominent position near the top of the pyramid.

All the while, dairy lobbies have been pushing lawmakers to emphasize the nutritious benefits of milk and milk products. Dairy lobbyists push for initiatives relating to school programs, farm bills, and other programs in which dairy plays an important role. Milk is an excellent source of calcium, potassium, protein as well as amino acids, which is why it is partially why it is emphasized in nutrition programs. However, the dairy industries are also huge stakeholders in national programs such as the NSLP, which is why it is essential to them to lobby their interests to the USDA.

Currently, dairy lobbies are trying to remove the special labels needed for milk with artificial sweeteners. The dairy industries are trying to establish flavored milk as a healthy alternative to sweet soft drinks. These industries believe that sales would improve significantly if their products were labeled, for example, as “strawberry milk” rather than the “low calorie strawberry milk” labels which we would see today. There is much opposition to this because it involves deregulation of a controversial chemical, aspartame, in order to increase milk consumption among our country’s children.

When we stress the negative environmental impacts of factory farming, large scale operations like pork and beef production come to mind before processes such as dairy farming. Dairy cows produce large amounts of methane and manure which contribute to environmental and health issues. Water pollution is a huge concern with dairy farming, as manure and nutrients can spread to and contaminate water supplies. These cows also require a large amount of feed, which is typically genetically modified except in organic operations. In addition to modified feed, many dairy cows, just like other animals raised for consumption, are fed or injected with antibiotics and hormones. There is little transparency in these issues, and much is still unknown about the effects of these drugs.

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Another controversial aspect of the dairy industry is the ownership. While dairy farms exist in every state, and local, organic options are available for some consumers, many of our nation’s dairy farms remain under the ownership of a handful of powerful companies. When researching Garelick Farms, where tufts gets their milk, I was surprised to learn that this family farming business is actually owned by Dean Foods, a Texas based food and beverage company. Dean Foods is by far the largest dairy processor in the United States. Dean Foods had been criticized for holding a monopoly on the US dairy industry.

The figures on dairy usage were interesting as well – and some were far more surprising than others. For example, research by the International Dairy Foods Association reported that 20.3 gallons of milk were consumed, on average, per person in 2011. For comparison, in 2011 Americans consumed 44 gallons of soda in and 2.68 gallons (13 bottles) of wine. I live in a house with 8 other “dairy consumers” and we go through about 2.5 gallons of milk per week, so between the all of us that would be about 14 gallons of milk per person, per year. Few of us use milk for reasons other than cereal or baking. I assume that our cohort differs from the rest of the nation because we are not typically consuming milk as a beverage.

Some other statistics we gathered were that Americans consume 46 slices of pizza year, and 48 quarts of ice cream. Considering the amount of pizza I see consumed on this college campus, I’m less surprised by this fact than I am by the ice cream figures. Overall, I found planning Dairy Day to be an incredibly educational and rewarding experience. The idea behind Campus Food Day is to get students to think critically about where their food comes from, and what processes are involved as it makes it’s way from farm to table. I hope that students who attended the event were inspired, or provoked by the information posted throughout the dining halls, and that the event served as a catalyst for change in food related behaviors at Tufts.


Communications Team Member

Earn $10,000 Towards a Sustainability Project!

REVERB is bringing our Campus Consciousness Tour to Tufts University on November 15th with the band Grouplove. As part of their Campus Consciousness program, they’re also offering a grant of $10,000 to fund a student sustainable innovation. So they need your big ideas!


65 Jumbos Did Not Get Wasted for ZWW!

Zero Waste Week finished this past Wednesday! Over 200 bags were distributed, and 65 brave and wonderful jumbos (and professors) did a fantastic job at keeping their waste at a minimum and brought their bags to Jumbo Mountains. Jumbo Mountains was set up on the Academic Quad this year, due to logistical considerations, and many passer-bys’ interests proved this to be a great location with great visibility. Participants were rewarded with some PHENOMENAL Cider Donuts and cider from Wilson Farm in Lexington, and the satisfaction of tallying and knowing they made a huge difference in comparison to normal trash-producing colleagues.

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In addition to students, some professors stopped by, and even Senior Provost David Harris conversed with the Eco-Rep team about the successes and room for improvement in the Zero Waste Week challenge.

