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Continuing with this year’s new faculty feature, let’s read about the most recent research and professional activities of Fletcher’s professors.
Dyan Mazurana, Associate Research Professor, Research Director at the Feinstein International Center at the Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy
Along with Fletcher doctoral candidate Phoebe Donnelly, I recently published the international report “Stopping Sexual Assault Against Humanitarian and Development Aid Workers,” which has been influencing international discussions in countries around the world. In the last few months, Phoebe and I have appeared in numerous media outlets, including: the Associated Press, BBC NewsNight, BBC 2 News, BBC News Channel, BBC Online, BBC Radio 5 Live, Belgium Public Television, Canadian Broadcast Corporation, CNN, Devex, France Television 24, The Guardian, International Public Radio, Fox News, Morning Wave Radio in Busan South Korea, NBC, Tufts Now, and more. I have been consulted by numerous UN agencies and international NGOs providing humanitarian aid on this topic and am now serving as an External Expert for the UK’s Department for International Development on their work to strengthen safeguarding internally and with their partners.
I am also leading an international team of researchers working with lawyers representing over 2,000 victims in the Prosecutor V. Ongwen case currently before the International Criminal Court, at the Hague. My team and I have been tasked to interview the victims to document they harms they and their households have allegedly suffered due to being a victim of one of three massacres the Lord’s Resistance Commander Dominic Ongwen is alleged to have ordered and participated in northern Uganda. Our report’s findings cover a range of serious crimes, mental and physical health, food security, nutrition, education, livelihoods, and access to education, health care and water. The findings will be presented by the team before the International Criminal Court in April 2018, where lawyers for the victims will argue the findings should influence the sentencing of Ongwen and reparations ordered by the court. I have been carrying out research in northern Uganda since 2001.
Abiodun Williams, Professor of the Practice of International Politics
My new co-edited book The UN Secretary-General and the Security Council was recently published by Oxford University Press.
Patrick Schena, Adjunct Assistant Professor of International Business
The focus of my research bridges issues of global finance and public policy. Most recently, a significant component of that work has involved sovereign and public investment funds. Currently, my specific interest is on public funds that have a discrete mandate to invest in the national development and transformation of their home economies (often referred to as sovereign development or strategic investment funds). My engagement includes both my own research and writing, as well as cooperating with multilateral (e.g. The World Bank) and transnational (e.g. the International Forum of Sovereign Wealth Funds (IFSWF)) institutions on research projects and workshops in this area. My recent publications on this theme include a co-authored article published in March 2017 in World Economics, a law review article published in Vol 4 (December, 2017) of the Wake Forest Law Review, and two forthcoming co-authored articles to appear respectively in Global Policy and the Harvard International Review. I am also currently organizing a member workshop of the IFSWF in cooperation with the World Bank planned for June 2018 on focused sovereign funds and sustainable development. My near-term projects extend the scope of this research agenda into the role of sovereign and public funds as responsible, long-term investors.
Rockford “Rocky” Weitz, Professor of Practice, Entrepreneur Coach, and Director of the Fletcher Maritime Studies Program
My research focuses on the public-private dimensions of maritime security. Using The Fletcher School’s strength as an interdisciplinary research institution, I focus my energy on finding lessons from the private sector that can influence better public policy decisions and analyze challenges where the public and private spheres intersect. An example of this is a forthcoming monograph on the lessons the U.S. Navy can learn from the private sector on retaining high-quality talent. The Fletcher Maritime Studies Program fosters this interdisciplinary engagement among our students through experiential learning. We sponsored 35 students and alumni to attend the annual Arctic Circle Assembly in Reykjavik, Iceland in October and bring in guest lecturers for our Global Maritime Affairs and Maritime Security courses. We also expand our reach outside of academia. I have been a frequent contributor on maritime issues with Asia Times and China Global Television Network. Our students and staff are also publishing, including op-eds in hometown newspapers in Portland, Maine and southern New Jersey.
Diana Chigas, Professor of Practice of International Negotiation and Conflict Resolution
and Cheyanne Scharbatke-Church, Professor of Practice in Human Security
Our current joint research focuses on understanding corruption in the criminal justice sector in fragile and conflict-affected states and finding new approaches to combating corruption effectively. We are particularly interested in the use of systems thinking for analyzing corruption, understanding the role of social norms in sustaining corruption, and integrating this learning into policy and practice. To develop a new analytic methodology, the project tested the systems-based approach in DRC, Uganda and Central African Republic. The first version of the resulting analysis methodology is also available complete with interview guides and meeting agendas.
