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Originally published by Foreign Affairs, September 18, 2023.

In 2003, mass atrocities in Sudan’s Darfur region shocked the world. A coalition of human rights organizations mobilized in response, accusing Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir and his Janjaweed militia of genocide. Although the United Nations did eventually dispatch troops to protect Sudanese civilians, the response was […]

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Thirty years ago this week, on July 11, 1993 to be precise, a military attorney attached to the UN Operation in Somalia (UNOSOM) instructed that I should be detained.

The stated reason was that I was ‘supporting the propaganda efforts of the USC’. The United Somali Congress was the military-political organization headed by General Mohamed […]

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Annotating the Official Script

This blog post is a commentary on a press briefing and three documents that reveal the thinking of key international actors regarding the war against Tigray conducted by the Federal Government of Ethiopia and the State of Eritrea. The four documents are:

Press briefing by U.S. Special Envoy Mike Hammer, […]

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On the eve of international women’s day, we are publishing a call from 15 women’s organizations to the United Nations to provide the services so desperately needed by survivors of conflict-related sexual violence in Tigray.

Their needs are particularly urgent, not only because of the scale of the crimes perpetrated against them, […]

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For three months, international estimates of the number of people facing humanitarian emergency or famine in Tigray have not shifted. On July 2, the UN said that 400,000 people were in “famine-like conditions.” On August 26, the UN said the same thing. That’s not because things haven’t changed for the worse. Every indication […]

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Today, the UN Security Council members are expected to discuss the humanitarian crisis in Tigray.

It’s a matter for UN Security Council urgent business for several reasons.

First, it’s an internationalized crisis: there are over 45,000 refugees in Sudan and within weeks there could be three times that number. There are over 100,000 Eritrean […]

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