ACVECC Small Animal Additional Articles

The 2018 list contains articles 3-10 years old from core journals and articles within the last 10 years from non-core journals and is designed to bridge a perceived gap in the recommended reading between recent journal articles, non-core journals and textbooks. It contains article the committee deems likely to inform and impact the practice of veterinary ECC. We aim to keep this list to <100 articles and will review and update it annually.


1. Holowaychuk MK, Hansen BD, DeFrancesco TC, Marks SL. Ionized hypocalcemia in critically ill dogs. J Vet Intern Med. 2009; 23(3): 509-513. article pdf

2. Valverde A, Hatcher ME, Stampfli HR. Effects of fluid therapy on total protein and its influence on calculated unmeasured anions in the anesthetized dog. J Vet Emerg Crit Care 2008; 18(5): 480-487. article pdf

3. Wehausen CE, Kirby R, Rudloff E. Evaluation of the effects of bovine hemoglobin glutamer-200 on systolic arterial blood pressure in hypotensive cats: 44 cases (1997-2008). J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2011; 238(7): 909-914. article pdf




4. Tag TL, Day TK. Electrocardiographic assessment of hyperkalemia in dogs and cats. J Vet Emerg Crit Care. 2008; 18(1): 61-67. article pdf

5. Borgeat K, Wright J, Garrod O, Payne JR, Fuentes VL. Arterial thromboembolism in 250 cats in general practice: 2004–2012. J Vet Intern Med. 2014;28(1):102-8. article pdf


6. Holst LB, Haase N, Wetterslev J, Wernerman J, Guttormsen AB, Karlsson S, Johansson PI, Åneman A, Vang ML, Winding R, Nebrich L. Lower versus higher hemoglobin threshold for transfusion in septic shock. N Engl J Med. 2014;371(15):1381-91. article pdf

7. Kakkar AK, Cimminiello C, Goldhaber SZ, et al. Low-molecular-weight heparin and mortality in acutely ill medical patients. N Engl J Med. 2011; 365(26): 2463-2472. article pdf

8. Marik PE, Corwin HL. Acute lung injury following blood transfusion: Expanding the definition. Crit Care Med. 2008; 36(11): 3080-3084. article pdf

9. Napolitano LM, Kurek S, Luchette FA, et al. Clinical practice guideline: Red blood cell transfusion in adult trauma and critical care. Crit Care Med. 2009; 37(12): 3124-3157. article pdf

10. Smith SA, McMichael MA, Gilor S, Galligan AJ, Hoh CM. Correlation of hematocrit, platelet concentration, and plasma coagulation factors with results of thromboelastometry in canine whole blood samples. Am J Vet Res. 2012; 73(6):789–98. article pdf






11. de Smet AMGA, Kluytmans JAJW, Cooper BS, et al. Decontamination of the digestive tract and oropharynx in ICU patients. New Engl J Med. 2009; 360(1): 20-31. article pdf


12. Hayes GM, Mathews K, Floras A, Dewey C. Refractometric total plasma protein measurement as a cage-side indicator of hypoalbuminemia and hypoproteinemia in hospitalized dogs. J Vet Emerg Crit Care. 2011; 21(4): 356-362. article pdf


13. Bazick HS, Chang D, Mahadevappa K, et al. Red cell distribution width and all-cause mortality in critically ill patients. Crit Care Med. 2011; 39(8): 1913-1921. article pdf

14. Lanaux TM, Rozanski EA, Simoni RS, et al. Interpretation of canine and feline blood smears by emergency room personnel. Vet Clin Pathol. 2011; 40(1): 18-23. article pdf

15. O’Marra SK, Delaforcade AM, Shaw SP. Treatment and predictors of outcome in dogs with immune-mediated thrombocytopenia. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2011; 238(3): 346-352. article pdf

16. Sorenmo KU, Harwood LP, King LG, Drobatz KJ. Case-control study to evaluate risk factors for the development of sepsis (neutropenia and fever) in dogs receiving chemotherapy. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2010; 236(6):650-6. article pdf


17. Latenser BA. Critical care of the burn patient: The first 48 hours. Crit Care Med. 2009; 37(10): 2819-2826. article pdf




18. Brauer C, Jambroszyk M, Tipold A. Metabolic and toxic causes of canine seizure disorders: A retrospective study of 96 cases. Vet J. 2011; 187(2): 272-275. article pdf