We are currently working on pieces on how to address social norms to fight corruption in fragile and conflict-affected states, and on the connection of corruption to peacebuilding. We host a learning-focused blog series at the Institute for Human Security to challenge status quo thinking and foster a space for conversation between actors working in the field of anti-corruption in fragile states. Diana is traveling to Berlin in April to share our research as part of a lab sponsored by the U4 Anti-Corruption Resource Center in Norway to design innovative experiments that can help advance the anti-corruption agenda. Cheyanne will be in Ottawa at Global Affairs Canada in April presenting the methodology as part of a wider training of civil servants on conflict and fragility.
David Wirth, Visiting Professor of International Law
Throughout this year, I have written and shared the results of my research widely.
In addition to publications and speaking opportunities, here are some recent media contributions:
Referenced in Anna Dubenko, “Right and Left React to the Paris Climate Agreement News,” The New York Times.
“Fulbright Scholar on Working and Living in Moscow,” Faculty of Law, National Research University Higher School of Economics website.
In a professional school with a multidisciplinary curriculum, it’s no surprise that the away-from-Fletcher activities of the faculty take different forms. Though there’s certainly a common thread of research and writing, the research could be quantitative or qualitative, in the field or from a desk, and the media through which they publish will vary. This is the fourth post in which we’ll highlight Fletcher professors’ current activities.
My recent work focuses on communications security and privacy, and my new book, Listening In: Cybersecurity in an Insecure Age, was just published by Yale University Press. I am participating in a National Academies study on encryption tradeoffs, am a member of the Forum on Cyber Resilience, a National Academies roundtable, and recently served on a National Academies study on bulk signals intelligence collection, Bulk Collection of Signals Intelligence: Technical Options. I have been a senior staff Privacy Analyst at Google, a Distinguished Engineer at Sun Microsystems, and a faculty member at Worcester Polytechnic Institute, the University of Massachusetts Amherst, and Wesleyan University.
(Professor Landau was inducted into the Cybersecurity Hall of Fame in 2015, was a 2012 Guggenheim fellow, a 2010-2011 fellow at the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, and received the 2008 Women of Vision Social Impact Award. She is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and the Association for Computing Machinery. She is also Visiting Professor in Computer Science, University College London.)
Professor Landau’s profile. In the video below, she sits down with Dean Stavridis to discuss U.S. cybersecurity.
Hurst Hannum, Professor of International Law
I am on sabbatical leave in 2017-18, split between Washington, DC, and the Bonavero Instutite of Human Rights at the University of Oxford, during which time I will complete a book on the future of human rights, to be published in 2019 by Cambridge University Press. My latest publications are the 6th edition of my co-authored International Human Rights: Problems of Law, Practice, and Policy (Aspen 2017); “Reinvigorating Human Rights for the Twenty-first Century,” 16 Human Rights Law Review 409 (2016); “Sovereignty, Self-Determination, and Autonomy,” in The United States, China, and International Law (Jacques de Lisle and William Burke-White eds., forthcoming Oxford University Press 2018); and “Human Rights,” in The Oxford Handbook on International Law in Asia and the Pacific (Simon Chesterman and Ben Saul eds., forthcoming OUP 2018).
Avery Cohn, William R. Moomaw Assistant Professor of International Environment and Resource Policy
All of my work focuses on global environmental change and what people can do to confront it and cope with it. I’m currently involved in three main research themes. The first investigates the business case for protecting tropical ecosystems, given that these ecosystems regulate the local climate and therefore are important for agricultural productivity. Initially, our focus is the world’s largest agricultural frontier — the Southern fringes of the Brazilian Amazon basin. The work involves close collaboration with a coalition of businesses and NGOs working to find sustainable pathways for agricultural development in the tropics. The second theme identifies the ingredients of scalable forest governance. Here, I’m finding and analyzing cases of how public and private interests have cooperated to help forests achieve their potential. Finally, I’m quantifying societal costs of climate change and how people can adapt to this emerging threat. On this theme, I have been constructing profiles of resilient urban and rural households in sub-Saharan Africa, drawing on evidence from detailed agricultural surveys combined with remotely sensed indicators of climate, the environment, and infrastructure. All of these projects are team affairs, involving many students and other collaborators from Fletcher, Tufts, and beyond. Have a look here.
The Fletcher faculty (and, by extension, the curriculum) are broadly divided into the three Divisions: Diplomacy, History, and Politics; International Law and Organizations; and Economics and International Business. As you read the professors’ descriptions of their recent research and professional activities for this Faculty Facts series, you might find it easy or difficult to decide which Division best suits each professor. That seems about right in a professional school with a multidisciplinary curriculum. This is the third post highlighting the current activities of the faculty.
