Systemic Hypertension Quiz

1. Which of the following is TRUE regarding systemic hypertension?

a. The mean arterial pressure (MAP) in systemic circulation is typically equal to that of the pulmonary circulation in a healthy animal

b. “White coat hypertension” is very uncommon in dogs and cats

c. A fractious cat that consistently has a systolic blood pressure reading of 140 mmHg in the clinic likely does not need treatment for hypertension

d. A dog with a consistent systolic blood pressure measurement of 140 mmHg can be diagnosed with severe systemic hypertension


2. Which of the following correctly pairs the signal with the physiologic response for endogenous control of systemic blood pressure?

a. Sympathetic nervous systemic activation: peripheral vasodilation

b. Histamine release: peripheral vasoconstriction

c. Parasympathetic nervous system activation: peripheral vasoconstriction

d. Endothelin release: peripheral vasoconstriction


3. A 10-year-old male castrated cat presents with a systolic blood pressure consistently found to be 220 mmHg. Which of the following drugs would NOT be an option for treatment of systemic hypertension?

a. Enalapril

b. Digoxin

c. Amlodipine

d. Hydralazine


4. Which of the following drugs that may be used to treat systemic hypertension is incorrectly paired with its mechanism of action?

a. Enalapril: ACE inhibitor

b. Amlodipine: phosphodiesterase 5 inhibitor

c. Hydralazine: affects Ca metabolism in smooth muscle

d. Telmisartan: Angiotensin receptor blocker


5. Which underlying disease is commonly recognized to be a trigger for development of systemic hypertension in cats?

a. Renal Disease

b. Diabetes Mellitus

c. Dilated cardiomyopathy

d. Hepatic lipidosis