19. Cooper DJ, Rosenfeld JV, Murray L, et al. Decompressive craniectomy in diffuse traumatic brain injury. N Engl J Med. 2011; 364(16): 1493-1502. article pdf

20. Zimmermann R, Hulsmeyer VI, Sauter-Louis C, Fischer A. Status epilepticus and epileptic seizures in dogs. J Vet Intern Med. 2009; 23(5): 970-976. article pdf


21. Harvey SE, Parrott F, Harrison DA, Bear DE, Segaran E, Beale R, Bellingan G, Leonard R, Mythen MG, Rowan KM. Trial of the route of early nutritional support in critically ill adults. N Engl J Med. 2014; 371(18):1673-84. article pdf


22. Bellomo R, Cass A, Cole L, et al. Intensity of continuous renal-replacement therapy in critically ill patients. New Engl J Med. 2009; 361(17): 1627-1638. article pdf

23. Eisenberg BW, Waldrop JE, Allen SE, Brisson JO, Aloisio KM, Horton NJ. Evaluation of risk factors associated with recurrent obstruction in cats treated medically for urethral obstruction. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2013;243(8):1140–6. article pdf

24. Harison E, Langston C, Palma D, Lamb K. Acute Azotemia as a Predictor of Mortality in Dogs and Cats. J Vet Intern Med. 2012; 26(5): 1093–8. article pdf

25. Hetrick PF, Davidow EB. Initial treatment factors associated with feline urethral obstruction recurrence rate: 192 cases (2004–2010). J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2013;243(4):512–9. article pdf

26. Maddens B, Heiene R, Smets P, et al. Evaluation of kidney injury in dogs with pyometra based on proteinuria, renal histomorphology, and urinary biomarkers. J Vet Intern Med. 2011; 25(5): 1075-1083. article pdf

27. Segev G, Livne H, Ranen E, Lavy E. Urethral obstruction in cats: predisposing factors, clinical, clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis. J Feline Med Surg. 2011; 13(2): 101-108. article pdf

28. Whittemore JC, Marcum BA, Mawby DI, et al. Associations among albuminuria, C-reactive protein concentrations, survival predictor index scores, and survival in 78 critically ill dogs. J Vet Intern Med. 2011; 25(4): 818-824. article pdf


29. Pretzer SD. Medical management of canine and feline dystocia. Theriogenology. 2008; 70(3): 332-336. article pdf

30. Traas AM. Resuscitation of canine and feline neonates. Theriogenology. 2008; 70(3): 343-348. article pdf

31. Traas AM. Surgical management of canine and feline dystocia. Theriogenology. 2008; 70(3): 337-342. article pdf


32. Foronda FK, Troster EJ, Farias JA, et al. The impact of daily evaluation and spontaneous breathing test on the duration of pediatric mechanical ventilation: a randomized controlled trial. Crit Care Med. 2011; 39(11): 2526-2533. article pdf

33. Pang D, Caulkett JHNA, Duke T. Partial pressure of end-tidal C02 sampled via an intranasal catheter as a substitute for partial pressure of arterial C02 in dogs. J Vet Emerg Crit Care. 2007; 17(2): 143-148. article pdf

34. Papazian L, Forel JM, Gacouin A et al. Neuromuscular blockers in early acute respiratory distress syndrome. N Engl J Med. 2010; 363(12): 1107-16. article pdf

35. Swinbourne F, Baines EA, Baines SJ, Halfacree ZJ. Computed tomographic findings in canine pyothorax and correlation with findings at exploratory thoracotomy. J Small Anim Pract. 2011; 52(4): 203-208. article pdf

36. Villar J, Blanco J, Anon JM, et al. The ALIEN study: incidence and outcome of acute respiratory distress syndrome in the era of lung protective ventilation. Intensive Care Med. 2011; 37(12): 1932-1941. article pdf


37. Annane D, Vignon P, Renault A, Bollaert PE, Charpentier C, Martin C, et al. Norepinephrine plus dobutamine versus epinephrine alone for management of septic shock: a randomised trial. Lancet. 2007; 370(9588): 676-684. article pdf

38. Arise Investigators, ANZICS Clinical Trials Group. Goal-directed resuscitation for patients with early septic shock. N Engl J Med. 2014; 371(16):1496-506. article pdf