Some of the greatest challenges expressed were the individually packaged treats such as candy, cookies, etc., and the fact that when you leave the Tufts Campus and travel to greater Boston or the larger community, recycling and composting is nowhere near as accessible. However, many participants also expressed their surprise at the ease of recycling and composting here on campus-shoutout to Dawn and Tufts Recycles!

Three lucky participants won awesome bags made out of recycled materials from terracycle.com, and they definitely deserve it for their participation.


Thank you to everyone who participated in Zero Waste Week. You truly made a difference in our fight to prevent excess waste and reduce our consumption of resources. Green Love!



Tufts Celebrates Food Day with Dairy Themed Dinner

Yesterday was Food Day at Tufts, and the Dining and Sustainability teams paired up to put together an educational, dairy-themed dinner.

The event took place at both Carmichael and Dewick-Macphie dining halls. The dinners included special foods such as a mountainous tray of brie cheese, and an ice cream sundae bar. Scattered generously across the dining halls were signs containing information on dairy production, dairy products, and the dairy industry. Be it butter, cream, whey, or milk fat, dairy products are found in nearly everything.


The first crossword puzzle is complete!

The interactive component of the Dewick dinner took place in the form of a crossword puzzle. Students took the puzzle and found the answers posted on the informational signs throughout the dining hall. The signs contained some pretty mind blowing facts and figures about dairy! For example, did you know that the average American eats 46 slices of pizza, and 48 pints of ice cream a year?!

The signs also had information about milk’s nutritional content. Milk contains 9 amino acids, and 1 cup contains 16 percent of our daily value of calcium, making it an excellent nutritional source when consumed in moderation. The posters also informed students about some of the more controversial aspects of the dairy industry such as negative environmental impacts and the deceptive, yet influential role played by by the dairy lobbies.


Dairy Day Event staff help Tufts students with crossword puzzles.

Do you want to test your knowledge of dairy production and consumption? Here are the questions from last night’s crossword puzzle. Students who completed the puzzle are eligible to win an ice cream sundae party brought to their room, or an inflatable cow.

Americans most commonly consume which type of milk?

  • What is the most popular cheese in America?

  • What is the most popular flavor of ice cream

  • How many gallons of milk to americans consume, on average, per year?

  • Vitamin D is added to milk to aid in the absorption of which mineral?

  • Methane contributes to which process?


Scroll down to the bottom of the page to check the answers!














  • ɯıʞs

  • ɐןןǝɹɐzzoɯ

  • ɐןןıuɐʌ

  • ʎʇuǝʍʇ

  • ɯnıɔןɐɔ

  • ǝbuɐɥɔ ǝʇɐɯıןɔ




Communications Team

Int’l Sustainability Professionals of Tomorrow training – apply now

DEADLINE: Nov. 17th, 2013

This winter session, CLI is facilitating the iSPOT Training – International Sustainability Professionals of Tomorrow – in collaboration with ISSP. Kick off the New Year in China and get your sustainability career on track! Specifically designed for college juniors and seniors, the iSPOT Training will transition undergraduate students into young professionals with highly structured professional development workshops and a practitioner-based learning environment. From the bustling streets and skyscrapers of Shanghai, to the mystifying mountains of Guilin, to the Great Wall and Forbidden City of Beijing, students will learn the four key areas of organizational assessment and the strategy behind sustainable systems decision-making. We will also share tips on where to find jobs, what skills are needed in different fields, and how to market yourself in a highly competitive and global job market. Our goal is to prepare you to land your dream green job when you graduate!

Learn more, check out the itinerary.

Apply here.


Resource Organizer, Alternatives for Community and Environment (Roxbury, MA)

Alternatives for Community & Environment (ACE) seeks a full-time Resource Organizer. Based in Roxbury, ACE is a 501(c)3 environmental justice organization. ACE organizes residents, provides legal/technical support to community groups, develops youth leadership, and runs campaigns on issues like clean air and first-class public transit. The Resource Organizer will lead ACE’s efforts to maintain relationships with and raise funds from individual donors, and will lead ACE’s efforts to expand our share of support that comes from our core constituencies. The Resource Organizer reports to the Development Director.

