This pages provides mini tutorials and guides on the various features Adobe Illustrator has to offer. Keep in mind Adobe Illustrator is very powerful vector graphics software and has a multitude of tools and features, so do not get overwhelmed! The best way to get good at using the software is to just click, learn and practice as much as you can. View the following link for extra tutorials provided by Adobe itself:
Adobe Illustrator Tutorials
Setting up your artboard, or your AI workspace, is the first and most important steps when creating a document on Illustrator. A dialog window will pop up when you first open Illustrator to create a new document. You can always adjust these document settings later but it is better to have a good idea of what dimensions and units you want to work with prior to designing. The following image shows how to set up your document:
The Shape Builder tool allows you to combine, edit and fill shapes on your Illustrator artboard. Follow these steps to create your own unique shape using the Shape Builder Tool:
1. Create several overlapping shapes
2. Select the shapes that you want to combine. Make sure that the shapes overlap so that there are no open lines or spaces.
3. Select the Shape Builder tool and then click and drag across the selected shapes.
4. You should now be able to select your object with the Selection Tool
The Pen tool, which can be found in the Toolbar, is one of the most powerful drawing tool in Illustrator. It allows you to create and edit anchor points and paths. Here’s a quick list of the common features associated with the Pen Tool:
- Path: a single line which can be made up of several points
- Basic path = with two end points is an open path
- Closed path = a shape without points
- Compound path = when two or more paths are connected
- Anchor Point: points found at the ends of a path that give you control over the path’s direction and curvature
- Corner points = can connect straight lines, curved lines or a combination of the two
- Smooth points = designed so that a path continues as one smooth lines without changes in directions or curvature
- Bézier Curve: curves that use anchor points and control handles to adjust its direction and curvature
- Bézier feature helps you create natural looking points and curves that can add a lot to your illustration
Try to use as few anchor points as possible while creating your design so it’s easier to edit later on. You can use the pen tool to add or delete anchor points on your path. As your design becomes more complex, you can connect multiple Bézier curves to minimize the number of anchor points on your path.
Practice using the pen tool with this fun Bezier Game.
Laser cutting is a 2D machining process so Adobe Illustrator is very helpful for creating 2D vector files (file types that end in .ai or .dxf) that can be cut on our laser machines here at Bray. The following sections gives a few Illustrator tips that will make the laser cutting process easier:
1. Joining Vectors
When you are making a design for a complete through cut (instead of an etch), you want to make sure that all your paths and vectors are joined and closed. If you have an open or stray vectors, the laser job control software will not be able recognize which paths to cut. To join vectors, select all the open paths you want to join and click CTRL+J to close your vectors. Sometimes Illustrator will unreasonable lines to close paths, so you can use the join tool to manually connect anchor points together.
As mentioned before, Adobe Illustrator is a 2D vector graphics software. This means that the software only allows you to work with drawings or vector files that end in .pdf, .dxf, .dwg, .svg or .ai! The trickiest part of importing files from 3D designing softwares like SolidWorks or OnShape is making sure to convert 3D file types (.sldprt, .obj) into a 2D file by selecting the face of the object you want to laser cut. Use the following step-by-step tutorial to learn how to import files from SolidWorks into Illustrator for laser cutting!