Publications by Project

The Compassion International (CI) Study of Positive Youth Development (PYD)

Articles and Chapters (Published):

Lerner, R. M., Tirrell, J. M., Lerner, J. V., Geldhof, G. J., Gestsdóttir, S., King, P. E., Sim, A. T. R., & Dowling, E. (2019). The end of the beginning: Evidence and absences studying PYD in a global context. Adolescent Research Review, 4(1), 1-14.

Tirrell, J. M., Geldhof, G. J., King, P. E., Dowling, E., Sim, A., Williams, K., Iraheta, G., Lerner, J. V., & Lerner, R. M. (2019). Measuring spirituality, hope, and thriving among Salvadoran youth: Initial findings from the Compassion International Study of Positive Youth Development. Child & Youth Care Forum, 48(2), 241-268.

Lerner, R. M., Lerner, J. V., Geldhof, G. J., Gestsdottir, S., King, P. E., Sim, A. T. R., Batanova, M., Tirrell, J. M., & Dowling, E. (2018). Studying positive youth development in different nations: Theoretical and methodological issues. In J. J. Lansford & P. Banati (Eds.), Handbook of adolescent development and its impact on global policy (pp. 68-83). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Articles and Chapters (In Press):

Tirrell, J. M., Gansert, P. K., Geldhof, G. J., Dowling, E. M., Lerner, J. V., King, P. E., Sim, A. T. R., Iraheta, G., Williams, K., & Lerner, R. M. (In press). Using the specificity principle to go inside the black box of programs: The sample case of an El Salvador PYD program. In S. Verma, A. Petersen, & J. Lansford (Eds.), Sustainable human development: Challenges and solutions for implementing the United Nations’ Goals [Special issue]: Zeitschrift für Psychologie.

King, P. E., Yoo, Y., & Vaugh, J. M., Tirrell, J. M., Geldhof, G. J., & Dowling, E. M. (In press).  Under construction: The Measure of Diverse Adolescent Spirituality (MDAS) and refined findings from Mexican and Salvadoran youth. In K. Harris, A. Ai, & P. Wink (Eds.), Assessing Spirituality and Religion in a Diversified World. New York: Springer Press.

Lerner, R. M., Dowling, E. M., Lerner, J. V., Tirrell, J. M., King, P. E., Iraheta, G., Williams, K., & Sim, A. T. R. (In press). Youth violence prevention and the promotion of positive youth development: Integration or independence? In R. Rivera (Ed.),Violencia cero sin mano dura.

King, P. E., Yoo, Y., Tirrell, J. M., Geldhof, G. J., Iraheta, G., Williams, K., Sim, A. T. R., Stephenson, P., Dowling, E., Lerner, R. M., & Lerner, J. V. (In press). Refining the measure of diverse adolescent spirituality in samples of Mexican and Salvadoran youth. Psychology of Religion and Spirituality.

Manuscripts Under Review:

Tirrell, J. M., Dowling, E. M., Gansert, P., Buckingham, M., Wong, C. A., Suzuki, S., Naliaka, C., Kibbedi, P., Namurinda, E., Williams, K., Geldhof, G. J., Lerner, J. V., King, P. E., Sim, A. T. R., & Lerner, R. M. (Under review). Features of effective youth development programs: Contextual safety and the “Big Three” components of positive youth development programs in Rwanda. Child & Youth Care Forum.

Manuscripts In Preparation:

Sim, A.T.R., Lerner, J.V., Geldof, G. J., Gestsdóttir, S., King, P.E., Tirrell, J.M., Dowling, E.M., & Lerner, R. M. “PYD goes global: Meanings and measures.” The Fuller team is working on a manuscript, tentatively titled, “A preliminary analysis of the ecology of hope: Exploring the relations among religiosity, spirituality, connection, hopeful future expectations (HFE), and agency.”

Presentations Completed in Year 2:

September 2017: In her talk, “Igniting Youth to Thrive,” Pam King spoke at CI’s Global Council where she discussed the relation between spirituality and thriving and focused on the “image of God” and how relating to God and others is central to being human and to thriving. She made connections between psychological and biblical approaches and affirmed the importance of CI’s approach to breaking the cycle of poverty. She provided a brief description of the study and shared early findings from the “proof of concept” work in El Salvador.

October 2017: A poster was presented at the Society for the Study of Human Development (SSHD). The paper used data from the proof of concept assessment in El Salvador, examining religiosity and constructs of spirituality (fidelity and transcendence) as related to hopeful future expectations among 888 youth in El Salvador. Results pointed to the connections between these constructs and the complexity and depth of resources available through religion, suggesting that religion may give youth access to a meaningful connection to the sacred and a coherent narrative for understanding themselves and the world.

October 2017: At SSHD in her invited plenary address, “Spirituality and Thriving: Contemporary Approaches” Pam King spoke about the current CI PYD Research Project as an important exploration and test of PYD contexts and the roles of spirituality and religion promoting thriving.