Learn more/apply.

Executive Director, Home Energy Efficiency Team (HEET) (Cambridge, MA)

Deadline: Dec. 1st, 2013
HEET (Home Energy Efficiency Team) is an award-winning nonprofit that fights climate change through teaching hands-on practical skills in energy efficiency while performing “energy upgrades” in the buildings of nonprofits. HEET also implements other energy-efficiency and renewable-energy programs in the greater Boston area.
HEET is seeking a 25-hour-per-week Executive Director to run and grow the organization. The Executive Director raises funds, manages staff, reports to the Board of Directors, and is responsible for the organization’s consistent achievement of its mission and financial objectives.  
The Director will work remotely and have flexible hours, but live in or near Cambridge, MA.  The job will include occasional weekend events.  The Director should love people and learning, and be highly driven to cut carbon emissions.
Needed skills: proven fundraiser/grant-writer, excellent writing and speaking skills, experience with managing, hiring staff, and managing budgets, energy efficiency knowledge and a comfort with a diverse range of stakeholders
General competency with office software, including Quickbooks, PowerPoint, Excel preferred.  Prior experience in a nonprofit is a plus.
Salary commensurate with experience.
Contact HEET.Cambridge@gmail.com with resume, references and writing sample.

Cambridge Climate Protection Action Committee and Recycling Advisory Committee Seek New Members

The Climate Protection Action Committee is seeking 3 new members; for more information click here.  The deadline to apply is October 22.
The Recycling Advisory Committee is also seeking new members; for more information click here.  The deadline to apply is October 22.

Environmental Analyst, UVM (VT)

Deadline: Oct. 31st, 2013

This temporary position will be working in the Solid Waste Program of the Waste Management and Prevention Division of VT DEC. Primary responsibilities include developing and implementing a statewide solid waste management plan and the provisions of Act 148. A focus of the work will be on data management as it relates to waste reduction, recycling, and organics diversion. An additional area of focus will be to develop content for the Solid Waste Program webpage, and assist with webpage layout and structure for usability. Other duties include working with solid waste districts, municipalities, and others to improve solid waste management in Vermont, develop and disseminate outreach materials, and other solid waste issues.

Contact Bryn Oakleaf for more information: bryn.oakleaf@state.vt.us

Getting to Net Zero Task Force (Cambridge, MA)

Cambridge City Manager, Richard C. Rossi, seeks volunteers to serve on a new “Getting to Net Zero” Task Force.  This Committee is being created to advise the City Manager on ways to advance the goal of putting Cambridge on the trajectory towards becoming a “net zero community”, with focus on carbon emissions from building operations.  This includes reducing energy use intensity of buildings and taking advantage of opportunities to harvest energy from renewable resources. 

The Task Force will work collaboratively to examine strategies and develop recommendations that address the following topics:
·         reduce greenhouse gas emissions from the built environment
·         improve energy efficiency and conservation in existing and new buildings
·         support renewable energy generation both on- and off- site
·         best practices to engage/educate users and influence occupant behavior
The City seeks individuals with high degree of experience and expertise in these topics and demonstrated ability to work effectively on a team with diverse opinions to craft consensus solutions.  The intention is to create a task force that includes subject matter experts in topics such as building design, construction and operation, development economics, energy efficiency, and renewable energy technology & policy including the concept of Renewable Energy Certificates, as well as community advocates/residents, business/property owner/developer representatives, and representatives of local universities/the Cambridge Climate Compact.  
The Task Force will work collaboratively to develop actionable recommendations that are comprehensive, practical, and implementable and at the same time bold in their vision; these may include changes to City ordinances, zoning, policies, and other directives.  The work of the Task Force should continue to advance Cambridge’s role as a regional and national leader in addressing environmental issues. 
It is expected that Committee appointments will be made by City Manager, Richard C. Rossi, before the end of the year.  The group will meet at least monthly starting December 2013 and deliver final recommendations by December 2014. 
To apply, please send a letter by November 12, 2013 describing your interest in the study and any experience you have working on similar issues to:
Diane Squires, City Manager’s Office,
Cambridge City Hall, 795 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02139
Email:  citymanager@cambridgema.gov
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