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Admissions Boot Camp doesn’t lend itself to photos, but here’s one anyway — Fletcher on one of the beautiful days we’ve had this week.Â And now we’ll return to business…
There are a few elements of the application that allow you significant freedom to determine their content.Â The first (and most flexible) is your rĂ©sumĂ© — a great place to slip all sorts of information that you want to share with us.Â Naturally, you’ll include all the usual elements — professional experience, academic background, etc. — but you can add details that you can’t otherwise fit into the application.Â Some of this freedom comes from the amount of space you’ll have to work with.Â You donâ€™t need to feel limited to a one-pageÂ rĂ©sumĂ©; up to three pages can be fine, though longer than that is usually a negative.Â You can then include descriptions (for example) of community work that is relevant to your application, or links to publications that you want us to look at, or a link to the website for your successful sideline knitting business, or a list of your relevant skills.
Use the rĂ©sumĂ© to help us understand your workplace, too.Â If everyone uses an abbreviation for your organization, theÂ rĂ©sumĂ© is a great place to spell it out for us, and also tell us what it does.Â Itâ€™s really best to assume we donâ€™t know — a lot of eyes will review your application, and itâ€™s likely that someone will be seeing the name of your organization for the first time.Â If the organization provided great preparation for Fletcher, youâ€™ll surely want to tell us about it — don’t leave us guessing what you did.
For those of you accustomed to a longer c.v., I’d encourage you to look around for a sample of an American-style rĂ©sumĂ©.Â It isn’t that we can’t deal with the c.v., but you’ll end up hiding some of the information you want to highlight.Â You’ll find a zillion samples online.
Another area of the application (or application process) that allows you significant opportunity to expand upon your background is the optional evaluative interview.Â I never know why people who live near Fletcher donâ€™t at least try to schedule an interview.Â The face-to-face meeting really can only help your application, and you’ll have the opportunity to gather information that gives a boost to your essays.Â (In fact, I always suggest trying to schedule the interview before submitting the application.Â Leave the door open to learning something helpful during your visit!)
For those who are located farther away, we hope you’ll appreciate the option of participating in an interview via Skype.Â Yes, video conversations are a little awkward for all of us, but the interview will, again, only help your application.
Both the interview and the rĂ©sumĂ© are the finishing touches for your application, allowing you to flesh out the story you want to tell.Â As I suggested in my post about the essays, think about your application as a whole and slip the details in wherever they fit best.Â Your rĂ©sumĂ© or interview might just be the best place.
What role do recommendations play in a Fletcher application?Â Well, from Fletcher’s point of view, a useful recommendation sheds light on a particular phase of an applicant’s background.Â For example, the applicant’s transcript tells us that a student was successful as an undergraduate, but a professor’s recommendation can go much farther in telling us about the student’s experience.Â From the perspective of you, the applicant, a useful recommendation affirms that you’re terrific, but also adds detail about your academic or professional experience.Â Remember that we would like to see at least one letter from someone who can comment on your academic background.Â Ideally, one letter will come from a professional contact.Â The source of the third letter is up to you, but if you have been working for a while, a second professional recommendation makes the most sense.
Hereâ€™s a recipe for arranging supportive recommendations to accompany your application.
1. Choose your recommenders carefully.Â If they donâ€™t know you well, they wonâ€™t be able to write a good letter.Â Ideally, this process will have started way before you find Fletcher’s online application, but if it didn’t, you can still make up for lost time.
2. Once you have selected the people you would like to ask for a recommendation, be sure to ask them directly if they can write a favorable letter.Â Some recommenders would rather write the letter than acknowledge to a former student or employee that they don’t have anything (or anything positive) to say.Â A useful technique is to invite them to tell you that now is an inconvenient time — suggesting that you understand theyâ€™re busy and they shouldnâ€™t feel obliged to write.Â This little bit of diplomacy may go a long way in giving those you ask a gentle way to say no.Â We hate reading unfavorable letters that the recommenders should have declined to write.Â And, of course, some people are truly too busy at a certain time to take on the additional task.Â You want to be sure the letter will eventually arrive.Â Someone who agrees to write but never gets around to it isn’t much help to you.
