The Africa peace program builds upon the WPF engagement with the African Union, including our 2016 report African Politics, African Peace, and Alex de Waal’s expertise and engagement on a broad range of issues related to African peace and security. The WPF opportunistically sponsors research, programming and outputs when we can make an impact on discussions about African Peace issues.
Photo: East African Standby Brigade raise the flags of 13 East African Nations. U.S. Air Force Staff Sgt Samuel Rogers, November 24, 2018 (CC BY 2.0)
Under this heading, we have grouped a range of endeavors led by Alex de Waal that focus on analysis and engagement regarding prospects for peace the Horn of Africa countries. It includes ongoing support to the peace and security thinking at the African Union, especially through the AU High-level Implementation Panel for Sudan, South Sudan and the Horn of Africa.
The study of peace in Africa has long been handicapped by the paucity of internal documentary material from peace processes themselves. This means that conflict resolution as a practice does not always learn lessons and the field is often criticized for a supposed lack of scholarly rigor. The WPF has an extensive archive of documentation of African peace processes which we are making available to researchers.
Sudanese protestors gather in front of government buildings in Khartoum, Voice of America, Public Domain
For generations, the peoples of the Horn of Africa have suffered the scourge of war, mass atrocities against civilians, repression and famine; their region has been divided by polarizing ideologies and identity projects, destabilized by external meddling and intervention, and is prone to climate crisis.
African Peace Missions: This program culminated in the July 2016 report, African Politics, African Peace, submitted to the African Union. It is the most extensive review of the African Union’s peace missions ever conducted and charts an agenda for peace in Africa. The program site provides access to the report, research briefs, case studies, and multimedia resources.
African Union High-Level Implementation Panel for Sudan: This high-level panel was headed by three former African Presidents, Thabo Mbeki (South Africa), Abdulsalami Abubaker (Nigeria) and Pierre Buyoya (Burundi) and was charged to address issues related to peace and democratization in Sudan and South Sudan. Alex de Waal was Senior Adviser to the AUHIP.