From the monthly archives: June 2021

There’s a new reality in Ethiopia: the Tigray Defense Force has defeated the Ethiopian National Defense Force.

In a series of battles over the last two weeks, the TDF has broken the back of the ENDF and taken control of most of Tigray. The armed forces do not possess the leadership, capacity, resources, or time […]

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The planned shift to renewable energy will risk violence in fragile oil states.

Benjamin J. Spatz, Alex de Waal, Aditya Sarkar; Tegan Blaine

Research described in this article was funded by a USIP grant and conducted by the World Peace Foundation’s “Decarbonization and Peace in Fragile States” project. The […]

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Published June 21, 2021 in The Baffler, read the full excerpt at, The Unwinnable War on Disease.

In my book New Pandemics, Old Politics, I tell the history of the modern world in four pandemics. It […]

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In the aftermath of the military defeats suffered by the Ethiopian National Defense Force (ENDF) in Tigray there is an immediate high risk of reprisals against civilians.

Last week the Tigray Defense Forces (TDF) took the strategic offensive for the first time and destroyed an ENDF force of approximately 15,000 men and captured significant amounts […]

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By Jan Nyssen and several colleagues that co-authored but preferred to remain anonymous.

In a speech to assembled Ethiopian ambassadors in January 2019, Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed would make a prescient remark regarding Tigray. Alluding to the role of soldiers during the battle of Adua in 1896 and later, during the Eritrean war, Abiy […]

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Sexual violence is the brutal hallmark of the conflict that broke out in Tigray, Ethiopia last November.

Women and girls have been subjected to rape, gang rape, abduction, and mutilation of their sexual organs. Horrific reports tell of women having their vaginas cauterised with hot metal rods. The youngest survivor has been a girl […]

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