3. Related to the above, ask early, to give the recommenders time to write the letter.Â You can keep an eye on their progress through the application management system.Â It’s up to you to provide the gentle reminders that the recommender may need.
4. When you ask the recommender to write a letter for you, provide as much information as you can.Â If itâ€™s a former professor, send along a current rĂ©sumĂ© and maybe a piece of writing that you did for him/her.Â For both academic and professional contacts, in addition to theÂ rĂ©sumĂ©, you might want to include a draft of your personal statement, so that they will know what you are planning for your future career.Â You should also provide a description of Fletcher (graduate professional school of international affairs) so that it’s clear what sort of degree you’re pursuing.
5. If there’s an aspect of your application that needs an explanation that you can’t find a place for, a good option may be to have your recommender provide it.Â For example, let’s say that you worked several years for a small organization.Â The recommender can tell us more about your employer than you have space for on your rĂ©sumĂ©.Â Another example: let’s say that your academic record was good, but you started off a little wobbly.Â Explain the situation to your academic recommender, and have him/her tell us about it.Â Your professor will be familiar with your university and can provide insight into your background.
6.Â Send a thank you note after the recommender has written the letter.Â Send another thank you note after you have received your admissions decisions.Â I hope that your attention to Application Boot Camp will bring you great results in the admissions process, but the reality is that you may be admitted to some programs and not admitted to others.Â Send the thank you note regardless of how successful you were.Â You may need that recommender again.Â Whether you do or not, sending the thank you is just plain good manners.
In case it’s still unclear, I’ll close by saying that you’ll never be able to completely control the content of your recommendation letters.Â But putting thought into the selection of your recommenders, and effort into informing them about your background and plans, gives you your best chance of ensuring your letters will be supportive and will meet the needs of your application.Â Finally, if your recommender is unfamiliar with the process, consider pointing him/her to a previous post that we wrote with recommenders in mind.
As I mentioned last week, Application Boot Camp is a joint effort between my Admissions pal, Christine, and me.Â Today, Christine gives you the skinny on test scores and transcripts.
Test scores and transcripts are two key parts of your application, and they can take time to prepare.Â Letâ€™s start by delving into what standardized tests are required.
All MALD, MA, MIB, and PhD applicants are required to submit scores from either the GRE or GMAT exam.Â Fletcher does not use cutoffs for GRE or GMAT scores, as we review all applications holistically and the scores are just one part of the overall application; however, they are an important part, and should be taken seriously.Â Preparing for the tests can be time consuming and some locations do not offer testing days as often as others.
A good strategy for picking a test date for the GRE or GMAT is to work backwards from the application due date.Â Pick a test date early enough for the scores to arrive by the deadline, but also leave yourself time to at least familiarize yourself with the exam format (or even put in some serious review).Â Do you want the option of taking the exam twice?Â Be sure to factor in the extra time for two exam dates.Â For applicants who have taken the tests more than once, we look at the highest score from each section.Â Additionally, we require official test score reports that must be sent to us directly from the testing service.Â This typically takes about two weeks, so if you are planning to apply by the January 10th application deadline, you should have your scores ordered by the end of December.Â GRE and GMAT scores are valid for five years — after that you will not be able to order an official score report.
International applicants for all programs (including the LLM) may be required to take the TOEFL, IELTS, or PTE in addition to the GRE or GMAT.Â You must submit this additional test if your native language is not English and you have not earned a university degree (undergraduate degree, or graduate degree lasting two or more years) in which English was the language of instruction.Â A score of 100 on the Internet-based TOEFL (with sub-scores of 25 on each section), 7 on the IELTS (with sub-scores of 7 on each section), or 68 on the PTE is generally considered evidence of sufficient English language ability for admission to Fletcher.Â As with the GRE or GMAT, it does take some time for these test scores to reach us, and you should plan accordingly.
TRANSCRIPTS are another central part of your application as they provide us with insight into your prior academic work.Â A transcript is required for all previously attended undergraduate or graduate institutions.Â (Note that we do not need high school results, regardless of where you attended high school.)Â Transcripts are required for study-abroad semesters if the grades and course names do not appear on your home institution’s transcript.Â If you transferred schools during your studies, you will need to provide transcripts from both the transfer school and graduating school.Â Additionally, if your transcripts are not in English they will need to be accompanied by a certified English translation.Â This means you cannot translate it yourself!Â You will need to take the transcript to a certified translator, and then submit to Fletcher both the original transcript and the translation, accompanied by the translator’s signed and stamped declaration of a true translation.Â A bank, post office, or university may be able to help you find translators.
