Monica Toft will teach Fletcher Summer Live

Contemporary Challenges in International Security (July 6-29)

The causes of war and political violence dominate international relations. International trade and cooperation remain important, but for most scholars of international relations and, more importantly, most policy makers, international security issues often take pride of place. This course surveys scholarly and policy literature on international relations theory, with a focus on international security as it has evolved in the past, the present, and as it might do in the future.

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Long-Term Gains Far Outweigh Short-Term Costs from Withdrawing the U.S. Military from the Middle East

Like his predecessors, the president has found himself walking back this important strategic objective. Why? Because he seems to believe the best option for the United States in the Middle East comes down to pain and loss no matter which policy we choose: military withdrawal or continued forward deployment.

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The More Things Change, the More They Stay the Same: The Failure of Regime‐​Change Operations

Whether trying to achieve political, security, economic, or humanitarian goals, scholars have found that regime-change missions do not succeed as envisioned. Instead, they are likely to spark civil wars, lead to lower levels of democracy, increase repression, and in the end, draw the foreign intervener into lengthy nation-building projects.

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