Michael Glennon, Professor of International Law
My current research continues to focus on the clash between President Trump and elements of the national security bureaucracy. On March 5, I gave a luncheon talk here at Fletcher to visitors from the French War College on the 90th anniversary of the Kellogg-Briand Peace Pact. On March 6, I gave the dinner talk at a conference at Fordham University in New York on “Re-Imagining the National Security State.” June 2, I am giving a lecture at the Academy of Philosophy and Letters in College Park, MD on the threat posed by populism to constitutionalism.
Jette Knudsen, Professor of Policy and International Business; Shelby Collum Davis Chair in Sustainability
I focus on public and private regulation to improve labor rights and jobs, and I also study regulations to improve the greening of the maritime supply chain. Examples of my ongoing projects include:
- Along with my co-author Jeremy Moon of Copenhagen Business School, I published Visible Hands: Government Regulation of International Corporate Social Responsibility (Cambridge University Press, November 2017). I have presented the book at several seminars and talks, including at University College London in February 2018. We are currently working on several papers based on the book. (Click the photo below to watch Professor Knudsen speak about International Corporate Social Responsibility at UCL.)
- With three colleagues (Ben Cashore from Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Studies; Jeremy Moon; Hamish Van Der Ven of McGill University), I organized research workshops (at Yale in January 2018 and at Copenhagen Business School in March 2018) on “Private Authority and Public Regulation.”
- I am exploring regulatory initiatives to improve the greening of the maritime supply chain along with Beth deSombre of Wellesley College, and I will attend a research workshop focusing on this topic at Copenhagen Business School in May 2018.
- With Erin Leitheiser from Copenhagen Business School and Jeremy Moon, I have applied for research funding to explore new regulatory initiatives to improve labor rights in Bangladesh. I will travel to Bangladesh for research in July 2018.
- I’m working on a new project together with Dorte Sindbjerg Martinsen from Copenhagen University that examines institutional adaptation to labor and service mobility between states in the EU.
Michael Klein, William L. Clayton Professor of International Economic Affairs
Throughout this year, I’ve been focusing on EconoFact, a non-partisan publication through which we aim to bring informed analysis to the national debate on economic and social policies. EconoFact recently marked one year of work.
Today I’d like to share the second installment of Faculty Facts. As I put together these summaries of research and professional activities, I’ll continue to try to show the breadth of professors’ interests by profiling representatives of various fields in each post. In a professional school with a multidisciplinary curriculum, the range of activities is especially broad. In case you missed it, the first Faculty Facts post appeared last week.
Tom Dannenbaum, Assistant Professor of International Law
I have recently completed a book on the criminalization of aggression, which will come out in the next few months. The book argues that the revival of the crime has more significant implications for soldiers on either side of such wars than has thus far been appreciated. It builds on a recent article, Why Have We Criminalized Aggressive War?, which provides an account of the criminal wrongfulness of aggression, and which was awarded the Lieber Prize by the American Society of International Law. Moving forward, I am working on several projects, including a piece on the legitimacy of the International Criminal Court, a piece on the law and ethics of medical care in armed conflict, and a theory of war crimes.
Monica Duffy Toft, Professor of International Politics
I continue to research the role of religion in global politics and the onset of large-scale violence. I am finishing a book on demography and national security and beginning a major project on U.S. military interventions.
Ayesha Jalal, Mary Richardson Professor of History at Tufts University
I am working on a new project tentatively entitled “Islamic Universalism, Liberalism and the Age of Empire” that probes Muslim responses to liberal values and thought projected by Western empires, most notably the British in India as well as in West and South East Asia. This builds on my most recent research and writing examining the inter-connectivities, and especially the intellectual, cultural and political exchanges, between the Indus-Gangetic plain and the wide world of Islam on the Indian Ocean Rim, which is being brought out as a jointly edited volume called Islam is the Ocean.
My purpose in conducting this inquiry is to assess the validity of the claim — initially made by Orientalist scholars, often linked with colonial administrations in different parts of Asia but which since has been accepted as something of an academic “orthodoxy” — that Muslims cannot be liberal in the true sense of the word because of the limitations imposed on their thinking by the imperatives of their faith. In addition to subjecting the concept of liberalism to rigorous historical and intellectual scrutiny with a view to questioning its exclusively Western trajectory, I am in the process of tracing debates during the late 19th and early 20th centuries in which Muslims, operating at a transnational level, took the initiative of challenging Western writers and policymakers who portrayed the Faithful as averse to reform and progress. In subsequent phases of the research, I will be looking at the impact of the post-WWII international system based on modern nation-states in molding conceptions of “liberal” thinking in the Muslim world during the Cold War and the post-Cold War periods. In sum, this project addresses many of the key issues discussed in the contemporary debate on Muslims and liberalism by offering an analytically focused, sharply critical and historically grounded perspective.