February 2018: At Fuller Theological Seminary’s School of Psychology Integration Symposium, Pam King’s invited response discussing the virtue of hope, drew from findings and experiences of the CI PYD Study in El Salvador and Rwanda.

March 2018: American Psychological Association’s Division 36 Psychology of Religion and Spirituality Biennial meeting, In a keynote address, “Religion and Thriving: The Roles of Transcendent Narrative, Virtue, and Lived Purpose,” Pam King also described findings of the Wave 1 El Salvador data of mounting evidence of the importance of religion and spirituality promoting positive youth development in thriving.

Society for Research in Adolescence (SRA): April 2018: The foundation paper was presented by Jonathan Tirrell as part of a symposium entitled “PYD Goes Global: Meaning and Measures”. It included contributions from John Geldhof, Steinunn Gestsdóttir, Frosso Motti-Stefanidi, and Silvia Koller as discussant.

April 27, 2018: Rich was the keynote speaker (via video conference) for the launch of a new grant initiative of Templeton World Charities Foundation (TWCF) called Global Innovations for Character Development (GICD). TWCF is promoting GICD as a first-of-its-kind initiative to “develop a portfolio of scientific innovations to promote character development, through proof-of-concept and transition-to-scale awards.”

Presentations Completed in Year 3:

King, P. E. (April 2019). Reciprocating spirituality: Where are we in the process. Invited address at the Ninth SRCD preconference on child and adolescent spiritual and religious development, Austin, TX.King, P. E. (February 2019). Grace: To infinity and beyond. A response to Dr. Peter Hill on “Grace as Religiously Inflected Experience.

King, P. E. (August 2018). JoyRide: Thriving on the Road to Joy. Plenary address at Joy and the Good Life Conference, Yale Divinity School.

ISSBD: July 15-19, 2018 Queensland, Australia. Rich was a keynote speaker.

Fuller presented Faith and Thriving: The role of personal, social, and transcendent resources with religion for El Salvadorian youth on behalf of the CI PYD team at Annual APA convention @ San Francisco Aug 9-12.

SRCD: March 2019: Rich was a keynote speaker. He was asked to discuss his recent work in “cutting-edge and highly regarded scholarship on positive youth development in diverse countries around the world.”

SRCD: March 2019: Elizabeth Dowling moderated a roundtable discussion about measurement and program evaluation with representatives from UNICEF, USAID, TWCF, and CI.

Peer-reviewed conference presentations in Year 3:

Tirrell, J. M., Dowling, E. M., Gansert, P., Lerner, J. V., King, P. E., Naliaka, C., Kibbedi, P., Namurinda, E., Williams, K., Sim, A. T. R., & Lerner, R. M. (2019, March). Assessing effective out-of-school-time programs: Development of a measure for the “Big Three” features of positive youth development programs. Paper presented at the 2019 Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development, Baltimore, MD.

Yoo, Y., King, P. E., Vaughn, J. M., Tirrell, J. M., Iraheta, G., William, K., Sim, A., Dowling E., Lerner, R. M., & Lerner, J. V. (2019, March). Profiles of Youth Strengths and PYD Outcomes for Salvadoran Youth. Paper presented at the 2019 Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development, Baltimore, MD.

Vaughn, J. M., Yoo, Y., King, P. E., Tirrell, J. M., Iraheta, G., William, K., Sim, A., Dowling E., Lerner, R. M., & Lerner, J. V. (2019, March). Exploring ecological assets and personal strengths among Salvadoran youth: The complex relation between religion and hope. Paper presented at the 2019 Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development, Baltimore, MD.

Gansert, P., Tirrell, J., Dowling, E., Lerner, J., King, E., Williams, K., Iraheta, G., & Sim, A. (2018, October). Using the specificity principle to go inside the black box of program evaluation: The sample case of an international PYD program.Poster presented at the Society for Research in Child Development Special Topic Meeting: Promoting Character Development Among Diverse Children and Adolescents: The Roles of Families, Schools, and Out-Of-School-Time Youth Development, Philadelphia, PA.

King, P. E., Yoo, Y., Tirrell, J. M., Geldhof, G. J., Iraheta, G., William, K., Sim, A., Stephenson, P., Dowling E., Lerner, R. M., & Lerner, J. V. (2018, October). Measure of Diverse Adolescent Spirituality in Mexican & Salvadoran Youth: Confirmatory factor analysis and measurement invariance. Paper presented at the Society for Research in Child Development Special Topic Meeting: Promoting Character Development Among Diverse Children and Adolescents: The Roles of Families, Schools, and Out-Of-School-Time Youth Development, Philadelphia, PA.

King, P. E., Vaughn, J., Yoo, Y., Tirrell, J. M., Geldhof, G. J., Dowling E., Lerner, J. V., & Lerner, R. M. (2018, August).Religious attendance, relational spirituality, hope, & positive development in Salvadoran youth. Paper presented at the American Psychological Association Annual Convention, San Francisco, CA.

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The Science of Learning and Development (SoLD)

United States Military Academy (USMA) — Project ARETE

The Self, Virtue & Public Life Project at the University of Oklahoma

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