Corruption in the Indonesian arms business

Authors Xiaodon Liang and Sam Perlo-Freeman examine the problem of corruption in the military sector in Indonesia in the post-Suharto era, in particular in relation to arms procurement, and discuss the significance of recent tentative signs of greater efforts by the Indonesian civil and military authorities to address the problem. It illustrates crucial points about democratization and corruption in the arms trade.

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Part 2: Understanding Illiberal Peacebuilding Models: Government Responses to Ending Mass Violence in Indonesia

In North Maluku, the mass violence that followed democratisation officially ended in mid-2000. One year of successive waves of violence resulted in the displacement of over one fifth of the local population and killed an estimated 3,000 people.[i] As a result of the conflict, provincial elections were delayed until 2002, the government decentralisation process was halted until 2004, and provincial elections were postponed to 2007. During this interim emergency governance period, several important bureaucratic changes were made, aimed at restoring security and stable government.

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Death by deprivation in East Timor 1975-1980

There is bitter irony here. Even for the winning side, this bloody outcome was not optimal. Indonesia was left in physical control of the towns, but not of the mountains, where low level guerrilla warfare continued for decades. It controlled most bodies but few hearts and minds among the traumatised population. Once news of the atrocities broke through the Indonesian and Australian information blockade, it deepened Indonesia’s diplomatic isolation. Within Indonesia, the East Timor atrocities exacerbated New Order militarism.

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