Unlike test scores, transcripts can be uploaded to your online application and do not need to be mailed to us in hard copy.Â (We actually would prefer not to receive any hard copies at this stage!)Â You will need to upload a scanned copy of your official transcript.Â We cannot accept a copy of your unofficial online print-out.Â Like test scores, transcripts can take time to obtain and we would recommend that you start gathering these as soon as possible.
Tagged with: Application Boot Camp
The heart of the application to Fletcher is the essays — both the personal statement and the second essay.Â Through the essays you give us your pitch for how you’re right for Fletcher and Fletcher is right for you.Â Iâ€™d hazard a guess that all graduate schools would say roughly the same thing.
How should you approach writing the most important element of an application that may influence the trajectory of your professional life?Â Despite the weightiness of the situation, my first suggestion is always the same:Â Read the questions carefully and FOLLOW THE DIRECTIONS.
The two essays required for all Fletcher applications are:
Essay 1: Personal Statement (600-800 words)
Fletcherâ€™s Committee on Admissions seeks to ensure that there is a good match between each admitted student and the School.
Please tell us your goals for graduate study at Fletcher and for your career.Â Describe the elements of your personal, professional, and/or academic background that have prepared you for your chosen career path.Â Why is The Fletcher School the right place to pursue your academic objectives and to prepare you to meet your professional goals?Â Why have you selected the degree program to which you are applying?Â If you are planning to pursue a joint degree, please be sure to address this interest in your personal statement.
Essay 2 (500 words maximum)
Share something about yourself to help the Committee on Admissions develop a more complete picture of who you are.
I acknowledge that these questions can seem challenging, but I also think that they’re straightforward and appropriate for an application of this sort.Â Moreover, from vast experience, we know that applicants who organize their thoughts carefully will be able to stay within the word limits.Â For the Personal Statement, the inability to write 600 words may indicate that you havenâ€™t thought through your objectives clearly enough; more than 800 words means you need to use your favorite method for trimming back what you have written.
If you read the essay prompt carefully, youâ€™ll note that the Personal Statement starts by asking you to look ahead to your time during and after Fletcher.Â The other questions incorporated within the prompt are there to guide you to provide the details needed to convince us that your objectives are realistic and carefully considered.Â (What is it about your background that makes your goals achievable?)Â It will almost surely be a mistake if you start your narrative way back in your childhood (unless you quickly skip from age 6 to age 18).Â Your professional trajectory probably didnâ€™t begin until you were at least in your undergraduate studies.Â Think carefully about the elements you want to include — make your essay a convincing argument, not a basket full of random thoughts.Â (And leave off the footnotes — this isn’t a research paper, and you should include your definitions and references (if truly necessary) in the body of the essay.)
That second essay question — so vague and unhelpful, right?Â Well, maybe.Â But here’s how you should approach it.Â Before you start writing, think about all the other information that youâ€™ve already loaded into your application.Â What else can you say that will add to your argument that youâ€™re a good match for Fletcher and your future career?Â Thereâ€™s no universal best answer to the question, but a poor choice of topic is one that doesn’t link in any way to your goals, your background, or the special qualities you would bring to Fletcher.Â Remember that we love enrolling a diverse group of students.Â Help us understand who you are.
Beyond all of the above, itâ€™s really important (and presumably obvious) that you need to check over your writing. Thereâ€™s no excuse for misspellings, and we cringe when we read the name of one of the other fine schools of international affairs that an applicant forgot to swap out when using the same essay for multiple applications.Â (Huge frown for that scandalously common error!)
An interesting annual observation is that many admitted students do a much better job of articulating their goals in March conversations than they did via the application in January.Â Iâ€™m going to guess that this is, in part, because they didnâ€™t take enough time to prepare their essays.Â So my final word of advice is to start early.Â Think through your objectives and how you want to express them.Â Write a first draft and let someone else read it.Â If your goals arenâ€™t clear to your first reader, they wonâ€™t be clear to us either.Â When you have a final draft, triple check it for stupid (and not-so-stupid) errors.
