Strengthening Rule of Law Approaches to Address Organized Crime: Social Norms

Based on a roundtable discussion with USAID and MSI, this white paper explores what social norms are, why they matter, and presents broad approaches and tools for changing social norms that could apply to organized crime.

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Using Systems Thinking to Understand and Address Corruption in the Criminal Justice System in Fragile States

Scharbatke-Church and Chigas contributed this insightful analysis to a recent book: Corruption, Social Sciences, and the Law: Exploration Across the Disciplines. Pointing out a disappointing record on anti-corruption, this chapter outlines a new way of analyzing corruption using systems thinking tools which better capture its complexity.

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Understanding Corruption in Criminal Justice as a Robust and Resilient System

This paper seeks to contribute to the field of criminal justice reform by sharing a systems-based analytic process to understand corruption in the CJS in fragile states. It explains what was done; why; the benefits and, of course, draw-backs of this process; as well as the lessons learnt.

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Collective Action Against Corruption in the Criminal Justice System

Too often, when the Criminal Justice System is riddled with corruption, a system meant to be a protector becomes a predator, giving rise to systematic use of extortion/bribery, sexual favors, political interference, and/or favoritism. This innovative practice brief describes CJL’s experimental effort to combat these forces within the CJS of Lubumbashi, DRC.

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Pity the Man Who Is Alone: Corruption in the Criminal Justice System in Bangui, Central African Republic

Criminal justice sector reform programming in the Central African Republic (CAR) ignores the role corruption plays in distorting justice, making their goals unattainable. Using a new methodology derived from systems analysis and over one hundred key informant interviews with criminal justice actors, citizens, and members of the international community, CJL seeks to contribute to more effective anti-corruption programming.

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Facilitation in the Criminal Justice System

Despite extensive work and resources on corruption in Northern Uganda, the enablers and drivers of corruption, and the reasons corruption has been so resistant to efforts to combat it, have received little attention. This paper is the first in a two-part analysis of these drivers, based on qualitative research conducted on the criminal justice elements of the police and courts in Northern Uganda. It explores how corruption functions in the police and courts, why it persists, and the impact it has on the legitimacy of these institutions.

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Corruption, Justice and Legitimacy

The Corruption, Justice, and Legitimacy (CJL) program advances innovative approaches to corruption analysis in fragile and conflict-affected contexts. Read our preliminary findings across several projects here.

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