John Shattuck, Professor of Practice in Diplomacy
I am on leave from Fletcher this semester and I’m serving as a Visiting Scholar at the Institute of International Studies, University of California, Berkeley, where I am engaged in a comparative research and writing project on illiberal governance and democratic resilience in the U.S. and Europe. My research on democratic resilience in the U.S. will be issued this spring as a report by the Carr Center for Human Rights Policy, where I am a Senior Fellow. I delivered the keynote address, “The Crisis of Democracy in the U.S. and Europe,” at the Genron Institute international conference on challenges to democracy in Tokyo in November; and will be a keynote speaker this spring at conferences at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, Georgetown University, Harvard Law School, and Brandeis University. I chair the international advisory board of the Center on Ethics, Justice and Public Life at Brandeis University.
I’ve recently published two research papers, and a third is forthcoming.
“How Resilient is Liberal Democracy in the US?,” published by the Carr Center for Human Rights Policy, Harvard Kennedy School, February 15, 2018
“Democracy and Illiberal Governance,” The American Prospect, August 29, 2017
“Will Democracy in America Survive Donald Trump?,” forthcoming from The American Prospect, March/April 2018
Members of Fletcher’s faculty are first-and-foremost educators. They teach, advise students on Capstone Projects and PhD dissertations, provide governance for the School, organize conferences, and do all the other activities that are associated with being a professor. But it’s also typical for professors to conduct research, write, publish, and maintain associations with professional groups. While they might teach the same classes for several years in a row, their research and professional activities can change yearly. As I noted yesterday, I asked the faculty to provide a brief summary of what they are working on and I’ll be sharing their summaries today and weekly until I have published them all. I’ll also include videos, such as interviews with Dean Stavridis, or other materials you may want to check out, after reading the summaries.
Karen Jacobsen, Henry J. Leir Professor in Global Migration
My current main research is the Refugees in Towns project, which supports towns and urban neighborhoods in becoming immigrant- and refugee-friendly spaces that take full advantage of the benefits brought by refugees, while finding ways to manage the inevitable and long-term challenges of immigrant integration.
Chris Miller, Assistant Professor of International History
My current research examines the past and future of Russian power projection in Asia. After the annexation of Crimea in 2014, Russia began what many in Moscow describe as a “turn to the east” — an effort to deepen relations with China and expand Russia’s role in Asia. Yet this is not the first time Russia has pivoted toward Asia. The book I am writing studies the history of Russia’s Asian pivots from the early 1800s, when Russia first established a major foothold on the Pacific Ocean, through the present, to understand the roots of the Kremlin’s current effort to bolster its role in Asia.
Larry Krohn, Adjunct Professor of International Economics
I’m finishing a book, under contract with University of Toronto Press, on the economics of Latin America (an 18-nation universe). It deals with policy issues experienced over roughly the last thirty years (from the famous Washington Consensus). This was my area of specialization when I worked as an economist in financial services (1983-2008) and was what first brought me to Fletcher in 2005. The work is organized around issues, macro and structural, using country experiences as case studies. Not surprisingly, Brazil, Mexico and Argentina are cited most often. Many of the issues I deal with are not familiar to students exposed only to the usual micro-cum-macro principles courses taken in nations deemed of high income, and thus with an orientation to the problems of that economic stratum — decidedly not that of Latin America in the period under study. So I ensure that the basic theoretical notions and vocabulary of each subject area are conveyed to the reader before tackling the strictly Latin manifestations of the problem.
Ian Johnstone, Professor of International Law
I am currently engaged in three strands of research. The first is the most theoretical. It extends the work I have done on legal interpretive communities by situating it in the growing body of literature in international relations on “communities of practice.” A question I am exploring is whether a global interpretive community ever exists in a given issue area (for example on the use of force in international law), or whether it makes more sense to speak of multiple interpretive communities from different parts of the world that may or may not intersect.
The second strand of research is on peacekeeping and international law. I am editing a volume that pulls together the seminal writings on the topic, with an introductory essay that will serve as both a literature review and analysis of the current state of the law.
The third strand, which is more policy-oriented, considers various ways in which global health and global security intersect. Within that framework, I am currently engaged in research on the practice of inter-governmental and non-governmental organizations that seeks to address the stigmatization of forcibly displaced persons as carriers of infectious disease.
On a separate track, the new Center for International Law and Governance (which I co-direct with Professor Joel Trachtman) is holding an interdisciplinary conference on cyber-security in September 2018. A series of panels will consider whether international legal mechanisms can and should be developed to address politically-motivated cyber attacks on civilian institutions and infrastructure. Our plan is to engage policy-makers on the topic with the goal of having a practical impact, as well to produce an edited volume that will contribute to the scholarly literature.
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