And those are my tips for the essay.Â All common sense, really, but critical for convincing the Admissions Committee that your objectives and Fletcher are the perfect match.
Applicants, listen up!Â My Admissions pal, Christine, and I have been cooking up a week of tips and suggestions to help you as you think about your application to Fletcher for January or September 2015.Â Weâ€™ll be running through all the key parts of the application and we strongly encourage you to pay attention!
Christine and I have been thinking about this little feature since the summer began, actually sitting down to write it only last week â€“ yes, even we procrastinate!Â Weâ€™re calling it Application Boot Camp, and hereâ€™s the schedule:
Monday: Writing good essays
Tuesday: Test scores and transcripts
Wednesday: Arranging for supportive recommendations
Thursday: Finishing touches â€“ interviews, rĂ©sumĂ©s, and other things under your control
Friday: Using the online application
The posts will be tagged so that you can read them now and refer back later on to double check that you’re following our instructions.
See you at Boot Camp on Monday!
Tagged with: Application Boot Camp
With the deadline coming on a Friday this year, I thought it would be helpful to tell you what to expect after you submit an application, even if you haven’t yet submitted yours.Â As I wrote earlier this week, we’ve been keeping up with the applications that were submitted ahead of the deadline, and the printer is churning out the ones that arrived overnight.Â We’ll keep going until 5:00 p.m., but any further compiling of applications will wait until Monday.
In other words, we won’t be updating applications over the weekend.Â But even when we’re back in the office on Monday, we need to ask you to remain patient for a few days while we compile and process your application.
By “patient,” I mean:Â Please don’t contact us on Monday to ask about an application that was submitted today!Â Everything will come together very soon, so hold tight, and when you start to worry anew about whether youâ€™ve done everything you need to, reread this blog post.Â Meanwhile, hereâ€™s the rundown of what happens when an application is submitted, whether you followed my advice and applied early or will wait until 11:59 EST tonight.
1.Â Once you hit the online â€śsubmitâ€ť button, your application is â€śstampedâ€ť with the date and time.Â The electronic application then waits within the Embark system for your registered online recommenders to do their work.Â If all your recommenders have already submitted their letters, or if you havenâ€™t registered any online recommenders, the application will be ready for us immediately, and weâ€™ll upload it into our internal program.Â (If your recommenders havenâ€™t done their part, itâ€™s your responsibility to remind them that the deadline has passed.)
2.Â When your application (with online recommendations) is uploaded, youâ€™ll receive an automatically generated email stating that we have received your application, and that you should wait ten business days before contacting the Admissions Office about any missing materials.Â The email also provides you with a username and password to access the Tufts Graduate Application Management System (GAMS).Â GAMS will be the best way to track your application.Â Weâ€™ll also be posting decision letters to your GAMS account, so hang on to your username and password!Â Remember that we donâ€™t receive your application (and you donâ€™t receive the email) if the application is stuck in Embark, waiting for recommendations.Â And contacting a member of the Admissions staff will generally give you only the information you can access yourself through GAMS.Â (After a few weeks, thereâ€™s more that we can do to help track materials down.)
3.Â Â Uploaded applications are printed in batches.Â Once we have the paper copy, we create a file folder for you, giving you a tangible presence in the Admissions Office.
4.Â Meanwhile, Admissions Office staffers will open the daily piles of envelopes holding test scores, transcripts, letters of recommendation from recommenders who werenâ€™t registered online, etc.Â We sort and file the mail.Â If the application hasnâ€™t yet been uploaded, the paper materials will â€śwaitâ€ť for it to emerge from the system.
5.Â Once we have your application in a file folder, we dig out the mail that has already been received for you and include it.Â Then we manually update your record in the admissions system to show what materials have come in by mail.Â You should track your application through GAMS, but weâ€™ll also email you if thereâ€™s a document missing. This is the ten-day process I referred to in point 2 above.Â If youâ€™re not patient, GAMS will alarm you by indicating we havenâ€™t received anything at all.Â Until we manually process your application materials, the information in GAMS is not complete.Â Keep on top of things, but remember that the registering of your materials wonâ€™t happen immediately.
