There are many approaches you can take to design feedback you will give to students. These resources offer techniques to help implement a variety of assessments —
Providing Feedback to Learners
One key purpose of assessment is to provide feedback that students can use to adjust their study techniques and learning processes —
- Seven Keys to Effective Feedback (Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development)
- Giving Student Feedback: 20 Tips To Do It Right (InformED)
In-class Assessment Techniques
In the classroom there are many ways to improve students learning through assessment activities. These can provide students with feedback about their learning, and give faculty feedback about the class.
- Classroom Assessment Techniques (Teaching@Tufts)
- Classroom Assessment Techniques (CATs) (Vanderbilt)
- Using Classroom Assessment Data to Improve Student Learning (Teaching@Tufts)
Out-of-class work is a common way to scaffold student learning. Here are some approaches to consider when designing assignments.
- Equitable Assignment Design (Tufts)
- Inclusive Assessment: Equal or Equitable (Tufts)
- The Fall and Rise of Reading (Chronicle of Higher Education)
Testing & Test Design
Testing can function in different ways in the classroom. Low-stakes quizzes and tests can provide students with feedback on their learning throughout a course. Final exams, on the other hand, provide an assessment of the student’s level of achievement of the larger course learning objectives.
Tests are also an opportunity for students to consolidate their learning and integrate new ideas with their existing knowledge. Careful design of test questions can maximize student learning opportunities, while adhering to the constraints of course resources and instructor time.
- Exams: Maximizing Their Learning Potential (Faculty Focus)
- How can we get students to learn more from tests? (Tufts Faculty Blog)
- Best Practices for Designing and Grading Exams (University of Michigan)
- Crafting Questions (Western Washington University)
Assessing Group Work
Group work may be graded or not. When ungraded, group work is still effective as an assessment approach, because students get feedback about their own learning in the context of the group activities.
Peer Feedback Among Students
Creating opportunities for peer feedback helps students understand how to receive feedback from multiple perspectives, and learn from each others ideas.
- Designing Peer Feedback (Teaching@Tufts)
- Frame Your Feedback: Making Peer Review work in Class (Faculty Focus)
Self-assessment becomes sustainable when it builds the student’s ability to evaluate their own learning, ongoing. These techniques support sustainable assessment:
- Self-Evaluation of Individual Contributions During Discussion (Teaching@Tufts)
- Inclusive Participation Assessment Rubric (Tufts)
- Student Self-Assessment (Stanford)
- Critical Reflection (University of Waterloo)