39. Caironi P, Tognoni G, Masson S, Fumagalli R, Pesenti A, Romero M, Fanizza C, Caspani L, Faenza S, Grasselli G, Iapichino G. Albumin replacement in patients with severe sepsis or septic shock. N Engl J Med. 2014;370(15):1412-21. article pdf

40. DeClue AE, Osterbur K, Bigio A, Sharp CR. Evaluation of serum NT-pCNP as a diagnostic and prognostic biomarker for sepsis in dogs. J Vet Intern Med. 2011; 25(3): 453-459. article pdf

41. Duffy AL, Butler AL, Radecki SV, Campbell VL. Comparison of continuous arterial pressure waveform analysis with the lithium dilution technique to monitor cardiac output in conscious dogs with systemic inflammatory response syndrome. Am J Vet Res. 2009; 70(11): 1365-1373. article pdf

42. Marshall JC, Reinhart K, Forum IS. Biomarkers of sepsis. Crit Care Med. 2009; 37(7): 2290-2298. article pdf

43. Monnet X, Jabot J, Maizel J, et al. Norepinephrine increases cardiac preload and reduces preload dependency assessed by passive leg raising in septic shock patients. Crit Care Med. 2011; 39(4): 689-694. article pdf

44. Oostdijk EA, de Smet AM, Kesecioglu J, Bonten MJ. The role of intestinal colonization with gram-negative bacteria as a source for intensive care unit-acquired bacteremia. Crit Care Med. 2011; 39(5): 961-966. article pdf

45. ProCESS Investigators. A randomized trial of protocol-based care for early septic shock. N Engl J Med. 2014;370(18):1683-93. article pdf

46. Rahman NM, Maskell NA, West A, et al. Intrapleural use of tissue plasminogen activator and DNase in pleural infection. N Engl J Med. 2011; 365(6): 518-526. article pdf

47. Rubulotta F, Marshall JC, Ramsay G, Nelson D, Levy M, Williams M. Predisposition, insult/infection, response, and organ dysfunction: A new model for staging severe sepsis. Crit Care Med.  2009; 37(4): 1329-1335. article pdf

48. Russell JA, Walley KR, Singer J, Gordon AC, Hebert PC, Cooper DJ, et al. Vasopressin versus norepinephrine infusion in patients with septic shock. New Engl J Med. 2008; 358(9): 877-887. article pdf

49. Zahar JR, Timsit JF, Garrouste-Orgeas M, et al. Outcomes in severe sepsis and patients with septic shock: pathogen species and infection sites are not associated with mortality. Crit Care Med. 2011; 39(8): 1886-1895. article pdf


50. Antonelli M, Levy M, Andrews PJ, Chastre J, Hudson LD, Manthous C, Meduri GU, Moreno RP, Putensen C, Stewart T, Torres A. Hemodynamic monitoring in shock and implications for management. International Consensus Conference, Paris, France, 27-28 April 2006. Intensive Care Med. 2007; 33(4): 575-590. article pdf

51. Nielsen N, Wetterslev J, Cronberg, T, et al. Targeted Temperature Management at 33°C versus 36°C after Cardiac Arrest. N Engl J Med. 2013; 369(23):2197-2206. article pdf

52. Shih A, Giguere S, Vigani A, et al. Determination of cardiac output by ultrasound velocity dilution in normovolemia and hypovolemia in dogs. Vet Anaesth Analg. 2011; 38(4): 279-285. article pdf

53. Stiell IG, Nichol G, Leroux BG, et al. Early versus later rhythm analysis in patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. N Engl J Med. 2011; 365(9): 787-797. article pdf

54. Vigani A, Shih AC, Buckley GJ, et al. Cardiopulmonary effects of a new inspiratory impedance threshold device in acute hemorrhagic shock in dogs. J Vet Emerg Crit Care. 2011; 21(6): 618-624. article pdf

55. Special Issue: Reassessment Campaign on Veterinary Resuscitation: Evidence and Knowledge Gap Analysis on Veterinary CPR. J Vet Emerg Crit Care. 2012; S4-131. link to issue


56. Hall KE, Holowaychuk MK, Sharp CR, Reineke E. Multicenter prospective evaluation of dogs with trauma. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2014;244(3):300-8. article pdf

This list is based on the 2018 reading list. This page was last updated February 2018.