6.Â Your completed application is then given to Committee members to review, and youâ€™ll receive your admission decision in late March.
The bottom line:Â Make sure you monitor your application, but give us a little time to pull everything together.Â In only about two weeks, everyone who has submitted all the materials needed for an application should find accurate and reassuring information on GAMS.Â So long as you submitted the application by the deadline, you can relax for a few days while we do our work.
So often we’re asked a question that can take two forms, depending on who’s asking:
1.Â What type of work should I do after completing my undergraduate degree to prepare me for Fletcher?
2.Â Does my professional experience make me a good candidate for admission to Fletcher?
As I’ve written before, there’s (alas) no correct answer to these questions.Â The professional experience that will be valuable for one post-Fletcher career may not help to advance another.Â Nonetheless, though there’s never going to be a tidy answer to pass along, that doesn’t mean I can’t guide you toward a better understanding of why such brief questions elicit such unwieldy responses.Â To do so, I thought I’d connect readers to sources on the blog and elsewhere through which you can see for yourself the diversity of our students’ pre-Fletcher experience.
I’ll start off my experience round-up by pointing you toward several blog features.Â First, there are the Five-Year Updates.Â In these posts, alumni describe their paths to and through Fletcher, and you can see how they have brought together their pre-Fletcher work and Fletcher studies to launch new careers.Â There’s also the growing feature on First-Year Alumni.Â Naturally, these graduates don’t yet have the perspective of their fellow alums who graduated earlier, but you might like to see how everything (Fletcher and pre-Fletcher experience) comes together directly after leaving Fletcher.Â I’ll be adding more posts from our 2013 graduates throughout the coming months.Â Finally, there are the posts in the Student Stories feature.Â Although the writers this year and last cover an assortment of topics, each of them provides an introductory post.
Beyond the blog, there are many student profiles on the Fletcher website.Â You can find a selection of students who entered in 2011, 2012, and 2013, as well as recent alumni.Â If you prefer, you can also access profiles by degree program on theÂ MALD, MIB, MA, LLM, and PhD pages.
With the application deadline coming up on Friday, maybe this is an odd time to be providing information like this.Â On the other hand, I know that applicants’ questions on their credentials don’t actually stop when they submit the application.Â Maybe this isn’t such an odd time after all.
Do I need to say anything that the title of this post doesn’t already say?Â A little context, maybe?
Every year, the majority of our applicants wait until the last (or nearly last) minute to submit their applications.Â Meanwhile, as the clock ticks down, they anguish, stress, and contact the office to ask for a clearer definition of “January 10 deadline.”
Seriously.Â I’m asking.
Why would you risk the anxiety and hassle (and potential missed deadline) involved in waiting until the very last minute?Â And why take the time to ask whether a January 10 deadline means by close of business or before midnight?
Today is December 23.Â Eighteen days remain before January 10.Â Use 17 of them industriously, and you will not need to contact us for clarification of the deadline.
So, yes, dear blog readers, I am imploring you to do something good for yourself.Â Please submit your application before the deadline.Â Not so early that it’s incomplete, mind you, but early enough that you can relax while imagining other people’s frenzy on January 10.
And for the record:Â applications must be submitted by 11:59 p.m. EST (GMT-5) on January 10.
Tagged with: deadlines
Decisions were posted yesterday for our Early Notification applicants so, today, I’ll try to anticipate incoming questions and answer them before you have a chance to ask.
First, allow me to congratulate those applicants who have already been admitted!Â We’re excited to welcome new students to the community, and I read some super applications in this round!Â I’m sure it’s good news that you can just relax through the next three months.Â Scholarship decisions will go out with the next round of admission decisions at the end of March, but you don’t need to make a final enrollment decision until April 20.Â Meanwhile, I encourage you to use this time to gather information about Fletcher so that you’re ready to make an informed decision.Â Of course, if you already know you’ll attend Fletcher, all the better!
Next, let me say that I’m sorry to bid farewell to a group of applicants who were denied admission.Â We always regret making these difficult decisions, but we hope it will help the applicants make their choices on where else they should apply.
