Charles Mak

Charles Ho Wang Mak, PhD Candidate at the University of Glasgow

Charles Ho Wang Mak is a PhD Candidate in international law at the University of Glasgow, a Fellow of the Centre for Chinese and Comparative Law at the City University of Hong Kong, and an Honorary Fellow of the Asian Institute of International Financial Law at the University of Hong Kong. His current research concentrates on sovereign debt restructuring, sovereign wealth funds and dispute resolution.

Charles has studied law at the University of Sussex in England (LL.B. (Hons.)), The Chinese University of Hong Kong (LL.M. in International Economic Law), and the City University of Hong Kong (LL.M.Arb.D.R.(with Credit)). He is a Fellow of the Chartered Institute of Arbitrators (FCIArb), the Hong Kong Institute of Arbitrators (FHKIArb), and the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland (FRAS). He is also a pioneer member of the Asian Institute of Alternative Dispute Resolution (MAIADR). He earned accreditation as a tribunal secretary at the Hong Kong International Arbitration Centre. In 2019, he was admitted as the first member of the Australian Centre for International Commercial Arbitration Tribunal Secretary Panel from both Hong Kong and Mainland China. He has published several articles, books reviews, short notes, and blog posts in different journals and platforms, including Young Arbitration Review, World Arbitration and Mediation Review, Asian Journal of International law, Investment and Commercial Arbitration Review, EFILA Blog,, and Jus Mundi.

Recent Publications:

CS SHANG, W GUO, and CHW MAK ‘Two Paths Leading to the Same End? A Discussion of Development and Regulation of Online Mediation under the Covid-19 in the People’s Republic of China and the United States’ (2020) 13 (1) World Arbitration and Mediation Review 101 (

CHW MAK and IJ Chen ‘Regulatory Challenges Arising from Sovereign Wealth Funds and National Security: Exacerbate Great Power Competition between China and the United States?’ (2020) EFILA Blog [Blog post] (

CHW MAK, ‘China-European Union Investment Relationships: Towards a New Leadership in Global Investment Governance, Edited by Julien Chaisse’ (2020) 10 (2) Asian Journal of International Law 413 [Review] (

CHW MAK, ‘Sovereign Debt Market- A Post-COVID-19 Perspective’ (2020) Conference paper presented at the 12th Annual Critical Finance Studies Conference, Goldsmiths, University of London (

CHW MAK, ‘Sovereign Debt Restructuring- A Perspective from China After COVID-19’ (2020) Conference paper presented at the 2020 CIBEL Global Network Conference, UNSW Law (

CHW MAK, ‘Sovereign Debt Regulation: Towards a Unified International Legal Regime? – The Rise of Arbitration in Sovereign Debt Restructuring’ (2020) Conference paper presented at the 9th PEPA/SIEL Annual Conference (

CHW MAK, ‘The Rise of Sovereign Wealth Funds: Can States Control Entities Claim the Same Rights as any other Private Investors?’ (2018) Conference paper presented at The 2018 Hong Kong Law Research Postgraduate Symposium, CUHK Law Faculty (