Schwartz Values

The social psychologist Shalom H. Schwartz developed a framework of “universal human values,” the relationships between which he illustrates in a circular form, as can be seen in the center of this diagram. The sections mirroring each other- openness to change/conservation, and self-transcendence/self-enhancement- form opposite ends of the same spectrum: the willingness to change, and the power of ego, respectively.

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Schwartz values circle in an educational context. Adapted from Schwartz: Basic Human Values. Source:

This diagram places Schwartz’s values in an educational context: The middle concentric circle relates to the current system, illustrating how character development and social change are inhibited, while success is centered upon conformity and competition. The outer circle shows how the Schwartz values might be used to guide the development of an ideal education system for sustainable communities and social justice.