Finally (and most complicated) are the applicants who were told we will discuss them again after we receive applications for our regular deadline in January.Â That is, we wish to look at the applications in the context of the larger application pool.Â Important to note if you fall in this group:Â you are welcome/invited/encouraged to update us on changes to your credentials.Â Here’s a list of updates that we particularly value:
- An updated transcript that reflects grades received since you submitted your application;
- New standardized exam (GRE, GMAT, TOEFL, IELTS) score reports;
- A revised rĂ©sumĂ© that includes information on a new job position;
- An additional recommendation that sheds light on an aspect of your background you weren’t able to illuminate in other parts of the application.
Are you thinking of something not included on the above list?Â It may be a fine addition.Â Just use this simple rule of thumb:Â if the information is already in your file in another form, there’s not much value in sending it again.Â That is, an additional academic recommendation will add little to an application that already includes three.Â On the other hand, a professional recommendation will add a lot to an application that only includes academic recommendations.Â Think it through before you flood us with info, but don’t hesitate to send us something that will give your application a happy bump.
Whether you were offered admission this week, or you were told we’ll reconsider your application in the spring, we look forward to hearing from you and to working with you during the coming months.Â Please be sure to be in touch if you have questions.
Tagged with: Early Notification
I’ve received some good suggestions to fuel my blogging through the next weeks from the survey I posted a few weeks back.Â Today, I’ll answer a few of the easily answered questions, in hopes that it will encourage more of you to tell me what’s on your mind.
Question:Â Other than the Admissions Committee, who reviews the applications?Â How much does the comments by these “others” matter in admitting or rejecting an applicant?
I love this question!Â I can’t remember ever being asked it by an applicant before.Â I’m guessing that the applicant is wondering about high-level administrators (the dean, etc.), alumni, or professors who might, somehow, weigh in and influence the admissions process.Â To answer, I’ll start with a reminder that the Admissions Committees for the MALD/MA and MIB programs already includes professors, along with the students and staff, while the PhD and LLM Committees are composed of professors and staff, but no students.Â At the master’s level (MALD, MA, MIB, LLM), there is no consultation with the many individuals or constituencies not included on the Committee.Â For the PhD program, professors are consulted as part of the process of finding the right advisor for each student.Â In no case are alumni or higher-level administrators part of the process.Â I’ve heard of other schools where the dean can unilaterally decide to admit an applicant.Â That’s not how we do things at Fletcher.Â On the other hand, it is certainly the case that professors are available to help us interpret an application if their expertise would be valuable.
Question:Â What does the Admissions Committee look for in the second essay?
I’m aware that each individual applicant is on his/her own schedule for researching and applying to graduate schools, so I’m happy to point you back to an Admissions Blog post from just a few weeks back.Â Most of what I could possibly say is included there, but I’ll reinforce my key point, which is that you should use the second essay strategically by focusing on a topic not otherwise covered in the application but that relates (however tangentially) to your qualifications for Fletcher.Â On the other hand, you shouldn’t overthink the strategizing — there’s no right answer.
Question:Â Are there application considerations for military personnel or veterans of military service?
Fletcher has a long history of educating military personnel who will continue their careers or who are transitioning to a new career.Â (This is one of the reasons I asked Liam to contribute to the blog.)Â I would say that the Admissions Committee views favorably the opportunity to bring military personnel and veterans into the Fletcher community.Â We are very familiar with the military academies (and the very heavy courseload that students pursue there), as well as the education paths of the many who joined the military before attending university.Â With an international student body, we naturally also see military veterans of many other countries, including applicants who have participated in mandatory public service.Â Beyond that, we review each application with an eye toward fairness, just as we would with applicants who have no military experience.Â Once students are here, Fletcher (and Tufts University as a whole) participates fully in Yellow Ribbon and other veterans’ scholarship programs, and we have a designated point-person to guide students through the very complicated process.Â In a bureaucratic duel between Fletcher and one of the military branches, we always endeavor to make Fletcher the less cumbersome bureaucracy.Â Plus, Dean Stavridis comes from a military background — you can count on a welcoming atmosphere.
Those are the answers for today!Â Please send me more of your questions!
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