The Peace in the Horn of Africa program builds upon the WPF engagement with the African Union, including our 2016 report African Politics, African Peace, and Alex de Waal’s expertise and engagement on a broad range of issues related to African peace and security. This includes an ongoing informal advisory role to the AU High Level Implementation Panel (AUHIP), headed by former South African president Thabo Mbeki. The WPF opportunistically sponsors research, programming and outputs when we can make an impact on discussions about African Peace issues.
The Research Working Group on the Horn of Africa has been created to support the activities of the AUHIP chaired by former President Thabo Mbeki in preparation for the convening of a conference on peace, security, stability, economic cooperation and development in the Horn of Africa. The two-year program, consists of policy research and engagement in three clusters, leading to workshops and ultimately to a report from the AUHIP to the African Union Peace and Security Council. The project is a collaboration with the Horn Economic and Social Policy Institute (Addis Ababa, Ethiopia), the Centre for Dialogue, Research and Cooperation (Addis Ababa, Ethiopia), and Goldsmiths College, University of London.
African Union High-Level Implementation Panel
In March 2009, the African Union established a high-level panel on Darfur, headed by three former African Presidents, namely Thabo Mbeki (South Africa), Abdulsalami Abubaker (Nigeria) and Pierre Buyoya (Burundi). Its mandate was to investigate and recommend policies to achieve peace, reconciliation and justice in Darfur. The Panel undertook wide consultations in Darfur and produced its report in October 2009. The AU Peace and Security Council then re-mandated the same three former presidents as the AU High-Level Implementation Panel, mandated to oversee the implementation of the recommendations on Darfur, promote democratization, assist in the implementation of Sudan’s Comprehensive Peace Agreement, and facilitate post-referendum negotiations between northern and southern Sudan. WPF Executive Director Alex de Waal was a Senior Advisor to the Panel.
- Sudan Peace Archive: Access documents from the mediation process on Darfur;
- AU resources on the AUHIP;
- Remarks by Thabo Mbeki, Chairperson of AU High-Level Implementation Panel for Sudan, before the UN Security Council, New York, 9 February 2011 [pdf].
“Prospects for Democracy in Sudan,” by Alex de Waal
Related Essays & Media
Essays from our blog, Reinventing Peace, on:
Select media citing or interviewing Alex de Waal
May 7, 2019 | Times Literary Supplement, “Don’t shoot us, dad”, Alex de Waal
April 23, 2019 | Foreign Affairs, “What’s next for Sudan’s Revolution?“, Alex de Waal
April 22, 2019 | AP News, “Darfur justice could prove elusive despite al-Bashir’s fall“, Fay Abuelgasim and Joseph Krauss
April 18, 2019 | London Review of Books Blog, “Sudan After Bashir,“, Alex de Waal
April 14, 2019 | Bloomberg, “Bashir’s Old Guard Jockeys for Power as Sudan’s Protests Rage On”, Okech Francis and Mohammed Alamin
April 12, 2019 | Bloomberg, “Military’s Grip on Power Challenged by Sudan Democracy Protests”, Mohammed Alamin and Samer Al-Atrush
April 12, 2019 | BBC, “Omar al-Bashir: How Sudan’s military strongmen stayed in power“, Alex de Waal
April 11, 2019 | BBC, “What next for Sudan and its ‘master manipulator’ Omar al-Bashir?” , Alex de Waal
April 11, 2019 | Foreign Policy, “In Sudan, a Transition to Democracy or a Military Power Play?” By Justin Lynch, Robbie Gramer, Colum Lynch, Jefcoate O’Donnell
April 11, 2019 | New York Times, “The Fall of Omar Hassan al-Bashir, the ‘Spider’ at the Heart of Sudan’s Web” by Declan Walsh
April 11, 2019 | New York Times, “In Sudan, Omar al-Bashir Is Out and the Army Takes Over“, Alex de Waal
April 9, 2019 | al Jazeera, “Gunshots, tear gas fired at Sudan protests”
April 8, 2019 | Foreign Policy, “How two U.S. Presidents Reshaped America’s Policy Towards Sudan,” by Justin Lynch and Robbie Gramer
April 8, 2019 | al Jazeera, “Sudan army ‘not against’ protesters’ demands, won’t allow ‘chaos.
Photo: East African Standby Brigade raise the flags of 13 East African Nations. U.S. Air Force Staff Sgt Samuel Rogers, November 24, 2018 (CC BY 2.0)