The energy sector poses enormous challenges for world leaders today. National economies depend on fuel supplies that often come from, or are shipped through, unstable or conflict-prone regions. Volatile energy prices can undermine development and spur domestic unrest. Fossil fuel consumption is the main driver of human-induced global climate change, as well as local and regional air pollution. Energy production generates other harmful impacts through activities such as mining and fuel refining. Also, in many developing countries people do not have access to energy services. As national governments consider climate change policies to limit greenhouse gas emissions, they must also ensure increased access to clean energy services that are critical for much needed economic development.
But these challenges also offer major opportunities. By developing low-carbon and carbon-free energy sources, industrialized and developing countries can meet human needs while averting catastrophic impacts from global climate change. Strategic energy investments can also foster clean industries that generate jobs and improve national competitiveness. And nations that develop strong clean energy industries will reduce their dependence on imports and their vulnerability to price shocks and supply interruptions.
CIERP’s Energy, Climate, and Innovation (ECI) Program advances policy-relevant knowledge to address energy- related challenges and opportunities. The program focuses on policy for energy innovation, climate change, energy security, energy access, and sustainable prosperity. Although ECI’s outlook is global, it concentrates on the United States, China, and India.
- Green Finance: the next frontier for U.S. – China climate cooperation.
- The Carbon Consequences of China’s Overseas Investment in Coal.
- Post-Paris Research Needs in Climate Change Policy.
- National Innovation Systems in the United States and China: A brief review of the literature.
- Innovation and technology transfer through global value chains: Evidence from China’s PV industry.
- From NIMBY to acceptance: Toward a novel framework VESPA For organizing and interpreting community concerns
- Collective Action: Mitigation, Adaptation, Innovation: The Case of the Chinese PV Industry
- Technology Transfer for Adaptation
- Sustainable Communities and Wind Energy Project Acceptance in Massachusetts
- Prospects for Reducing Carbon Intensity in China
- NIMBYism revisited: public acceptance of wind energy in the United States
- Innovation and Technology Transfer Across Global Value Chains: Evidence from China’s PV Industry
- Following the LDCs: How Leadership in the Climate Regime Could Look
- What was New at Rio+20? An Analysis of The Future We Want
- A post-Kyoto partner: Considering the stratospheric ozone regime as a tool to manage nitrous oxide
- Why & How Governments Support Renewable Energy
- Marginalization of end-use technologies in energy innovation for climate protection
- What Makes U.S. Energy Consumers Tick?
- The Energy Technology Innovation System
- Assessing Reverse Auctions as a Policy Tool for Renewable Energy Deployment